Gosain in India


Population
1,533,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Gosain are very religious. By tradition, they have removed themselves from material pleasures and live by collecting alms and looking after temples. They worship the Hindu god Shiva. They live in many parts of India but particularly in Uttar Pradesh in the Gonda and Gorakhpur regions.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Many of the Gosain have now turned to other things for a living like farming, raising cows for milk, and government services.

The Gosain are landowners except in Maharashtra and the Punjab where most have no land. In Punjab they do rickshaw pulling, carpentry and other things while some beg. Some are weavers. They eat grain, lentils and vegetables and meat except for beef. Smoking marijuana and drinking alcohol happens a lot among them. Education takes place with the boys and the literacy level among females is much less than among males. They do family planning and use local and modern medicines.

Families usually arrange marriages. They believe in monogamy. Most marriages are now adult ones. If the wife cannot have children, the husband is allowed to keep his wife while marrying again. Divorce is allowed in such things as adultery, cruelty and impotence. Divorcees and the bereaved can remarry.

Only the sons inherit property and the oldest son becomes leader of the home. Women usually are only involved in social, religious and ritual matters. The Gosain have organizations that are national, regional and local that look after social, economic, religious and educational needs. A traditional community council is elected in the villages. They judge on things like divorce and family matters. When found guilty, fines are given or the guilty are boycotted. The money from the fine is given to a Shiva temple or a feast for the local people.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Gosain are Hindus and give their offerings to Hindu gods and goddesses. Shiva is their main god. Also they worship male and female clan gods. They do ceremonies they believe will rid them of evil spirits and please their god.

The Gosain go to the main Hindu pilgrimages that they believe to be holy. They celebrate all the Hindu festivals such as Holi and Diwali. They particularly celebrate Maha Shivaratri which means the great night of Shiva. It is they believe to do with the destruction and renewing of the universe.

Most Gosain bury their dead except in Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Delhi. Bodies are burned in big cities to avoid crowding of dead bodies. The dead are buried in a sitting down position towards the Kailash peak in the Himalayas as they believe that is the heavenly home of Shiva. There is death pollution for a set period and that is followed by a funeral feast at the end of it.

The Gosain are devoted to Shiva and are looking to find peace and happiness in God. They hope to be redeemed by living a life of hardship that they put on themselves and by a life of denial. (As they are wanting to find happiness in God, that may be an opportunity for the gospel message to be given to them).


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/gosain/


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-04
People Name General Gosain
People Name in Country Gosain
Population in India 1,533,000
World Population 1,535,800
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 30
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Ajnasi, Aranya-Gharbhari, Atit, Baba, Bairagi, Ban, Bangali, Bawa, Bharadi, Bharati, Bharti, Daure Gosaviati, Gairagi, Gasain, Gasawi, Geria, Gharhari, Giria/Yati, Girigosavi, Girname, Gosai, Gosaib, Gosavi, Gosayi, Gossain, Goswami, Gussain, Kamphode, Mathkar, Nath Panthi Gosavi, Sanyasi, Saraswati-Parbat, Van, गोसाईं (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16862
ROP3 Code 112144
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Gosain
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups on file 11
Largest Subgroups
Dasnami
402,000
Gauriya
2,000
Giri
1,600
Vallabhi
1,400
Niranjani
400
Brindabani
300
Bharthi
200
Puri
100
Naga
80
Gharbari
0
Sanyasi
0
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Gosain
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups 11
  Dasnami 402,000
  Gauriya 2,000
  Giri 1,600
  Vallabhi 1,400
  Niranjani 400
  Brindabani 300
  Bharthi 200
  Puri 100
  Naga 80
  Gharbari 0
  Sanyasi 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 23
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
534,000
Maharashtra
398,000
Madhya Pradesh
196,000
Gujarat
75,000
Uttarakhand
69,000
Bihar
67,000
Chhattisgarh
59,000
Jharkhand
51,000
West Bengal
28,000
Karnataka
14,000
Odisha
13,000
Rajasthan
9,100
Himachal Pradesh
8,300
Telangana
3,900
Goa
2,700
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 23  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 534,000
  Maharashtra 398,000
  Madhya Pradesh 196,000
  Gujarat 75,000
  Uttarakhand 69,000
  Bihar 67,000
  Chhattisgarh 59,000
  Jharkhand 51,000
  West Bengal 28,000
  Karnataka 14,000
  Odisha 13,000
  Rajasthan 9,100
  Himachal Pradesh 8,300
  Telangana 3,900
  Goa 2,700
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (792,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Marathi
313,000
Bhojpuri
80,000
Gujarati
69,000
Chhattisgarhi
44,000
Awadhi
39,000
Kumaoni
36,000
Bengali
24,000
Konkani
18,000
Kanauji
12,000
Malvi
11,000
Garhwali
10,000
Odia
10,000
Panchpargania
8,700
Kannada
7,500
Ahirani
7,100
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (792,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Marathi 313,000
  Bhojpuri 80,000
  Gujarati 69,000
  Chhattisgarhi 44,000
  Awadhi 39,000
  Kumaoni 36,000
  Bengali 24,000
  Konkani 18,000
  Kanauji 12,000
  Malvi 11,000
  Garhwali 10,000
  Odia 10,000
  Panchpargania 8,700
  Kannada 7,500
  Ahirani 7,100
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.98 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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