Paraiyan in India

Joshua Project has identified the Paraiyan only in India
Population
3,282,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Paraiyan of India are also called Parayan. It has been said that Paraiyan is a Tamil word meaning drums and comes from the word Parai. They play the drums at weddings and other occasions too. They are Hindus by religion.

In Tamil Nadu, the Paraiyan speak in Tamil. They are small to medium in size. They are not vegetarians and they eat beef and pork as well as other meats. Rice is a main cereal with them. Marriages with cousins are favored. They live off the land and cultivation is their main work. The women help with agriculture. They believe in education. Traditional and modern medicines are used as well as family planning.

The Paraiyan in Kerala have migrated from Tamil Nadu. They do basket work, agricultural work and play the drums. Perakuttu is one of their Hindu gods. They believe in having their children educated.

In Pondicherry, as with the other Paraiya, about a third of them can read and write. The gospel may need to be given in oral form also. The Paraiyan also live in the state of Karnataka.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God gives the Paraiyan dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that gospel materials will bring them to Jesus Christ.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Paraiyan
People Name in Country Paraiyan
Population in India 3,282,000
World Population 3,282,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 4  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Christian Adi Dravida, Parayan, Parayan Christian, Pariah, Pariya, Samban, Sambar, Sambavan, Sambavar, Sambavar Christian, Veppur Parayan, परैयाँ
People ID 17844
ROP3 Code 113318
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 25
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
(2,720,000)
Kerala
(436,000)
Andhra Pradesh
(52,000)
Puducherry
(33,000)
Maharashtra
(18,000)
Delhi
(6,800)
Telangana
(5,100)
Karnataka
(4,700)
Haryana
(1,700)
Madhya Pradesh
(900)
Gujarat
(800)
West Bengal
(600)
Andaman and Nicobar
(600)
Uttar Pradesh
(400)
Chhattisgarh
(400)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 25  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu (2,720,000)
  Kerala (436,000)
  Andhra Pradesh (52,000)
  Puducherry (33,000)
  Maharashtra (18,000)
  Delhi (6,800)
  Telangana (5,100)
  Karnataka (4,700)
  Haryana (1,700)
  Madhya Pradesh (900)
  Gujarat (800)
  West Bengal (600)
  Andaman and Nicobar (600)
  Uttar Pradesh (400)
  Chhattisgarh (400)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (2,706,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
(362,000)
Telugu
(14,000)
English
(3,200)
Konkani
(2,300)
Kannada
(800)
Tulu
(100)
People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (2,706,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam (362,000)
  Telugu (14,000)
  English (3,200)
  Konkani (2,300)
  Kannada (800)
  Tulu (100)
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Gods Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.03 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
25.72 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
74.25 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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