Kawar in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 7

Subgroup Name Population
Cherua 54,000
Tanwar 38,000
Rathia 24,000
Chanti 200
Dudh 200
Kolhia 200
Paikra 200

Introduction / History

The Kawar are primarily located in the states of Madhya Pradesh and Orissa, in central India, particularly in the cities of Raipur and Maharashtra. Their language, Kawari, is an Indo-Aryan language that is believed to be a dialect of Halbi. Today, some of the Kawar speak Chhattisgarhi and Hindi, the languages of their neighbors and have begun adopting their cultures as well.

Some of the Kawar tribes have become so absorbed by the cultures of the surrounding peoples that they are no longer considered to be true Kawar. They have completely lost their language and former culture and now speak a different dialect.

The Kawar are considered a scheduled tribe. Although they consider military service their traditional occupation, most have given up military life and have become farmers or wage-workers.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Many of the Kawar live in the northern plains, where they have settled and own farms. However, most still live in the hilly areas and depend on other sources of income such as road construction and agricultural labor. Irrigation facilities are not yet developed in the region. As a result, most of the fertile land is used for a single crop. A large portion of their farm land is mortgaged to the neighboring communities, and many Kawar work as farm servants of the mortgage holders.

The Kawar farmers are being encouraged to adopt a more settled type of farming. However, those in the hills still depend on slash and burn cultivation as well as gathering forest produce for survival. A major source of their cash earnings comes from selling firewood that is collected from the forest. The lower classes also weave ropes and make sleeping cots to sell in the markets.

The staple food of the Kawar is rice. They do not eat beef, pork, or any other foods that are considered unclean by Hindus. However, they love to drink rice-beer and other alcoholic beverages.

The Kawar have several endogamous divisions (only allow marriage within their own groups). These divisions are further divided into a number of exogamous sects called goti. The goti are "totemistic," which means they use symbols of plants and animals to represent their group. A group totem represents their bond of unity and is often considered the ancestor or brother of the group's members.

The Kawar goti are similar to the gotra of the high caste Hindus. Marriages within the same goti are unacceptable. A marriage begins with negotiations, usually initiated by the boy's father. Polygamy is permitted, but not common.

The Kawar who live in the city of Orissa, a predominantly Hindu area, live in spacious houses, but still wear clothing and ornaments similar to the lower caste Hindus. Women wear pewter rings as necklaces as well as silver earrings, but they never wear nose-rings. Also, tattooing is not unusual.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kawar are almost exclusively Hindu. They follow Hindu practices, but still mix their traditional beliefs with their practice of Hinduism.


What Are Their Needs?

Medical facilities among the Kawar are inadequate. Even where the medical personnel are available, medicines, instruments, and essential provisions for the patients are extremely lacking. Adequate medical equipment and staff are needed, especially for the control of sexually transmitted diseases, leprosy, and other communicable diseases. The funds are low in districts where the needs are the greatest.

There are only a relative few known Christians. There is a great need for Christian doctors, teachers, and pastors.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Kawar in India.

* Ask the Lord to send forth laborers into India to share the love of Christ with the Kawar.
* Pray that God will call forth prayer teams that will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to complete the work begun in the hearts of the few Kawar believers through adequate discipleship.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Kawar toward Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing Kawar church for the glory of His name!


Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

People Name General Kawar
People Name in Country Kawar
World Population 1,005,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 20
Alternate Names Cherwa; Kamari; Kanwar; Kanware; Kaoar; Kaur; Kauraw; Kauri; Kawali; कवर
People ID 17122
ROP3 Code 112468
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 11
Largest States
Chhattisgarh
921,000
Maharashtra
27,000
Madhya Pradesh
19,000
West Bengal
13,000
Jharkhand
11,000
Odisha
5,400
Tripura
3,100
Bihar
1,400
Assam
200
Andaman and Nicobar
100
Goa
60
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 11
  Chhattisgarh 921,000
  Maharashtra 27,000
  Madhya Pradesh 19,000
  West Bengal 13,000
  Jharkhand 11,000
  Odisha 5,400
  Tripura 3,100
  Bihar 1,400
  Assam 200
  Andaman and Nicobar 100
  Goa 60
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (513,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 47
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Chhattisgarhi
439,000
Bengali
15,000
Marathi
9,700
Sadri
6,400
Odia
3,300
Telugu
1,800
Kurux
1,500
Halbi
1,200
Bhili
1,100
Sadri, Oraon
600
Gujarati
500
Bhatri
500
Maithili
400
Korwa
300
Punjabi, Eastern
300
Primary Language Hindi (513,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 47
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Chhattisgarhi 439,000
  Bengali 15,000
  Marathi 9,700
  Sadri 6,400
  Odia 3,300
  Telugu 1,800
  Kurux 1,500
  Halbi 1,200
  Bhili 1,100
  Sadri, Oraon 600
  Gujarati 500
  Bhatri 500
  Maithili 400
  Korwa 300
  Punjabi, Eastern 300
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.12 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.32 %
Islam
0.12 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.04 %
Unknown
0.38 %
Photo Source Bethany World Prayer Center 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.