Naikda in India

The Naikda have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 3

Subgroup Name Population
Cholamala 34,000
Aduvi Unknown
Ur Unknown

Introduction / History

The Naikda or Nayaka of west and south India are a Scheduled tribal people. Scheduled people get special help by the Indian government in education, business and employment. The Naikda are among the original Dravidian inhabitants of the regions of India they now live. They were hunter-gatherers of the forest until the time of the British administration. The Naikdas cleared wooded areas and became agricultural workers. Some owned land and others did not own land.

Both in 1858 and 1868 the Naikdas rebelled against British rule. As more and more non-tribal peoples moved into the their land, the mostly illiterate Naikdas lost ownership of their lands and forest resources. They attacked local police stations and government buildings in protest.

The Naidkas speak Kannada, Gujarati and Telugu as well as other regional languages.


Where Are they Located?

Most Naikdas live in the Indian states of Karnataka and Gujarat. Others live in the states of the Maharashtra, Telangana and Rajasthan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most Naikdas live as agricultural workers in rural areas. Most do not have electricity and indoor plumbing. Some work as woodcutters or have migrated to the cities to labor as unskilled persons in factories to send home money to their families. Men hunt in the forest to obtain meat and animal skins to sell. By Indian standards the Naikdas are some of the poorest people in the nation.

The main foods of the Naikdas are rice, millet and wheat. Seasonal vegetables also make up he bulk of their diet. They do eat meat except beef when it is available which is not the norm.

Families and clans arrange marriages. Both adult and child marriage is practiced. Marriage of cousins is common. The groom lives with or near his parents' home. Sons inherit property but daughters do if there are no sons in a family.

Since the Naikdas are a tribal people and for the most part illiterate, they are looked down upon by most other groups in Indian society. Alcohol consumption is a common among the Naikdas.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Naikdas consider themselves to be Hindus. They also practice folk religion and animism, the belief that spirits in habit the various parts of nature. Some Naikdas use Brahman priests in life rituals like weddings, births and death. Others use local elders and village priests.
The Naikdas worship the Hindu gods, Brahma, Shiva, Rama, Krishna, Hanuman and Kali. They participate in the traditional Hindu holidays such as Holi, the festival of color, and Diwali, the celebration of lights. Married women observe Divaso. This holiday is dedicated to Goddess Parvati and is observed for a happy and prosperous family life.


What Are Their Needs?

The Naikdas need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see themselves as sinners in need of a Savior. A particular need for this tribal people is for Christian schools and teachers.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord of the harvest sends Christian workers and teachers to this needy people.
* Pray that Christian agencies do more to alleviate the poverty of the Naikdas.
* Pray that the Lord raises up Bible-believing churches in the Naikda community.


References

https://trti.gujarat.gov.in/naikda


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Naikda
People Name in Country Naikda
Population in India 3,806,000
World Population 3,806,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 76
Alternate Names Beda, Cholvala, Kapadia, Katkari, Naika, Naikpod, Naikpollu, Nayak, Nayaka, Padma Naik, Palegar, Pandava Nayak, Panwala, Parivara, Patel, Ramoshi, Tambel, Valmiki, नैकड़ा
People ID 17786
ROP3 Code 113250
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Karnataka
3,298,000
Gujarat
460,000
Maharashtra
22,000
Telangana
12,000
Rajasthan
8,500
Andhra Pradesh
1,900
Madhya Pradesh
1,300
Delhi
1,000
Goa
400
Dadra and Nagar Have
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Karnataka 3,298,000
  Gujarat 460,000
  Maharashtra 22,000
  Telangana 12,000
  Rajasthan 8,500
  Andhra Pradesh 1,900
  Madhya Pradesh 1,300
  Delhi 1,000
  Goa 400
  Dadra and Nagar Have 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Kannada (2,885,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 34
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Gujarati
449,000
Telugu
381,000
Marathi
31,000
Tulu
17,000
Tamil
16,000
Hindi
14,000
Bhili
3,800
Marwari
2,800
Kacchi
2,600
Malayalam
1,300
Konkani
900
Shekhawati
800
Urdu
700
Punjabi, Eastern
500
Bagri
500
Primary Language Kannada (2,885,000 speakers)
Language Code kan   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 34
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Gujarati 449,000
  Telugu 381,000
  Marathi 31,000
  Tulu 17,000
  Tamil 16,000
  Hindi 14,000
  Bhili 3,800
  Marwari 2,800
  Kacchi 2,600
  Malayalam 1,300
  Konkani 900
  Shekhawati 800
  Urdu 700
  Punjabi, Eastern 500
  Bagri 500
People Groups Speaking Kannada

Primary Language:  Kannada

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1812-1988)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1823-1995)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1831-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Kannada
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kannada
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ಕನ್ನಡ - Kannada
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter International Bible Society
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.08 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.36 %
Islam
0.23 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.03 %
Unknown
0.30 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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