Meo (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
769,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Meo of India are farmers of livestock. They live in the Mewat district of Uttar Pradesh, Haryana and Rajasthan. The Meo are a Muslim people but practice a mixture of Islam and Hinduism. They are a Rajput caste. They are Muslims but have their ethnic roots in Hinduism. It is believed they turned to Islam in the 1600s and more became Muslims at about the beginning of the 1900s.


What Are Their Lives Like?

For a long time the Meo have been livestock farmers, raising cattle. They are well known in India. Some have trucking businesses. Others work for the government or are in the army and the police. A few are electricians and plumbers and there are laborers among them. The Meo who live in Haryana do basket work. Some are money lenders.

They value education and they use medical doctors as well as traditional ones. They are now beginning to use family planning. They eat wheat, rice, maize, fruit, vegetables, potatoes and dairy products. They accept cooked foods only from high castes and to those linked to high castes.

With the Meo, the oldest male in the family is the boss at home. Property is inherited only by the sons and the oldest son is in charge of the home after the death of the father. The Meo are endogamous and there is rigid exogamy at clan and village levels. This means that while they marry within the group, partners are selected from other clans or villages. They are not allowed to take a bride from the village of their mother. Marriage is allowed with the widow of the elder brother and with the younger sister of a dead wife. They are mostly monogamous but polygamy is allowed regards not being able to have children, not having a male heir and difficulty in adjusting. A gift is given for a dowry. Parents arrange marriages and engagement takes place at an early age. The marriage is at the home of the bride and is done by a Muslim priest. Divorce is allowed and divorcees can marry again.

The Meo have traditional clan assemblies who judge and make decisions. Punishments are given by fines or excommunications.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Meo follow traditional Islam. They go on pilgrimages to Muslim shrines and take part in Muslim festivals. They visit and do homage at the tombs of their dead saints. They pray for their wishes to come about by the intercession of these saints. Under the leading of the Tablighi Movement (an Islam reform movement), they stopped taking part in Hindu festivals and have become devout Muslims. They perform circumcision and bury the dead in their own cemeteries. Attempts to get the Meo to become Hindus again have failed.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/meo/


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-10-19
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-10-17
People Name General Meo (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Meo (Muslim traditions)
Population in India 769,000
World Population 1,657,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 16 to 19
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Koli Samaj, Me, Meds, Meena, Menam Mayo, Mes, Meta, Mew, Mewati, Mina, Mineain, Wadha Koli, मीयो (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17620
ROP3 Code 113054
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Rajasthan
(566,000)
Madhya Pradesh
(121,000)
Uttar Pradesh
(43,000)
Haryana
(38,000)
Uttarakhand
(900)
Punjab
(600)
Maharashtra
(300)
Chandigarh
(60)
Gujarat
(30)
Himachal Pradesh
(20)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Rajasthan (566,000)
  Madhya Pradesh (121,000)
  Uttar Pradesh (43,000)
  Haryana (38,000)
  Uttarakhand (900)
  Punjab (600)
  Maharashtra (300)
  Chandigarh (60)
  Gujarat (30)
  Himachal Pradesh (20)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (494,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Marwari
(81,000)
Dhundari
(72,000)
Hindi
(55,000)
Mewari
(54,000)
Malvi
(3,200)
Shekhawati
(1,800)
Merwari
(900)
Awadhi
(600)
Haryanvi
(600)
Haroti: Harauti
(500)
Bagri
(300)
Punjabi, Eastern
(300)
Bundeli
(200)
Garhwali
(100)
Kacchi
(30)
People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (494,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 16
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Marwari (81,000)
  Dhundari (72,000)
  Hindi (55,000)
  Mewari (54,000)
  Malvi (3,200)
  Shekhawati (1,800)
  Merwari (900)
  Awadhi (600)
  Haryanvi (600)
  Haroti: Harauti (500)
  Bagri (300)
  Punjabi, Eastern (300)
  Bundeli (200)
  Garhwali (100)
  Kacchi (30)
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Bible stories
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gods Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
Unknown
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Epic International  
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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