Halwai (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
1,368,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Halwai of India are a caste of sweet makers and confectioners. The name Halwai comes from the Hindi word Halwa which is a sweet. The Halwai are called Mithaiha in Madya Pradesh. In Uttar Pradesh as well as being called Halwai, they are called Yogyaseni, Modanwal and Gupta. In Punjab they are called Kamboj and Arora. In West Bengal, they are called Mayara and in Orissa by the name Guria. There are many of them living in the east regions of Barabanki and Bahraich of Uttar Pradesh.

The Halwai in Madya Pradesh migrated from Rajasthan and Gujarat many years ago in olden times. They are looked at with respect. Because of the importance sweets have in religion and socially, they have a special position in festivals and childbirths and marriages.

The Halwai of Uttar Pradesh and Madya Pradesh speak Hindi. In Bihar they speak Maithili and Hindi as well. In most states they read and write in Devanagari. They speak Oriya in Orissa and Bengali in West Bengal.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Sweet shops of the Halwai are in the towns and bazaars in north India. Some of the Halwai do government and private work. Some work in agriculture. and there are a few doctors and engineers. They are mainly vegetarians, eating wheat and rice, fruit and vegetables. In Bihar, the Halwai eat chicken and mutton but not beef. They like milk and dairy produce but not alcohol. They educate both boys and girls and they do family planning as well as using modern medicines.

The Halwai are endogamous, which means they do not marry outside of the group. They believe in monogamy. Divorce is permitted and divorcees and the bereaved can marry again. They use a dowry. Property is equally given to the sons. The oldest son becomes the main one in the home. Younger men often move away to begin a business.

Most of the Halwai are comfortable financially and some are wealthy particularly in the cities and towns. (They need to realize that wealth is temporary but Salvation through Jesus Christ is permanent).


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Halwai are mainly Hindu and worship all the main Hindu gods such as Shiva, Rama and Krishna. A Brahmin priest does birth, marriage and death ceremonies. The dead are cremated and the ashes immersed in a river with the Ganges being the favorite. Post delivery child birth pollution and death pollution are observed for a given period of time.

The Halwai celebrate all the main Hindu festivals such as Holi and Diwali. They do pilgrimages to certain places.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/halwai/


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-08-24
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-09-23
People Name General Halwai (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Halwai (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 1,368,000
World Population 1,526,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 27
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bhanti, Haluwai, Halwai, Madak, Maira, Mayara, Mehtar, Methaiwale, Modak, Modhunapit, हलवाई (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16905
ROP3 Code 112199
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Halwai (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups on file 13
Largest Subgroups
Kanaujia
159,000
Kuri
119,000
Jat
9,000
Madhu
7,800
Modhunapit
7,800
Satyam
7,800
Jaunpuri
1,400
Kaithia
0
Kanbo
0
Madhesia
0
Nagari
0
Rawat
0
Yogyaseni
0
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Halwai (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups 13
  Kanaujia 159,000
  Kuri 119,000
  Jat 9,000
  Madhu 7,800
  Modhunapit 7,800
  Satyam 7,800
  Jaunpuri 1,400
  Kaithia 0
  Kanbo 0
  Madhesia 0
  Nagari 0
  Rawat 0
  Yogyaseni 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Bihar
531,000
West Bengal
403,000
Uttar Pradesh
307,000
Jharkhand
101,000
Madhya Pradesh
5,700
Odisha
5,400
Chhattisgarh
4,600
Maharashtra
2,900
Uttarakhand
1,800
Andaman and Nicobar
1,400
Delhi
1,400
Meghalaya
800
Tripura
700
Nagaland
400
Mizoram
200
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Bihar 531,000
  West Bengal 403,000
  Uttar Pradesh 307,000
  Jharkhand 101,000
  Madhya Pradesh 5,700
  Odisha 5,400
  Chhattisgarh 4,600
  Maharashtra 2,900
  Uttarakhand 1,800
  Andaman and Nicobar 1,400
  Delhi 1,400
  Meghalaya 800
  Tripura 700
  Nagaland 400
  Mizoram 200
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (716,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 20
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
362,000
Maithili
97,000
Bhojpuri
86,000
Awadhi
50,000
Magahi
23,000
Kanauji
11,000
Angika
5,000
Odia
3,900
Chhattisgarhi
3,000
Bagheli
2,200
Bundeli
900
Garhwali
200
Andaman Creole Hindi
200
Santhali
100
Nimadi
100
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (716,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 20
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 362,000
  Maithili 97,000
  Bhojpuri 86,000
  Awadhi 50,000
  Magahi 23,000
  Kanauji 11,000
  Angika 5,000
  Odia 3,900
  Chhattisgarhi 3,000
  Bagheli 2,200
  Bundeli 900
  Garhwali 200
  Andaman Creole Hindi 200
  Santhali 100
  Nimadi 100
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  India Missions Association  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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