Kumhar (Sikh traditions) in India

The Kumhar (Sikh traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Subgroups: 60 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Ahir Unknown
Atharia Unknown
Balde Unknown
Barendra Unknown
Bendar Unknown
Bhaindu Unknown
Bhullaipal Unknown
Biahut Unknown
Chag Bhaisa Unknown
Chakbais Unknown

Introduction / History

The word Kumhar means maker of pots. They are called by the name Kumar as well. Though most are Hindu or Muslim, there are Sikhs among them, scattered throughout northern India, especially in Punjab. They speak Punjabi and read and write in Gurmukhi and Devanagari.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kumhars make earthen pots as their main work. Some of their products are made out of ceramic clay or glass. They sell their goods to their neighbors. Some are in other work such as cultivation. They people practice adult marriages. They do not allow for divorce. Sons inherit the property when the father dies with the oldest son taking charge of the home.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Sikhism originated from a 15th century teacher named Guru Nanak Dev as a reform movement. He rejected the Hindu caste system, taught that all people were equal and that all have equal access to God. The Sikh God is formless, without gender and is to be found in everyone. One gets closer to God by living a good life and by practicing charity. Like Hindus, Sikhs believe in reincarnation and the law of karma; you reap what you sowed in your previous life. Like Muslims, the Sikhs worship only one God. One may recognize a Sikh man by his distinctive turban. All the 10 great Sikh gurus wore turbans as a sign of their submission to God. Sikh teaching mandates that a person not cut his or her hair. They worship their holy book, the Granth Sahib, which is a collection of hymns.


What Are Their Needs?

Sikh Kumhars can use new markets for their products. This would allow them to earn enough money to provide the next generation with higher education and a better life.


Prayer Points

Pray that Indian followers of Christ to will introduce the Sikh Kumhars to Jesus Christ. Pray for a powerful disciple making movement among the Sikh Kumhars this decade. Pray that many Sikh Kumhar people will have a passionate love for Jesus Christ leading them to tell the story of His glory to others.


Scripture Prayers for the Kumhar (Sikh traditions) in India.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Kumhar (Sikh traditions)
People Name in Country Kumhar (Sikh traditions)
Pronunciation koom-HAR
Alternate Names Ahitant; Aiton; Ghatakarpur; Ghumiar; Ghurmar; Handa Kummar; Kalam Chettiar; Kir; Kulala; Kulalar; Kumar; Kumbaran; Kumbarar; Kumbhakar; Kumbhar; Kummara; Kummaravallu; Kumore; Kumrao; Kusavan; Kusavar; Kusawan; Kuyavar; Langotra; Lehri; Maru; Moolya; Narhia; Paul; Prajapat; Prajapati; Rudrabans; Rudrapal; Salivahana; Sohal; Takopatil; Wadiyar; कुम्हार (सिख ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 358,000
Population all Countries 358,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 7
People ID 18126
ROP3 Code 113632
ROP25 Code 304371
ROP25 Name Kumhar
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Sikh - other
People Group Kumhar (Sikh traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 60 (only 15 largest shown)
  Ahir 0
  Atharia 0
  Balde 0
  Barendra 0
  Bendar 0
  Bhaindu 0
  Bhullaipal 0
  Biahut 0
  Chag Bhaisa 0
  Chakbais 0
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 22
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Punjab
293,000
Haryana
19,000
Rajasthan
10,000
Delhi
9,900
Uttar Pradesh
8,400
Uttarakhand
3,700
Maharashtra
3,500
Jammu and Kashmir
1,700
Chandigarh
1,000
Himachal Pradesh
800
Chhattisgarh
700
West Bengal
700
Jharkhand
700
Gujarat
700
Bihar
300
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 22  (only 20 largest shown)
  Punjab 293,000
  Haryana 19,000
  Rajasthan 10,000
  Delhi 9,900
  Uttar Pradesh 8,400
  Uttarakhand 3,700
  Maharashtra 3,500
  Jammu and Kashmir 1,700
  Chandigarh 1,000
  Himachal Pradesh 800
  Chhattisgarh 700
  West Bengal 700
  Jharkhand 700
  Gujarat 700
  Bihar 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Other / Small
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
100.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (255,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
Hindi
36,000
Bagri
5,300
Haryanvi
1,100
Marwari (India)
400
Kumaoni
200
Kangri
100
Shekhawati
90
Garhwali
80
Bengali
40
Bilaspuri
20
Dogri
20
Bhojpuri
20
Mandeali
Primary Language Punjabi, Eastern (255,000 speakers)
Language Code pan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 14
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 36,000
  Bagri 5,300
  Haryanvi 1,100
  Marwari (India) 400
  Kumaoni 200
  Kangri 100
  Shekhawati 90
  Garhwali 80
  Bengali 40
  Bilaspuri 20
  Dogri 20
  Bhojpuri 20
  Mandeali 10
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Eastern

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Eastern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1954)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1815-2011)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1959-2021)
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Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
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Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources One Hope
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Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2024  Aqib Yasin - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Keith Carey 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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