Kallan in India


Population
1,260,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kallar of India, mainly in Tamil Nadu, have several divisions that are similar. One of them is called the Esanattu. They speak, read and write in Tamil. They are not vegetarians but do not eat pork and beef. Rice is a main cereal.

Marriage is practiced only within their own community with cross-cousin marriages the preferred way. Polygamy is allowed if the woman cannot have children. Bride price and dowries are given. Marriage is at the home of the bride. Divorce and remarrying are allowed. There is a birth pollution period. They bury the dead and there is a death pollution period too. Inheritance is passed to the sons.

Hinduism is the main religion with many being of the Shaivite sect. They are mainly landowners. Farming and animal production is their main work. Those who own no land tend to work as laborers. They have traditional councils that settle disagreements. Family planning and modern medicines are used.

Among the Kallar Pramalai, though mostly Hindus, there are some who are Christians also.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the leaders of the councils among the Kallar will come to Jesus Christ and lead the others among them to salvation too.
* Pray that the Kallar Christians will help bring many to Jesus Christ.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Kallan
People Name in Country Kallan
Population in India 1,260,000
World Population 1,278,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 25
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Cullar, Esanttu, Kalari Panich, Kallar, Kollan, Mangta, Mukkulathor, Thanjavur Kallar, Tholko Lan, Tholkollar, Tolkollar, Vellalar, कल्लां
People ID 17057
ROP3 Code 112395
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Kallan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups on file 27
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Tondaman
457,000
Melnadu
33,000
Pramalai
24,000
Kandadevi
22,000
Kandramanikkam
22,000
Mallakottainadu
22,000
Pakaneri
22,000
Palayanadu
22,000
Piramalaindu
22,000
Sirukudi
22,000
Tennilainadu
22,000
Vellurnadu
22,000
Gandarva Kottai
19,000
Koothappar
14,000
Periasuriur
14,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Kallan
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 27 (only 15 largest shown)
  Tondaman 457,000
  Melnadu 33,000
  Pramalai 24,000
  Kandadevi 22,000
  Kandramanikkam 22,000
  Mallakottainadu 22,000
  Pakaneri 22,000
  Palayanadu 22,000
  Piramalaindu 22,000
  Sirukudi 22,000
  Tennilainadu 22,000
  Vellurnadu 22,000
  Gandarva Kottai 19,000
  Koothappar 14,000
  Periasuriur 14,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 10
Largest States
Tamil Nadu
1,184,000
Puducherry
38,000
Kerala
34,000
Karnataka
2,000
Delhi
1,600
Maharashtra
700
West Bengal
400
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Andhra Pradesh
100
Telangana
50
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 10
  Tamil Nadu 1,184,000
  Puducherry 38,000
  Kerala 34,000
  Karnataka 2,000
  Delhi 1,600
  Maharashtra 700
  West Bengal 400
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Andhra Pradesh 100
  Telangana 50
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (1,232,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
26,000
English
300
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (1,232,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 26,000
  English 300
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.19 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.81 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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