Saini (Hindu traditions) in India

Joshua Project has identified the Saini (Hindu traditions) only in India
Population
754,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Saini of India live in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh, Haryana, Rajasthan, the Punjab, Chandigarh and in Delhi. They are also called Mali. They are in agriculture and horticulture by tradition.

The Saini speak in the languages of the states where they live. They read and write in Devanagari In Himachal Pradesh, the Punjab, Chandigarh and Delhi, they speak mainly Punjabi and read and write in Gurumukhi. They also speak in Hindi.

The main work of the Saini is crop farming and also the management of farm animals is important to them in earning a living. In some states they are gardeners. Most are landowners but in Haryana most lease their land for cultivation of it. More are now becoming shopkeepers like having grocery shops, others have small manufacturing businesses and others have government jobs. Some of the Saini are notable scientists, professors and work in defense.

The Saini have a good literacy level. They have their own education organizations too. They use modern medicine as well as local and they do family planning.

The Saini are endogamous which means they marry only in social boundaries. They do marry among clans and between villages. Adult marriages through agreement by discussion is the usual way. Monogamy is usual but polygamy is allowed in case the mother cannot have children. A dowry is given. Divorce does not happen often but is allowed. Divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. Property is inherited through the male lineage only and all sons get the same with the oldest son becoming in charge of the home.

The Saini women as well as doing the housework help on the family farms for example. Women who are educated work for government and private organizations. They also take part in religious and social matters.

The Saini have their own assemblies that see to the needs of the people. They settle family and land problems and cases involving divorce and adultery for example.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Most of the Saini follow the Hindu religion and they worship the main Hindu gods and goddesses. They believe in exorcisms. The Saini celebrate festivals such as Diwali and Holi. They particularly regard Shoorsain Jayanti which is the birthday of King Shoorsain, on the 22nd. of December each year. They worship ancestors too.

They cremate their dead and get rid of the ashes in a river with the Ganges at Haridwar being the favorite one. Brahmin priests do the lifetime rituals.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/saini/


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-05
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-11
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-24
People Name General Saini (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Saini (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 754,000
World Population 754,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 16 to 19
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bogar, Deswali, Mali, Phulmali, Sain, Sainsar, Sani, Sanin, Saniyar, Sayani, Shurasaini, Shursaini, सैनी (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17998
ROP3 Code 113490
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 11
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
(319,000)
Haryana
(195,000)
Punjab
(118,000)
Uttarakhand
(84,000)
Himachal Pradesh
(26,000)
Chandigarh
(5,100)
Rajasthan
(3,300)
Delhi
(2,800)
Gujarat
(1,100)
Odisha
(500)
Karnataka
(60)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 11
  Uttar Pradesh (319,000)
  Haryana (195,000)
  Punjab (118,000)
  Uttarakhand (84,000)
  Himachal Pradesh (26,000)
  Chandigarh (5,100)
  Rajasthan (3,300)
  Delhi (2,800)
  Gujarat (1,100)
  Odisha (500)
  Karnataka (60)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (540,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
Punjabi, Eastern
(126,000)
Haryanvi
(20,000)
Garhwali
(9,400)
Mandeali
(3,400)
Kangri
(2,100)
Pahari, Mahasu
(2,100)
Bagri
(1,300)
Bilaspuri
(1,000)
Gujarati
(500)
Odia
(400)
Kumaoni
(400)
Bhojpuri
(300)
Sirmauri
(200)
Awadhi
(200)
People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (540,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 15
Secondary Languages
  Punjabi, Eastern (126,000)
  Haryanvi (20,000)
  Garhwali (9,400)
  Mandeali (3,400)
  Kangri (2,100)
  Pahari, Mahasu (2,100)
  Bagri (1,300)
  Bilaspuri (1,000)
  Gujarati (500)
  Odia (400)
  Kumaoni (400)
  Bhojpuri (300)
  Sirmauri (200)
  Awadhi (200)
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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