Paraiyan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 24 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Katti 63,000
Amma 52,000
Sozhia 52,000
Pullanji 38,000
Chakkali 37,000
Param 37,000
Koliyan 28,000
Tangalan 22,000
Padiparayan 19,000
Vemparayan 19,000

Introduction / History

The Paraiyan of India are also called Parayan. It has been said that Paraiyan is a Tamil word meaning drums and comes from the word Parai. They play the drums at weddings and other occasions too. They are Hindus by religion.

In Tamil Nadu, the Paraiyan speak in Tamil. They are small to medium in size. They are not vegetarians and they eat beef and pork as well as other meats. Rice is a main cereal with them. Marriages with cousins are favored. They live off the land and cultivation is their main work. The women help with agriculture. They believe in education. Traditional and modern medicines are used as well as family planning.

The Paraiyan in Kerala have migrated from Tamil Nadu. They do basket work, agricultural work and play the drums. Perakuttu is one of their Hindu gods. They believe in having their children educated.

In Pondicherry, as with the other Paraiya, about a third of them can read and write. The gospel may need to be given in oral form also. The Paraiyan also live in the state of Karnataka.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God gives the Paraiyan dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that gospel materials will bring them to Jesus Christ.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Paraiyan
People Name in Country Paraiyan
World Population 3,211,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Christian Adi Dravida, Parayan, Parayan Christian, Pariah, Pariya, Samban, Sambar, Sambavan, Sambavar, Sambavar Christian, Veppur Parayan, परैयाँ
People ID 17844
ROP3 Code 113318
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Paraiyan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 24 (only 15 largest shown)
  Katti 63,000
  Amma 52,000
  Sozhia 52,000
  Pullanji 38,000
  Chakkali 37,000
  Param 37,000
  Koliyan 28,000
  Tangalan 22,000
  Padiparayan 19,000
  Vemparayan 19,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 25
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
2,562,000
Kerala
411,000
Andhra Pradesh
49,000
Puducherry
31,000
Maharashtra
17,000
Delhi
6,400
Telangana
4,700
Karnataka
4,400
Haryana
1,600
Madhya Pradesh
800
Gujarat
800
West Bengal
600
Andaman and Nicobar
600
Uttar Pradesh
400
Chhattisgarh
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 25  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 2,562,000
  Kerala 411,000
  Andhra Pradesh 49,000
  Puducherry 31,000
  Maharashtra 17,000
  Delhi 6,400
  Telangana 4,700
  Karnataka 4,400
  Haryana 1,600
  Madhya Pradesh 800
  Gujarat 800
  West Bengal 600
  Andaman and Nicobar 600
  Uttar Pradesh 400
  Chhattisgarh 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (2,704,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
362,000
Telugu
14,000
English
3,000
Konkani
2,300
Kannada
800
Tulu
100
Primary Language Tamil (2,704,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 362,000
  Telugu 14,000
  English 3,000
  Konkani 2,300
  Kannada 800
  Tulu 100
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.04 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
25.68 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
74.27 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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