Yenadi in India

The Yenadi have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 5

Subgroup Name Population
Challa 36,000
Manchi 4,300
Konkana Yenati Unknown
Matturkam Unknown
Suddamyna Unknown

Introduction / History

The Yenadi are located in Andhra Pradesh, southern India. They live primarily in the districts of Nellore and Chittoor, as well as other nearby districts. They speak Yanadi, which belongs to the Telugu language family.

For many years, the Yenadi lived in isolation on the island of Sri Harikota, off the Nellore district. In 1835, the British government took possession of the island. Schools and industries were opened to try to "civilize" them by showing them a more modern way of life. The government's effort, however, was of no avail. When India became independent in 1947, and British administration ended.

The Yenadi are dark skinned people, short in stature. Many believe them to be tribal because of their primitive ways; others believe them to be a part of a caste system. They are divided into two groups: the Manchi Yenadi, who belong to the small superior class; and the Challa Yenadi. The two groups seldom intermarry.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Yenadi are mainly rural farmers, although some work as dairy farmers. Seasonal forest products such as herbs, wood, and grass for making brooms, provide extra income. Some of the urban Challa Yanadi do toilet and street cleaning. They may also catch frogs and snakes for trade, or gather honey to sell in the markets.

Some of the Yenadi are semi-nomadic, moving every few years in search of work or good sources of forest products. Unfortunately, many of the forests have been depleted in recent years, and the best farm areas are now owned by wealthy landowners. For this reason, some of the Yanadi work as hired farm hands.

Yenadi villages consist of low, cone-shaped huts built of bamboo and palm leaves, grass, or millet stalks, and smooth mud walls. The government has also supplied cement structures in some locations. Since the Yenadi generally eat, cook, and sleep outside, the huts' are built only as a protection from the sun and rain. Each village has a headman who is strongly respected and obeyed; his word is law.

The Yenadi diet includes rice eaten with vegetable soup, various wild greens, and other vegetables. Their food tends to be spicy. Meat is only eaten a few times a month. Wild pigs, rabbits, lizards, and rodents are eaten by those living near the forests.

The Yenadi have a freedom in marriage of which many other Hindu groups disapprove. For instance, separations are common and if someone wants to change his marriage partner, he is free to do so. The women seem to have more rights in choosing their husbands than do the typical rural, southern Indian women. A thin cord with a small pendant is worn around a married woman's neck. A toe ring is also worn on her second toe.

Education standards are low for the Yenadi. Only about one-tenth are literate. India's government has set up schools to increase the literacy rate. However, in some villages, this effort seems worthless, since even the teachers may fail to show up at the schools.

The Yenadi are friendly and are more open with their emotions than other groups in the area. Their special love for music and dance also makes them unique. Their favorite instruments are drums and small stringed instruments.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Yenadi are nearly all Hindu. They have pictures of their gods in their homes and small shrines are usually located in each village. Annual festivals are held in worship of their favorite gods. The gods supposedly favor some and dislike others, depending on whether or not a ritual or penance is done to the god's satisfaction. Good luck and fate are important to the Yenadi. Charms, amulets, and "lucky people" are believed to generate good fortune.


What Are Their Needs?

Better educational and housing facilities are needed. Perhaps Christian teachers and humanitarian aid workers will have open doors to reach the Yanadi.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Yenadi in India.

* Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to India and share Christ with the Yenadi.
* Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect missionaries that are trying to reach them.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Yenadi towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2012-08-01
People Name General Yenadi
People Name in Country Yenadi
World Population 672,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 13
Alternate Names Irlollu, Malauasi, Malavasi, Nakampadi, Villuwaru, Yadi, Yanadi, Yanati, Yenadis, Yenadri, Yendari, एनडी
People ID 18339
ROP3 Code 113891
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 21
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Andhra Pradesh
532,000
Tamil Nadu
87,000
Karnataka
21,000
Odisha
17,000
Maharashtra
4,500
Telangana
4,000
Kerala
1,800
Puducherry
1,600
West Bengal
1,100
Gujarat
400
Andaman and Nicobar
400
Chhattisgarh
300
Delhi
200
Assam
200
Madhya Pradesh
100
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 21  (only 20 largest shown)
  Andhra Pradesh 532,000
  Tamil Nadu 87,000
  Karnataka 21,000
  Odisha 17,000
  Maharashtra 4,500
  Telangana 4,000
  Kerala 1,800
  Puducherry 1,600
  West Bengal 1,100
  Gujarat 400
  Andaman and Nicobar 400
  Chhattisgarh 300
  Delhi 200
  Assam 200
  Madhya Pradesh 100
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Telugu (655,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil
16,000
Kannada
2,400
Hindi
200
Marathi
200
Urdu
100
Odia
100
Koya Malayalam Nepali
Gujarati English Gondi, Northern
Kui Konkani Bhili
Primary Language Telugu (655,000 speakers)
Language Code tel   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Tamil 16,000
  Kannada 2,400
  Hindi 200
  Marathi 200
  Urdu 100
  Odia 100
  Koya 10
  Malayalam 10
  Nepali 0
  Gujarati 0
  English 0
  Gondi, Northern 0
  Kui 0
  Konkani 0
  Bhili 0
People Groups Speaking Telugu

Primary Language:  Telugu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1854-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Telugu
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Telugu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Pearl of Great Price (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.81 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.90 %
Islam
0.13 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.15 %
Photo Source John Kless 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


Copyright © 2019 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.