Jat (Muslim traditions) in India


Population
516,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Jat people are a historical Indo-Aryan tribal group native to the Punjab region.

The Jats rose to prominence following the 1669 Jat uprising against Mughal rule, and they ruled various princely states throughout the 18th century. After 1858, under the British Raj, the Jats were known for their service in the Indian Army, being categorized as a "martial race" by the British, specifically in the Jat Regiment, the Punjab Regiment and the Sikh Regiment.

It is not known when the Jat people established themselves in the Indian desert. By the 4th century they had spread to the Punjab.

According to earlier censuses, the Jat people accounted for approximately one-quarter of the entire Sindhi-Punjabi speaking area, making it the "largest single socially distinctive group" in the region.

The Jat people are one of the most prosperous groups in India on a per-capita basis (Punjab, Haryana, and Gujarat are the wealthiest of Indian states).

Traditionally Jats have dominated as the political class in Haryana and Punjab. A number of Jat people belonging to the political classes have produced many political leaders, including the 6th Prime Minister of India, Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh.


Where Are they Located?

In 1931, the date of the last census of the British Raj before the abolition of caste, they were distributed throughout North India, mostly in the Punjab and Rajputana. Today, the largest population centre is located in the Punjab region, Haryana and Rajasthan; there are smaller distributions across the world, due to the large immigrant diaspora.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The life and culture of Jats is full of diversity and approaches most closely to that ascribed to the traditional Central Asian colonists of South Asia. The Jat lifestyle was designed to foster a martial spirit. Whenever they lost their kingdoms, Jat people retired to the country-side and became landed barons and the landlords with their swords girded round their waists. They would draw the sword out of the scabbard at the command of their panchayat to fight with the invaders.

Jat people have a history of being brave and ready fighters. They are fiercely independent in character and value their self respect more than anything, which is why they offered heavy resistance against any foreign force that treated them unjustly. They are known for their pride, bravery and readiness to sacrifice their lives in battle for their people and kinsmen. In the government of their villages, they appear much more democratic. They have less reverence for hereditary right and a preference for elected headmen.

The Jat people are required to marry within their community. The Joint family system was popular amongst the Jats and large families use to share the same house and hearth. With the advancement of modern civilization, as people are becoming less dependent upon and less tolerant towards each other, the joint family system is going out of vogue. It was still prevalent in the less advanced areas in the 1930s. Jat marriage ceremonies are traditionally conducted in according with Vedic rituals. The Jats are required to marry within their community. Widow marriage is not only permitted and practiced but is also a social obligation.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jats make up followers of three major religions: Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism. Today there is a small group of adherents to Christianity, especially Jats living in the in UK.


Profile Source:   Wikipedia / Joshua Project 

People Name General Jat (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Jat (Muslim traditions)
Population in India 516,000
World Population 32,669,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 10
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Jat, Jati, Jatu, Langah, Langha, Manhas, Mannas, Marth, Nath, जाट, (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17571
ROP3 Code 112998
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 19
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
144,000
Jammu and Kashmir
61,000
Uttarakhand
56,000
West Bengal
51,000
Haryana
38,000
Punjab
37,000
Rajasthan
34,000
Gujarat
32,000
Delhi
25,000
Madhya Pradesh
18,000
Himachal Pradesh
7,400
Chandigarh
6,000
Maharashtra
2,900
Chhattisgarh
1,600
Manipur
500
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 19
  Uttar Pradesh 144,000
  Jammu and Kashmir 61,000
  Uttarakhand 56,000
  West Bengal 51,000
  Haryana 38,000
  Punjab 37,000
  Rajasthan 34,000
  Gujarat 32,000
  Delhi 25,000
  Madhya Pradesh 18,000
  Himachal Pradesh 7,400
  Chandigarh 6,000
  Maharashtra 2,900
  Chhattisgarh 1,600
  Manipur 500
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Urdu (289,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 27
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Punjabi, Eastern
121,000
Bengali
30,000
Kashmiri
17,000
Gujarati
13,000
Marwari
11,000
Kacchi
9,200
Kumaoni
4,200
Garhwali
3,000
Pahari-Potwari: Poonch
2,700
Punjabi, Western
2,500
Dogri
2,200
Haryanvi
1,800
Dhundari
1,800
Bagri
1,400
Shekhawati
1,000
Other People Groups Speaking Urdu
Primary Language Urdu (289,000 speakers)
Language Code urd   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 27
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Punjabi, Eastern 121,000
  Bengali 30,000
  Kashmiri 17,000
  Gujarati 13,000
  Marwari 11,000
  Kacchi 9,200
  Kumaoni 4,200
  Garhwali 3,000
  Pahari-Potwari: Poonch 2,700
  Punjabi, Western 2,500
  Dogri 2,200
  Haryanvi 1,800
  Dhundari 1,800
  Bagri 1,400
  Shekhawati 1,000
People Groups Speaking Urdu

Primary Language:  Urdu

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1747-1894)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1758-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1843-2016)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Easy to Read (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Pakistan Bible Society (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings Urdu Online Audio Bible
Film / Video A Gathering of the Followers of Isa (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Urdu
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Greatest Sacrifice (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Hope Video
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Steve Evans  Creative Commons 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Wikipedia / Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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