Sonar (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Muslim Sonar people have their roots in Hindu mythology. According to the legend, Sonars are the descendants of the youngest of five sons created by the Hindu god Vishnu's incarnation, Vishwakarama. The first Sonar was used by the goddess Devi to destroy a giant demon who was made of gold. This Sonar convinced this vain demon that he would look better if he were polished, a process which involved being melted down, and ultimately destroyed.

Most of the Sonar are Hindu, but they also have a sizable Muslim community, especially in Pakistan. There is also a Sikh Sonar community. In total they have 52 clans or gotras.


Where Are they Located?

Most Muslim Sonars are in Pakistan, though there are some in India. There are far more Hindu Sonars than Muslim ones.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Sonars are either goldsmiths, which makes them artisans, or gold merchants, which is even more lucrative. It is very common in South Asia for a bride to be given a large amount of gold jewelry as part of the dowry. This ensures a regular market for these goods. Yet every merchant, even those who sell goods that everyone wants, must be able to run a business well, or they can lose everything they invested. Though they are associated with the gold trade, the Sonars also deal with silver and diamonds. Others are money-lenders who are noted for lending to the poorer communities.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Muslim Sonar people are Sunni, the largest branch of Islam. They believe that the One, Supreme God, Allah, spoken through his prophet, Mohammed, and taught mankind how to live a righteous life through the Koran and the Hadith. To live a righteous life, you must utter the Shahada (a statement of faith), pray five times a day facing Mecca, fast from sunup to sundown during the month of Ramadan, give alms to the poor, and make a pilgrimage to Mecca if you have the means. Muslims are prohibited from drinking alcohol, eating pork, gambling, stealing, slandering, and making idols. They gather for corporate prayer on Friday afternoons at a mosque, their place of worship.

The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham’s willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah.

In most of the Muslim world, peoples like the Sonar depend on the spirit world for their daily needs since they regard Allah as too distant. Allah may determine their eternal salvation, but the spirits determine how well we live in our daily lives. For that reason, they must appease the spirits. The often use charms and amulets to help them with spiritual forces.


What Are Their Needs?

The Sonar people, be they Hindu or Muslim, need to put their faith in Jesus Christ, the only one who can bless them with abundant life and eternal salvation from sin and death.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Sonar (Muslim traditions) in India.

* Pray for workers to go to the Sonar Muslims, and for their hearts to be ready to receive their savior.
* Pray for networks of believing families and fellowships that will throw the doors open for others to follow Jesus.
* Pray for the Lord to bless the families among the Sonar people with His presence and mercy.
* Pray for believers among this people group to disciple others who will disciple still others.
* Pray for Bible believing fellowships and churches among the Sonar people.


References

https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17684/IN
https://joshuaproject.net/people_groups/17684/PK
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sunar
http://www.globalprayerdigest.org/index.php/issue/day/Sonar-Goldsmiths/
https://www.quora.com/Sunar-Goldsmith-is-backward-caste-in-India-is-it-true


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-08-17
People Name General Sonar (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Sonar (Muslim traditions)
World Population 377,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Aksali; Ashraf; Ausala; Hemkar; Jangar; Jargar; Kamsala; Kapila; Karai; Khakhar; Khatri; Konkar; Korai; Maipotra; Mair; Niaria; Potdar; Sanur; Saraf; Sarat; Shakish; Sharif; Sheriff; Soni; Soni Hahajan; Sunar; Suni; Sunia; Suniar; Suniyara; Suvarnakar; Swarankar; Swarnakar; Tank; Verma; Zargur; सोनार (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17684
ROP3 Code 113129
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Uttar Pradesh
12,000
Jammu and Kashmir
10,000
Haryana
3,800
Uttarakhand
2,500
Karnataka
1,200
Punjab
500
Gujarat
200
Himachal Pradesh
100
Rajasthan
100
Chandigarh
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Uttar Pradesh 12,000
  Jammu and Kashmir 10,000
  Haryana 3,800
  Uttarakhand 2,500
  Karnataka 1,200
  Punjab 500
  Gujarat 200
  Himachal Pradesh 100
  Rajasthan 100
  Chandigarh 20
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Urdu (21,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
Kashmiri
6,300
Punjabi, Eastern
1,500
Dogri
800
Garhwali
300
Gujari
300
Gujarati
300
Merwari
100
Marwari
100
Haryanvi
80
Primary Language Urdu (21,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
  Kashmiri 6,300
  Punjabi, Eastern 1,500
  Dogri 800
  Garhwali 300
  Gujari 300
  Gujarati 300
  Merwari 100
  Marwari 100
  Haryanvi 80
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 6 - The Lord's Prayer
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2020  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.