Jat (Muslim traditions) in Pakistan


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Jat people are a historical Indo-Aryan tribal group native to the Punjab region.

The Jats rose to prominence following the 1669 Jat uprising against Mughal rule, and they ruled various princely states throughout the 18th century. After 1858, under the British Raj, the Jats were known for their service in the Indian Army, being categorized as a "martial race" by the British, specifically in the Jat Regiment, the Punjab Regiment and the Sikh Regiment.

It is not known when the Jat people established themselves in the Indian desert. By the 4th century they had spread to the Punjab.

According to earlier censuses, the Jat people accounted for approximately one-quarter of the entire Sindhi-Punjabi speaking area, making it the "largest single socially distinctive group" in the region.

The Jat people are one of the most prosperous groups in India on a per-capita basis (Punjab, Haryana, and Gujarat are the wealthiest of Indian states).

Traditionally Jats have dominated as the political class in Haryana and Punjab. A number of Jat people belonging to the political classes have produced many political leaders, including the 6th Prime Minister of India, Prime Minister Chaudhary Charan Singh.


Where Are they Located?

In 1931, the date of the last census of the British Raj before the abolition of caste, they were distributed throughout North India, mostly in the Punjab and Rajputana. Today, the largest population centre is located in the Punjab region, Haryana and Rajasthan; there are smaller distributions across the world, due to the large immigrant diaspora.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The life and culture of Jats is full of diversity and approaches most closely to that ascribed to the traditional Central Asian colonists of South Asia. The Jat lifestyle was designed to foster a martial spirit. Whenever they lost their kingdoms, Jat people retired to the country-side and became landed barons and the landlords with their swords girded round their waists. They would draw the sword out of the scabbard at the command of their panchayat to fight with the invaders.

Jat people have a history of being brave and ready fighters. They are fiercely independent in character and value their self respect more than anything, which is why they offered heavy resistance against any foreign force that treated them unjustly. They are known for their pride, bravery and readiness to sacrifice their lives in battle for their people and kinsmen. In the government of their villages, they appear much more democratic. They have less reverence for hereditary right and a preference for elected headmen.

The Jat people are required to marry within their community. The Joint family system was popular amongst the Jats and large families use to share the same house and hearth. With the advancement of modern civilization, as people are becoming less dependent upon and less tolerant towards each other, the joint family system is going out of vogue. It was still prevalent in the less advanced areas in the 1930s. Jat marriage ceremonies are traditionally conducted in according with Vedic rituals. The Jats are required to marry within their community. Widow marriage is not only permitted and practiced but is also a social obligation.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jats make up followers of three major religions: Hinduism, Islam and Sikhism. Today there is a small group of adherents to Christianity, especially Jats living in the in UK.


Profile Source:   Wikipedia / Joshua Project 

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-11-12
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-11-04
People Name General Jat (Muslim traditions)
People Name in Country Jat (Muslim traditions)
World Population 33,208,000
Total Countries 4
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 654
Alternate Names Jat, Jati, Jatu, Langah, Langha, Manhas, Mannas, Marth, Nath, जाट, (मुस्लिम ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17571
ROP3 Code 112998
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Punjab
23,213,000
Sindh
8,174,000
Azad Kashmir
670,000
Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa
539,000
Islamabad
38,000
Balochistan
30,000
Federally Administer
11,000
Gilgit-Baltistan
2,200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Pakistan
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 5  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Punjab 23,213,000
  Sindh 8,174,000
  Azad Kashmir 670,000
  Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa 539,000
  Islamabad 38,000
  Balochistan 30,000
  Federally Administer 11,000
  Gilgit-Baltistan 2,200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (18,988,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 35
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Saraiki
3,989,000
Urdu
3,485,000
Sindhi
3,249,000
Marwari
399,000
Bagri
84,000
Hindko, Southern
83,000
Koli, Parkari
64,000
Kacchi
39,000
Koli, Wadiyara
37,000
Hindko, Northern
36,000
Koli, Kachi
34,000
Dhatki
32,000
Pahari-Potwari
25,000
Marwari
18,000
Jadgali
17,000
Primary Language Punjabi, Western (18,988,000 speakers)
Language Code pnb   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 35
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Saraiki 3,989,000
  Urdu 3,485,000
  Sindhi 3,249,000
  Marwari 399,000
  Bagri 84,000
  Hindko, Southern 83,000
  Koli, Parkari 64,000
  Kacchi 39,000
  Koli, Wadiyara 37,000
  Hindko, Northern 36,000
  Koli, Kachi 34,000
  Dhatki 32,000
  Pahari-Potwari 25,000
  Marwari 18,000
  Jadgali 17,000
People Groups Speaking Punjabi, Western

Primary Language:  Punjabi, Western

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1885-1922)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1819-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2008)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online Scripture / Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video House of Love (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Punjabi, Western
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter Cartoon Gospel tract
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter EasyBibles
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
100.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Steve Evans  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Wikipedia / Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Pakistan census data.  Current values may differ.


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