Pardhi in India

The Pardhi have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 16 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Pardhi Raj 42,000
Bahelia 19,000
Phanse 11,000
Haranshikari 2,900
Takari 2,900
Chanchar 2,700
Chigarigar 2,700
Ghatole 2,300
Moghia 1,300
Pal 1,300

Introduction / History

The Pardhi Bhil are a migrant people, scattered over a wide area of central India in the states of Andrah Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Maharashtra. Their language, Pardhi, is one of the Bhil languages. Their name is derived from the Marathi word paradh, which means "hunting."

Long ago, the prosperity of Gujarat state enticed people of surrounding states and made it a target of various Muslim tribes. The Islamic rulers reached their greatest power under the Monghal dynasty and overtook the Gujarat kingdom by the end of the thirteenth century. However, the Hindu Maratha fought the Monghals and also established an empire in Gujarat. Apparently, the Pardhi came under Maratha influence at that time. As these groups continued warring over the Gujarat territory, the British rose to power by 1817. The Pardhi were scattered into other areas, taking whatever jobs were available. Today, the Pardhi Bhil consist of many distinctive sub-groups.

Pardhis are of two types, one is Phasse Pardhi and another is Gaon Pardhi. Phasse Pardhi are basically involved in hunting and Gaon(villlage) Pardhis are involved with in stone work. Originally Phasse Pardhis were located in Gujurat, Madhya Pradesh and Maharashtra. Gaon Pardhis are basically from Rajasthan. They are followers of Maharana Pratap. When Maharana Pratap died these peoples suffered a great deal. They migrated to Maharashtra and started works like stone brugging and farming. Gaon Pardhis are found mostly in Vidarbha region of Maharashtra and in districts like Buldana, Akola and Amravati. Now most of Gaon Pardhis are educated and some have become doctors and enginners also. Gaon Pardhis are strong followers of Maharana Pratap and Godess Devi.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Pardhi are a rather unusual people in comparison the surrounding Bhil tribes. Because of their refusal to become a part of the caste system, they are a predominantly isolated group. They prefer hunting, begging, or even stealing for a living, rather than submitting to a social system that they consider demeaning and degrading. Those who make a living by thievery steal items that they can trade or sell, as well as standing crops for food.

Many of the Pardhi Bhil live scattered throughout the Bombay region. They have become a wandering tribe of game and bird hunters, living in primitive huts that are made of mud and sticks. Those who live in Kutch, (northwestern Gujarat), enjoy catching snakes, and many of them have become snake charmers. Many Pardhi groups make and sell baskets, while others make black-stone vessels.

Features that distinguish the various Pardhi groups from one another are somewhat unusual. Some groups hunt with traps and snares. Others travel from village to village and chisel household grinding stones. The Chitewala hunt with tamed leopards, and the Thanknkar and Langoti have very strong criminal tendencies. Some of the Pardhi groups sell oil from crocodiles, perform monkey shows, or kill only birds that are black. These are but a few of the peculiarities that distinguish these varying groups.

As is the practice of most Bhil tribes, the Pardhi marry only within their own sub-groups. Their places in society range from the most primitive tribes to those who hunt with firearms.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of the Pardhi practice ethnic religions. They are firm believers in the spirit world and its influence on the physical world. They worship millions of gods and goddesses in their houses. These deities must be worshipped and appeased in various ways.

Though the vast majority of the Pardhi do adhere to the folk beliefs and traditional religions that have permeated their culture for centuries, there has been some Hindu influence among them. There are more adherents to Hinduism than to Christianity, with very few professing Christians.

In spite of their traditional beliefs, there have been several interesting manifestations of the Spirit of God among them. One tribesman told this story: "A village priest talks about white people from another part of the world who will come and tell the village people about the real God...the priest says we must follow him." When missionaries first arrived to the Pardhi, that priest and his family immediately became followers of Jesus Christ.


What Are Their Needs?

It is evident that God has prepared the way for this people, and now they need missionaries to teach them about the true God. They are wanderers, like the people of Israel, who need to find lasting security in Jesus Christ.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Pardhi in India.

* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will break up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Pray that the Lord will call people to India to share Christ with the Pardhi Bhil.
* Ask God to encourage and protect the few known Pardhi Christians.
* Pray that God will give these believers boldness to share Christ with their own people.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Pardhi towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Pardhi
People Name in Country Pardhi
World Population 352,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 7
Alternate Names Advichincher, Aran Pardhi, Bagri, Bahelia, Gaon Pardhi, Jogi Shikari, Jugaria, Mogia, Nahar, Nirshikari, Paradhi, Pardhi Nahar, Parhi, Parhi Nahar, Paria, Parthi, Phanadi, Phanse Pardhi, Phansi Pardhi, Phasse, Pittalollu, Raj Pardhi, Shikari, Tarakan, Valand, पर्धी
People ID 17847
ROP3 Code 113321
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Marathi-Konkani
People Group Pardhi
Ethnic Code CNN25j
Total Subgroups 16 (only 15 largest shown)
  Pardhi Raj 42,000
  Bahelia 19,000
  Phanse 11,000
  Haranshikari 2,900
  Takari 2,900
  Chanchar 2,700
  Chigarigar 2,700
  Ghatole 2,300
  Moghia 1,300
  Pal 1,300
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 13
Largest States
Maharashtra
223,000
Telangana
48,000
Madhya Pradesh
26,000
Chhattisgarh
15,000
Odisha
13,000
Gujarat
12,000
Karnataka
11,000
Kerala
2,200
Andhra Pradesh
900
Rajasthan
200
Daman and Diu
40
Goa
30
Dadra and Nagar Have
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 13
  Maharashtra 223,000
  Telangana 48,000
  Madhya Pradesh 26,000
  Chhattisgarh 15,000
  Odisha 13,000
  Gujarat 12,000
  Karnataka 11,000
  Kerala 2,200
  Andhra Pradesh 900
  Rajasthan 200
  Daman and Diu 40
  Goa 30
  Dadra and Nagar Have 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Pardhi (164,000 speakers)
Language Code pcl   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 38
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Marathi
86,000
Hindi
26,000
Bhili
20,000
Odia
11,000
Gujarati
10,000
Khandesi
7,000
Telugu
6,600
Kacchi
5,200
Kannada
4,900
Halbi
3,100
Chhattisgarhi
3,100
Ahirani
2,300
Konkani
1,600
Gondi, Northern
1,000
Nimadi
500
Primary Language Pardhi (164,000 speakers)
Language Code pcl   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 38
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Marathi 86,000
  Hindi 26,000
  Bhili 20,000
  Odia 11,000
  Gujarati 10,000
  Khandesi 7,000
  Telugu 6,600
  Kacchi 5,200
  Kannada 4,900
  Halbi 3,100
  Chhattisgarhi 3,100
  Ahirani 2,300
  Konkani 1,600
  Gondi, Northern 1,000
  Nimadi 500
People Groups Speaking Pardhi

Primary Language:  Pardhi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1999)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Pardhi
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.19 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.06 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.89 %
Islam
0.40 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.04 %
Unknown
0.42 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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