Pulayan (Hindu traditions) in India

Joshua Project has identified the Pulayan (Hindu traditions) only in India
Population
1,466,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Pollution. The word brings to mind landfills, garbage dumps, raw sewage pouring into the ocean, a haze of smog hanging over a city. Webster's Dictionary defines pollution as something which is foul, unclean, tainted, or contaminated.

The Pulayan people of the Kerala and Tamil Nadu states of India know a lot about this word. Their name is derived from pula, which means pollution. And as members of the bottom Dalit rung of Hindu society, they are often treated like trash.

Along with most other Dalits, the Pulayans are landless. Many are engaged as agricultural laborers, serving higher caste landowners without significant pay.

Their economic status parallels their spiritual state. The Pulayans are enslaved by a host of false gods, including Mankombu Bhagwati, Siva, Vishnu, and Ayyappa.

The Pulayans are known to be talented craftsmen and basket makers. They also have a tradition of oral storytelling and folk songs. When they are not working to please their landlords, they enjoy singing and dancing to the music of drums and stringed instruments.


Prayer Points

* Pray for God to change the identity of the Pulayans from "people of pollution" to "people of Light and Life."
* Ask Him to set them free from the social and economic bondage of being Dalits, as well as the spiritual chains of Hinduism.
* Pray for these agricultural laborers to be open to the gospel, to begin seeking to please the Lord Jesus Christ, and to respond with singing and dancing to God's Kingdom.


Profile Source:   Global Prayer Digest 

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-10
People Name General Pulayan (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Pulayan (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 1,466,000
World Population 1,466,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 30 to 34
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Cheramar, Christian, Malaipulayan, Pulayan, पुलयन (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17911
ROP3 Code 113392
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 13
Largest States
Kerala
(1,305,000)
Tamil Nadu
(136,000)
Karnataka
(17,000)
Delhi
(2,000)
Puducherry
(1,700)
Andhra Pradesh
(1,500)
Maharashtra
(1,500)
Goa
(400)
Gujarat
(300)
Chandigarh
(300)
Telangana
(200)
Odisha
(200)
Andaman and Nicobar
(100)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 13
  Kerala (1,305,000)
  Tamil Nadu (136,000)
  Karnataka (17,000)
  Delhi (2,000)
  Puducherry (1,700)
  Andhra Pradesh (1,500)
  Maharashtra (1,500)
  Goa (400)
  Gujarat (300)
  Chandigarh (300)
  Telangana (200)
  Odisha (200)
  Andaman and Nicobar (100)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Malayalam (1,244,000 speakers)
Language Code mal   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
Tamil
(156,000)
Tulu
(4,900)
Konkani, Goan
(1,500)
Kannada
(1,100)
Telugu Konkani
People Groups Speaking Malayalam
Primary Language Malayalam (1,244,000 speakers)
Language Code mal   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
  Tamil (156,000)
  Tulu (4,900)
  Konkani, Goan (1,500)
  Kannada (1,100)
  Telugu (10)
  Konkani
People Groups Speaking Malayalam

Primary Language:  Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1811-1968)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1829-1995)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1841-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible-in-Your-Language
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Global Prayer Digest 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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