Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 23 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Chauhan 732,000
Bachgoti 479,000
Ajudhyabasi 52,000
Awadhia 24,000
Bind 24,000
Kharaut 24,000
Maghaiya 24,000
Gole 23,000
Beldar 15,000
Muskhawa 11,000

Introduction / History

The name Lunia comes from Lun or Nun meaning "moist," and is the name for sea salt. Hindu society classes Lunia people as Shudras, the lowest of the four caste blocks.


Where Are they Located?

They live in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, and a small number are in West Bengal where they are classed as a scheduled caste.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Lunia people farm, build roads, and railways, do various construction work, and dig wells. Many are farmers on small plots of land that they own. A select few work in government as political leaders, and in private occupations. Others are doctors or lawyers.
Lunias marry only among their sub-caste or subgroup. They accept both adult and child marriages. The bridegroom goes to the home of his bride, marries her, and they live in the home of his parents. Usually marriages are arranged by negotiation. They permit divorce and
re-marriage.
When the father dies, the oldest son becomes leader of the family. Sons and daughters inherit the property of their parents equally. The widowed mother receives some income if she does not marry again.

Opinions of women are considered, but the final decisions are made by men. Lunia women do housework, collect firewood, and participate in rituals, social and religious matters.

Lunia have a regional association in Kanpur and Delhi to promote their needs to the government. Crime is common where they live.

They speak in Hindi and read and write in Devanagari.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Lunia people are Hindus, worshiping many gods and goddesses. They also worship their ancestors and celebrate Hindu festivals. Varanasi is the main pilgrimage place for these Hindus. Brahmin priests perform birth, marriage and death rituals for them. The deceased are cremated, but children less than five years old are buried. Birth and death pollution periods take place for a set time.


What Are Their Needs?

Written, audio, and visual Scripture resources exist in the Hindi language. Lunia people need primarily audio and visual resources since their literacy level is below national average.
They need to understand that the gods they worship cannot give them eternal life, nor can they correct their sin problems. Lunia people are unreached.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray that doors will open wide to the use of the JESUS Film in Hindi and that much fruit will abound including house churches.
* Pray for a major mobilization of prayer worldwide for Lunia people.
* Pray for entire clans and extended Lunia families to embrace the Savior and begin house churches.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/lunia/


Profile Source:   Karen Hightower  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-23
People Name General Lunia (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Lunia (Hindu traditions)
World Population 3,317,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 64
Alternate Names Agri, Behari, Bihari, Chauhan, Chunari, Hindustani, Jhumaria Parmer, Kharwat, Lonari, Londhari, Lunia, Luniya, Luniyar, Mungar, Murha, Nonia, Noniar, Noongar, Nungar, Nunia, Nuniya, Paschinafati, Sambhri, Sambhri Chauhan, Tel Julaha, Teli Julaha, Uppar, लूनिया (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17391
ROP3 Code 112789
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Lunia (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups 23 (only 15 largest shown)
  Chauhan 732,000
  Bachgoti 479,000
  Ajudhyabasi 52,000
  Awadhia 24,000
  Bind 24,000
  Kharaut 24,000
  Maghaiya 24,000
  Gole 23,000
  Beldar 15,000
  Muskhawa 11,000
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
1,814,000
Bihar
1,229,000
West Bengal
61,000
Madhya Pradesh
38,000
Jharkhand
20,000
Maharashtra
3,900
Uttarakhand
2,600
Odisha
1,800
Assam
1,600
Tripura
1,400
Haryana
1,300
Himachal Pradesh
1,100
Delhi
600
Chhattisgarh
300
Chandigarh
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  Uttar Pradesh 1,814,000
  Bihar 1,229,000
  West Bengal 61,000
  Madhya Pradesh 38,000
  Jharkhand 20,000
  Maharashtra 3,900
  Uttarakhand 2,600
  Odisha 1,800
  Assam 1,600
  Tripura 1,400
  Haryana 1,300
  Himachal Pradesh 1,100
  Delhi 600
  Chhattisgarh 300
  Chandigarh 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (1,853,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhojpuri
932,000
Maithili
111,000
Awadhi
104,000
Bengali
60,000
Kanauji
40,000
Magahi
25,000
Bagheli
7,200
Chhattisgarhi
3,000
Bundeli
2,300
Angika
2,100
Garhwali
1,600
Odia
1,300
Assamese
1,100
Malvi
1,000
Punjabi, Eastern
500
Primary Language Hindi (1,853,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhojpuri 932,000
  Maithili 111,000
  Awadhi 104,000
  Bengali 60,000
  Kanauji 40,000
  Magahi 25,000
  Bagheli 7,200
  Chhattisgarhi 3,000
  Bundeli 2,300
  Angika 2,100
  Garhwali 1,600
  Odia 1,300
  Assamese 1,100
  Malvi 1,000
  Punjabi, Eastern 500
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2019  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Karen Hightower  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.