Gosain in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 11 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Dasnami 402,000
Gauriya 2,000
Giri 1,600
Vallabhi 1,400
Niranjani 400
Brindabani 300
Bharthi 200
Puri Unknown
Naga Unknown
Gharbari Unknown

Introduction / History

Gosain people have historically been landowners, except in Maharashtra and the Punjab where most have no land.


Where Are they Located?

They live in many parts of India but particularly in Uttar Pradesh in the Gonda and Gorakhpur regions.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In Punjab they pull rickshaws, and do carpentry work, and weaving, while others beg. Many smoke marijuana and drink alcohol. Many Gosain have now turned to other occupations like farming, raising cows for milk, and government services.

They eat grain, lentils, vegetables and meat except beef.

Families usually arrange marriages. They have one spouse. Most marriages only involve adults. If the wife cannot have children, the husband is allowed to keep his wife while marrying again. Divorce is allowed in cases of adultery, cruelty and impotence. Divorcees and the bereaved are permitted to remarry. They practice family planning, and use local and modern medicines. Boys are educated, and the literacy level among girls is low. Sons inherit property, and the oldest son becomes leader of the family. Women are involved in social, religious and ritual matters.

Gosain people have organizations that are national, regional and local that oversee social, economic, religious and educational needs. A traditional community council is elected in the villages. They determine matters of divorce and family. When found guilty, fines are given or the guilty are boycotted. Money from the fines is given to a Shiva temple or a feast for the local people.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Gosain are very religious Hindus. By tradition, they have removed themselves from material pleasures, live by collecting alms and looking after temples. They worship the Hindu god Shiva.


What Are Their Needs?

Uttar Predesh has an anti-conversion law that will make it more difficult to reach these Hindu people with the gospel. The social stigma of turning from Hinduism is also a factor.

Hindi and Urdu Bible resources exist, and they speak these languages, but they are unreached.
The god Shiva will never provide payment for the penalty of the sins of the Gosain people. They need the real Savior, Lord Jesus Christ. They need someone to tell them.


Prayer Points

* Pray that Gosain people will see that their old systems of ethics and religion are not working, and that their only hope is in Jesus Christ.
* Pray that intercessors worldwide will regularly pray for salvation of Gosain people.
* Pray for Spirit-filled servants to disciple them, and plant churches among them.
* Ask God to raise up entire families and communities until their culture is transformed to fully glorify God, and represent His Kingdom here on earth.


References

www.peoplegroupsindia.com/profiles/gosain/


Profile Source:   Karen Hightower  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-10-04
People Name General Gosain
People Name in Country Gosain
World Population 1,539,800
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 31
Alternate Names Ajnasi, Aranya-Gharbhari, Atit, Baba, Bairagi, Ban, Bangali, Bawa, Bharadi, Bharati, Bharti, Daure Gosaviati, Gairagi, Gasain, Gasawi, Geria, Gharhari, Giria/Yati, Girigosavi, Girname, Gosai, Gosaib, Gosavi, Gosayi, Gossain, Goswami, Gussain, Kamphode, Mathkar, Nath Panthi Gosavi, Sanyasi, Saraswati-Parbat, Van, गोसाईं (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16862
ROP3 Code 112144
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Gosain
Ethnic Code CNN25g
Total Subgroups 11
  Dasnami 402,000
  Gauriya 2,000
  Giri 1,600
  Vallabhi 1,400
  Niranjani 400
  Brindabani 300
  Bharthi 200
  Puri 100
  Naga 80
  Gharbari 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 23
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Uttar Pradesh
536,000
Maharashtra
398,000
Madhya Pradesh
197,000
Gujarat
75,000
Uttarakhand
70,000
Bihar
67,000
Chhattisgarh
59,000
Jharkhand
51,000
West Bengal
28,000
Karnataka
14,000
Odisha
13,000
Rajasthan
9,100
Himachal Pradesh
8,400
Telangana
3,900
Goa
2,700
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 23  (only 20 largest shown)
  Uttar Pradesh 536,000
  Maharashtra 398,000
  Madhya Pradesh 197,000
  Gujarat 75,000
  Uttarakhand 70,000
  Bihar 67,000
  Chhattisgarh 59,000
  Jharkhand 51,000
  West Bengal 28,000
  Karnataka 14,000
  Odisha 13,000
  Rajasthan 9,100
  Himachal Pradesh 8,400
  Telangana 3,900
  Goa 2,700
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (793,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Marathi
313,000
Bhojpuri
80,000
Gujarati
69,000
Chhattisgarhi
44,000
Awadhi
39,000
Kumaoni
36,000
Bengali
24,000
Konkani
18,000
Kanauji
12,000
Malvi
11,000
Garhwali
10,000
Odia
10,000
Panchpargania
8,700
Magahi
7,600
Kannada
7,500
Primary Language Hindi (793,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 41
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Marathi 313,000
  Bhojpuri 80,000
  Gujarati 69,000
  Chhattisgarhi 44,000
  Awadhi 39,000
  Kumaoni 36,000
  Bengali 24,000
  Konkani 18,000
  Kanauji 12,000
  Malvi 11,000
  Garhwali 10,000
  Odia 10,000
  Panchpargania 8,700
  Magahi 7,600
  Kannada 7,500
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.98 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Anonymous  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Karen Hightower  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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