Paraiyan in India


Population
3,085,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Paraiyan of India are also called Parayan. It has been said that Paraiyan is a Tamil word meaning drums and comes from the word Parai. They play the drums at weddings and other occasions too. They are Hindus by religion.

In Tamil Nadu, the Paraiyan speak in Tamil. They are small to medium in size. They are not vegetarians and they eat beef and pork as well as other meats. Rice is a main cereal with them. Marriages with cousins are favored. They live off the land and cultivation is their main work. The women help with agriculture. They believe in education. Traditional and modern medicines are used as well as family planning.

The Paraiyan in Kerala have migrated from Tamil Nadu. They do basket work, agricultural work and play the drums. Perakuttu is one of their Hindu gods. They believe in having their children educated.

In Pondicherry, as with the other Paraiya, about a third of them can read and write. The gospel may need to be given in oral form also. The Paraiyan also live in the state of Karnataka.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God gives the Paraiyan dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that gospel materials will bring them to Jesus Christ.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Paraiyan
People Name in Country Paraiyan
Population in India 3,085,000
World Population 3,204,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Christian Adi Dravida, Parayan, Parayan Christian, Pariah, Pariya, Samban, Sambar, Sambavan, Sambavar, Sambavar Christian, Veppur Parayan, परैयाँ
People ID 17844
ROP3 Code 113318
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Paraiyan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups on file 24
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Katti
63,000
Amma
52,000
Sozhia
52,000
Pullanji
38,000
Chakkali
37,000
Param
37,000
Koliyan
28,000
Tangalan
22,000
Padiparayan
19,000
Vemparayan
19,000
Natuvili
15,000
Kizhakkatti
11,000
Konga
11,000
Korava
4,300
Pacchai
4,300
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Paraiyan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 24 (only 15 largest shown)
  Katti 63,000
  Amma 52,000
  Sozhia 52,000
  Pullanji 38,000
  Chakkali 37,000
  Param 37,000
  Koliyan 28,000
  Tangalan 22,000
  Padiparayan 19,000
  Vemparayan 19,000
  Natuvili 15,000
  Kizhakkatti 11,000
  Konga 11,000
  Korava 4,300
  Pacchai 4,300
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 25
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
2,557,000
Kerala
410,000
Andhra Pradesh
49,000
Puducherry
31,000
Maharashtra
16,000
Delhi
6,400
Telangana
4,600
Karnataka
4,400
Haryana
1,600
Madhya Pradesh
800
Gujarat
800
West Bengal
600
Andaman and Nicobar
600
Uttar Pradesh
400
Chhattisgarh
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 25  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 2,557,000
  Kerala 410,000
  Andhra Pradesh 49,000
  Puducherry 31,000
  Maharashtra 16,000
  Delhi 6,400
  Telangana 4,600
  Karnataka 4,400
  Haryana 1,600
  Madhya Pradesh 800
  Gujarat 800
  West Bengal 600
  Andaman and Nicobar 600
  Uttar Pradesh 400
  Chhattisgarh 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (2,706,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
362,000
Telugu
14,000
English
3,200
Konkani
2,300
Kannada
800
Tulu
100
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (2,706,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 362,000
  Telugu 14,000
  English 3,200
  Konkani 2,300
  Kannada 800
  Tulu 100
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.03 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
25.73 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
74.23 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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