Saini (Hindu traditions) in India

The Saini (Hindu traditions) have only been reported in India
Population
709,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Saini of India live in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, the Punjab, Chandigarh and in Delhi. They are also called Mali. They are in agriculture and horticulture by tradition.

The Saini speak in the languages of the states where they live. They read and write in Devanagari In Himachal Pradesh, the Punjab, Chandigarh and Delhi, they speak mainly Punjabi and read and write in Gurumukhi. They also speak in Hindi.

The main work of the Saini is crop farming and also the management of farm animals is important to them in earning a living. In some states they are gardeners. Most are landowners but in Haryana most lease their land for cultivation of it. More are now becoming shopkeepers like having grocery shops, others have small manufacturing businesses and others have government jobs. Some of the Saini are notable scientists, professors and work in defense.

The Saini have a good literacy level. They have their own education organizations too. They use modern medicine as well as local and they do family planning.

The Saini are endogamous which means they marry only in social boundaries. They do marry among clans and between villages. Adult marriages through agreement by discussion is the usual way. Monogamy is usual but polygamy is allowed in case the mother cannot have children. A dowry is given. Divorce does not happen often but is allowed. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. Property is inherited through the male lineage only and all sons get the same with the oldest son becoming in charge of the home.

The Saini women as well as doing the housework help on the family farms for example. Women who are educated work for government and private organizations. They also take part in religious and social matters.

The Saini have their own assemblies that see to the needs of the people. They settle family and land problems and cases involving divorce and adultery for example.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Saini follow the Hindu religion and they worship the main Hindu gods and goddesses. They believe in exorcisms. The Saini celebrate festivals such as Diwali and Holi. They particularly regard Shoorsain Jayanti which is the birthday of King Shoorsain, on the 22nd. of December each year. They worship ancestors too.

They cremate their dead and get rid of the ashes in a river with the Ganges at Haridwar being the favorite one. Brahmin priests do the lifetime rituals.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/saini/


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-24
People Name General Saini (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Saini (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 709,000
World Population 709,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 14
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bogar, Deswali, Mali, Phulmali, Sain, Sainsar, Sani, Sanin, Saniyar, Sayani, Shurasaini, Shursaini, सैनी (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17998
ROP3 Code 113490
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Saini (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups on file 6
Largest Subgroups
Bhagirathi
106,000
Gole
29,000
Bahenia
22,000
Bagri
1,200
Deshwali
1,200
Phulmali
200
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Saini (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups 6
  Bhagirathi 106,000
  Gole 29,000
  Bahenia 22,000
  Bagri 1,200
  Deshwali 1,200
  Phulmali 200
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 11
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
300,000
Haryana
183,000
Punjab
111,000
Uttarakhand
79,000
Himachal Pradesh
24,000
Chandigarh
4,800
Rajasthan
3,100
Delhi
2,700
Gujarat
1,000
Odisha
500
Karnataka
40
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 11
  Uttar Pradesh 300,000
  Haryana 183,000
  Punjab 111,000
  Uttarakhand 79,000
  Himachal Pradesh 24,000
  Chandigarh 4,800
  Rajasthan 3,100
  Delhi 2,700
  Gujarat 1,000
  Odisha 500
  Karnataka 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (540,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Punjabi, Eastern
126,000
Haryanvi
20,000
Garhwali
9,400
Mandeali
3,400
Kangri
2,100
Pahari, Mahasu
2,100
Bagri
1,300
Bilaspuri
1,000
Gujarati
500
Odia
400
Kumaoni
400
Bhojpuri
300
Sirmauri
200
Awadhi
200
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (540,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Punjabi, Eastern 126,000
  Haryanvi 20,000
  Garhwali 9,400
  Mandeali 3,400
  Kangri 2,100
  Pahari, Mahasu 2,100
  Bagri 1,300
  Bilaspuri 1,000
  Gujarati 500
  Odia 400
  Kumaoni 400
  Bhojpuri 300
  Sirmauri 200
  Awadhi 200
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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