Lunia (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
3,166,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Lunia of India are also called Jhumaria Parmer, Nunia, Sambhri and Sambhri Chauhan. They have been salt makers in the past.

The name Lunia comes from Lun or Nun meaning moist and is the name for sea salt. They say they are descended from the Kshatriya. The Lunia look at themselves as superior to the Dhobi, Dhanuk, Nai and Kahar but inferior to the Brahmin, Bania and Rajput. They regard themselves equal to the Thakur, Gadaria, Teli and Lodh. Hindu society though classes them as Sudra, the lowest of the four castes of peasants. They speak in Hindi and read and write in Devanagari. In West Bengal they speak Khotta and in Bihar, the language is Maithili.


Where Are they Located?

They live in Uttar Pradesh. They live in eastern and central districts of places like Lucknow and Kanpur and crime is common where they live. They live in Bihar too and a small number are in West Bengal where they are classed as a Scheduled Caste. This is advantageous to them.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Lunia do such work as farm work, building roads, railways and digging wells and other construction work. Many are farmers on small plots of land they own. There are a few of them in government and private occupations while some are doctors and lawyers. Some are political leaders.

The Lunia eat meat provided they have enough money but cannot eat beef because of their Hindu religion. They eat cereals like wheat and rice and have seasonal vegetables. Men (not women) drink alcohol and have tobacco too. The literacy level is less than the national average so there is a need for the gospel in oral form. Poverty can be an obstacle to education. They use family planning and traditional and modern medicine. They are given electricity and clean drinking water. There is a lot of debt among them to shopkeepers and moneylenders.

The Lunia are endogamous which means they marry only among their sub-caste or subgroup. Both adult and child marriages take place. The bridegroom goes to the home of his bride, marries her and they live in the home of his parents. Usually marriages are done by negotiating. Divorce and marrying again are allowed.

When the father dies, the oldest son is in charge of the family. Sons and daughters inherit the property of their parents equally. The widowed mother gets some money if she does not marry again.

The opinions of women are listened to but the final say is from the men. The Lunia women do the housework. They collect firewood and take part in rituals and social and religious matters.

The Lunia have a regional association in Kanpur and Delhi called the Rajput Maryada Sabha that looks to promote their needs to the government.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Lunia are Hindus and worship Shiva and Durga as their main god and goddess. They worship other gods and goddesses too. Ancestors are also worshipped. They celebrate festivals such as Diwali and Holi. Varanasi is a main pilgrimage place. Brahmin priests perform birth, marriage and death rituals. The deceased are cremated but children less than five years old are buried. Birth and death pollution periods take place for a set time.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/lunia/


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-23
People Name General Lunia (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Lunia (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 3,166,000
World Population 3,268,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 63
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Agri, Behari, Bihari, Chauhan, Chunari, Hindustani, Jhumaria Parmer, Kharwat, Lonari, Londhari, Lunia, Luniya, Luniyar, Mungar, Murha, Nonia, Noniar, Noongar, Nungar, Nunia, Nuniya, Paschinafati, Sambhri, Sambhri Chauhan, Tel Julaha, Teli Julaha, Uppar, लूनिया (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17391
ROP3 Code 112789
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Lunia (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups on file 23
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Chauhan
732,000
Bachgoti
479,000
Ajudhyabasi
52,000
Awadhia
24,000
Bind
24,000
Kharaut
24,000
Maghaiya
24,000
Gole
23,000
Beldar
15,000
Muskhawa
11,000
Bhagirathi
8,500
Kharbat
3,600
Audhia
3,500
Bachgotra
3,500
Deoraj
1,700
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Lunia (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups 23 (only 15 largest shown)
  Chauhan 732,000
  Bachgoti 479,000
  Ajudhyabasi 52,000
  Awadhia 24,000
  Bind 24,000
  Kharaut 24,000
  Maghaiya 24,000
  Gole 23,000
  Beldar 15,000
  Muskhawa 11,000
  Bhagirathi 8,500
  Kharbat 3,600
  Audhia 3,500
  Bachgotra 3,500
  Deoraj 1,700
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
1,800,000
Bihar
1,222,000
West Bengal
71,000
Madhya Pradesh
38,000
Jharkhand
20,000
Maharashtra
3,900
Uttarakhand
2,600
Odisha
1,700
Assam
1,600
Tripura
1,400
Haryana
1,300
Himachal Pradesh
1,000
Delhi
600
Chhattisgarh
300
Chandigarh
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  Uttar Pradesh 1,800,000
  Bihar 1,222,000
  West Bengal 71,000
  Madhya Pradesh 38,000
  Jharkhand 20,000
  Maharashtra 3,900
  Uttarakhand 2,600
  Odisha 1,700
  Assam 1,600
  Tripura 1,400
  Haryana 1,300
  Himachal Pradesh 1,000
  Delhi 600
  Chhattisgarh 300
  Chandigarh 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (1,862,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bhojpuri
932,000
Awadhi
104,000
Maithili
102,000
Bengali
68,000
Kanauji
40,000
Magahi
24,000
Bagheli
7,100
Chhattisgarhi
3,000
Bundeli
2,300
Garhwali
1,600
Angika
1,400
Odia
1,300
Assamese
1,100
Malvi
900
Punjabi, Eastern
500
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (1,862,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 23
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bhojpuri 932,000
  Awadhi 104,000
  Maithili 102,000
  Bengali 68,000
  Kanauji 40,000
  Magahi 24,000
  Bagheli 7,100
  Chhattisgarhi 3,000
  Bundeli 2,300
  Garhwali 1,600
  Angika 1,400
  Odia 1,300
  Assamese 1,100
  Malvi 900
  Punjabi, Eastern 500
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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