Kallan in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kallan or Kallar were the ancient warriors of their Tamil homeland in south India. They protected their lands from Aryan invaders. The word "kalla" in Sanskrit mean black or dark-skinned. The Kallan fought against the Mughal Sultanate and British who attempted to take over south India. As a result of their military service, the Kalla became landowners. Today many Kallan still own land and work the soil.
Although a great many of the members are still farmers, many have also progressed up the social ladder as doctors, engineers, entrepreneurs, politicians and civil servants according to kallar.weebly.com. A large number of people from the Kallan community are serving the nation as military men and in Tami Nadu police departments.

The Kallan speak Tamil are their primary language.


Where Are they Located?

The vast majority of Kallan live in the south Indian state of Tamil Nadu. Some also live in the Union Territory of Puducherry and in the state of Kerala.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kallan are endogamous, that is they marry within their clans. Cousins often marry. Families arrange marriages. Weddings take place at the home of the bride. Sons inherit the property of their parents. Polygamy or having more than one wife is allowed if the first wife cannot have children. The Kallan allow for divorce and remarriage.

The Kallan are non-vegetarians but they do not eat beef or pork. The eating of meat is usually restricted to Saturday nights and festival days. Rice with curry is their main food.

The Kallan practice a Tamil form of martial arts. They used a throwing stick similar to a boomerang that could be thrown to up to 100 meters.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kallan are Hindus. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Many Kallan worship the god Shiva or Siva who is one of the three main gods of Hinduism. They visit Shiva's temples and make offerings of flowers, food and incense. The Kallan participate in the main Hindu holidays of Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the nine-day celebration of autumn.
A tiny group of Christians exists among the Kalla.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kallan need to see that they are sinner. They must see that only Jesus Christ not Shiva can deliver them from their sins and grant them eternal life. The Kallan need to hear the gospel in a way that they can understand.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord opens the hearts of the Kallan to receive the life-changing message of Jesus Christ.
* Pray the Lord sends Christian workers to serve among the Kallan people.
* Pray that the small group of Kallan Christians would be built up and that growing churches be established among the Kallan community.
* Pray that the Indian Christians living in Tamil Nadu would reach out to the Kallan and share the gospel with them.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kallar_(caste)
kallar.weebly.com/


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Kallan
People Name in Country Kallan
Population in India 1,270,000
World Population 1,288,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 25
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Cullar, Esanttu, Kalari Panich, Kallar, Kollan, Mangta, Mukkulathor, Thanjavur Kallar, Tholko Lan, Tholkollar, Tolkollar, Vellalar, कल्लां
People ID 17057
ROP3 Code 112395
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Kallan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups on file 27
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Tondaman
457,000
Melnadu
33,000
Pramalai
24,000
Kandadevi
22,000
Kandramanikkam
22,000
Mallakottainadu
22,000
Pakaneri
22,000
Palayanadu
22,000
Piramalaindu
22,000
Sirukudi
22,000
Tennilainadu
22,000
Vellurnadu
22,000
Gandarva Kottai
19,000
Koothappar
14,000
Periasuriur
14,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Kallan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 27 (only 15 largest shown)
  Tondaman 457,000
  Melnadu 33,000
  Pramalai 24,000
  Kandadevi 22,000
  Kandramanikkam 22,000
  Mallakottainadu 22,000
  Pakaneri 22,000
  Palayanadu 22,000
  Piramalaindu 22,000
  Sirukudi 22,000
  Tennilainadu 22,000
  Vellurnadu 22,000
  Gandarva Kottai 19,000
  Koothappar 14,000
  Periasuriur 14,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Tamil Nadu
1,194,000
Puducherry
38,000
Kerala
34,000
Karnataka
2,000
Delhi
1,600
Maharashtra
700
West Bengal
400
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Andhra Pradesh
100
Telangana
50
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Tamil Nadu 1,194,000
  Puducherry 38,000
  Kerala 34,000
  Karnataka 2,000
  Delhi 1,600
  Maharashtra 700
  West Bengal 400
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Andhra Pradesh 100
  Telangana 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (1,232,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
26,000
English
300
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (1,232,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 26,000
  English 300
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.19 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.81 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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