Sonar (Sikh traditions) in India

The Sonar (Sikh traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 47 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Tetulia 37,000
Ahir 24,000
Bamariya 19,000
Mahavar 19,000
Arora 17,000
Baghelkhandi 16,000
Bari 16,000
Bundelkhandi 16,000
Sunar 16,000
Devanga 15,000

Introduction / History

The name of the community is derived from the word sona meaning gold, and the people who work with gold are called Sunar or Sonar. Traditionally they were goldsmiths, but with the availability of better educational facilities the Sonar have become inclined towards higher education leading to other lines of work. They claim their social status next to that of the Brahmin, but other communities might not agree. However, those who own jewelry stores are usually very wealthy. Most Sonar Sikhs live in Punjab, Haryana and Delhi although they also live in other parts of India. They speak Punjabi and Hindi and read and write in Gurmukhi.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Known for their work with gold and silver, the Sonars produce elaborate jewelry and ornaments, using precious and semi-precious stones. Others cut and polish diamonds. Typically, the Sonars own their own jewelry stores. Sonar gold jewelry is greatly sought after for weddings in India. Other Sonars are effective money-managers, wisely investing and saving money. Some wealthier Sonars become money lenders. They allow people to divorce and re-marry. Both sons and daughters inherit the property in the same amounts when the father dies, and the oldest son becomes the family head.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Though most Sonars are Hindu, there are Sikhs among them. Sikhs believe in one supreme God and they have their own holy book, the Guru Granth Sahib, which is mainly a collection of hymns of praise to God. The name of a Sikh child is given by them after reciting of the Sikh religious texts. In Haryana, Sikh marriages are performed around the Guru Granth Sahib which is the main religious literature of Sikhism.


What Are Their Needs?

Like all other people groups, the Sonars need the opportunity to become the children of the king of Kings and lord of Lords.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Sonar (Sikh traditions) in India.

* Pray for the Sikh Sonar community to be humble enough to acknowledge their need for forgiveness of sin, and that they understand the only provision for forgiveness that God has provided. * Pray for intercessors and workers to faithfully serve the Sikh Sonar community. * Pray for a powerful disciple making movement among the Sikh Sonar community.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Sonar (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Sonar (Sikh traditions)
Pronunciation so-NAR
Population this Country 189,000
Population all Countries 189,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Aksali; Ashraf; Chaudhari; Hemkar; Jangar; Jargar; Kamsala; Kapila; Khakhar; Khatri; Konkar; Maipotra; Mair; Niaria; Patni; Potdar; Sanur; Saraf; Sarat; Sharif; Sheriff; Soni; Soni Hahajan; Sonkar; Sunar; Suni; Sunia; Suniar; Suniyara; Suvarnakar; Swarankar; Swarnakar; Tank; Verma; Zagar; Zargur; सोनार (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18169
ROP3 Code 113681
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Sikh - other
People Group Sonar (Sikh traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 47 (only 15 largest shown)
  Tetulia 37,000
  Ahir 24,000
  Bamariya 19,000
  Mahavar 19,000
  Arora 17,000
  Baghelkhandi 16,000
  Bari 16,000
  Bundelkhandi 16,000
  Sunar 16,000
  Devanga 15,000
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Punjab
154,000
Haryana
10,000
Rajasthan
5,700
Delhi
5,100
Uttar Pradesh
4,600
Uttarakhand
2,100
Maharashtra
1,600
Madhya Pradesh
1,300
Jammu and Kashmir
1,100
Jharkhand
600
Chhattisgarh
600
Gujarat
500
Himachal Pradesh
500
Chandigarh
500
West Bengal
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Punjab 154,000
  Haryana 10,000
  Rajasthan 5,700
  Delhi 5,100
  Uttar Pradesh 4,600
  Uttarakhand 2,100
  Maharashtra 1,600
  Madhya Pradesh 1,300
  Jammu and Kashmir 1,100
  Jharkhand 600
  Chhattisgarh 600
  Gujarat 500
  Himachal Pradesh 500
  Chandigarh 500
  West Bengal 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (158,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
Hindi
24,000
Bagri
3,700
Marwari
800
Haryanvi
700
Dogri
100
Kumaoni
40
Kangri
30
Gujarati
20
Pahari-Potwari
20
Urdu Chhattisgarhi
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (158,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 12
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 24,000
  Bagri 3,700
  Marwari 800
  Haryanvi 700
  Dogri 100
  Kumaoni 40
  Kangri 30
  Gujarati 20
  Pahari-Potwari 20
  Urdu 10
  Chhattisgarhi 10
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2017)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Eyes of the Heart
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Eastern
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Satsung of the Sadguru Jesus
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Who Can Help You?
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ਪੰਜਾਬੀ - Panjabi
Text / Printed Matter Download scripture in this language
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Religion Subdivision: Sikhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
100.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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