Gond in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 14 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Sargujhia 17,000
Ojha 12,000
Paharia 12,000
Kolbhuta 5,600
Thatia 5,400
Dheria 4,800
Dhulia 2,900
Thoti 2,700
Sabaria 1,600
Khatola 1,200

Introduction / History

A crude gate on the mud road, the wooden poles on both the sides and the beam across it stands high enough for any one to enter. There are remains of bundles and ropes hung on it. Among them you may find a new bundle of shrinking animal skin. If you see these before a village, you can be sure: you are entering a Gondi village.

Gonds celebrate their legacy every year during the Dasara. On that occasion, all the living heirs of the crown in each generation are honored by carrying them on a pallak (royal cart carried on shoulders).


What Are Their Lives Like?

Gonds are agriculturists and choose to live on the riverbeds close to forests. Most of them possess agricultural land. Those who have a god portion of the land cultivate rice, javar (cereals) and green dal (pulses). Tending goats and cattle are also common. Poorer Gonds work in the fields of the richer Gonds. There is not much work available for them except in farming seasons. If at all there is any work, men get about Rs. 25 and women Rs.20 as a day's wage. They love hunting and wild meats are their favorites.

Southern Gonds live in clusters. Each village will have 25 to 30 huts and is surrounded by their fields. Villages will be two to four kilometers away from one another. From one village to another or to the near by town, they travel by bullock-carts. All farmers offer sacrifices at the end of each harvest. The size of the yield determines the size of the animal offered. A good harvest may demand a goat and poorer, a chicken. Pigs are also sacrificed for a moderate harvest. For them, monsoon not only brings showers but also sicknesses.

Girls are married of between the age of 13 and 15. Marriages will be in summer. A girl and a boy in love, running away is an accepted custom. Once they come back, the Panchayat meet together to discuss the terms and conditions of the marriage. Marriages are also arranged by the parents. Depending up on the financial conditions of the families the bride groom's parents have to give the bride's parents some amount of money.

Among the Southern Gond tribes, there are seven clans. Each clan has gods numbering form one to seven. They maintain their identity and distinguish one clan form another based on the number of gods each has. People of the same clan can not get married. When one meet someone, he asks, how many gods the other person has in his clan. This is how they know whether they belong to the same clan or not. Clans with the same number of gods will not get married together. This is observed strictly. If the financial condition permits, one is allowed to have more than one wife.


What Are Their Beliefs?

They believe that evil spirits are the causes for sicknesses. Sacrifices are believed to be powerful to keep away these evil spirits. Perumal, the high-priest, responsible for three or four villages together, offers these sacrifices for every village. The sacrifice will be followed by a social dinner. The sacrificial goat has to give permission for the sacrifice by nodding its head! The people will wait till the animal does it.

The sacrifice is witnessed by the whole of the village. But the dinner made by cooking the animal will be enjoyed only by the men. All the men gather at the riverside to prepare the dinner. White toddy from palm or the country liquor called, black toddy may supplement the diner. Drinking, in general, is not just the right of men. The sacrifice animal's skin is stuffed with hay and hung on the village gate. This is to frighten the evil spirits and give courage to the villagers. The Southern Gonds prefer witch doctors even when a Public Health Centre is accessible. They will have to carry a chicken along. Gonds think that enemies' witchcraft brings them ill health. Chanted herbs or water is given by the witch doctor as remedies.


Profile Source:   Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-04
People Name General Gond
People Name in Country Gond
Population in India 13,982,000
World Population 13,988,100
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 280
Alternate Names Arakh, Asur, Chorgujar, Gondar, Gondaru, Gonr, Gulwar, Hadi, Koi, Koitur, Koytor, Maria, Muria, Nagpuria, Naikpod, Raj Gond, Rajgond, Southeastern Kolam, Tamria, गोंद
People ID 16855
ROP3 Code 112137
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Gond
People Group Gond
Ethnic Code AUG06b
Total Subgroups 14
  Sargujhia 17,000
  Ojha 12,000
  Paharia 12,000
  Kolbhuta 5,600
  Thatia 5,400
  Dheria 4,800
  Dhulia 2,900
  Thoti 2,700
  Sabaria 1,600
  Khatola 1,200
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 25
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Madhya Pradesh
5,089,000
Chhattisgarh
4,588,000
Maharashtra
1,620,000
Odisha
889,000
Assam
655,000
Uttar Pradesh
324,000
Telangana
308,000
Bihar
257,000
Karnataka
158,000
Jharkhand
54,000
West Bengal
12,000
Uttarakhand
7,600
Andhra Pradesh
6,700
Arunachal Pradesh
6,700
Gujarat
3,000
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 25  (only 20 largest shown)
  Madhya Pradesh 5,089,000
  Chhattisgarh 4,588,000
  Maharashtra 1,620,000
  Odisha 889,000
  Assam 655,000
  Uttar Pradesh 324,000
  Telangana 308,000
  Bihar 257,000
  Karnataka 158,000
  Jharkhand 54,000
  West Bengal 12,000
  Uttarakhand 7,600
  Andhra Pradesh 6,700
  Arunachal Pradesh 6,700
  Gujarat 3,000
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (5,254,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 103
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Gondi, Northern
2,604,000
Chhattisgarhi
2,066,000
Marathi
890,000
Odia
702,000
Assamese
455,000
Bhatri
314,000
Halbi
237,000
Maria
231,000
Gondi, Aheri
217,000
Telugu
194,000
Koya
158,000
Kannada
151,000
Duruwa
122,000
Bhojpuri
110,000
Gondi, Adilabad
87,000
Primary Language Hindi (5,254,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 103
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Gondi, Northern 2,604,000
  Chhattisgarhi 2,066,000
  Marathi 890,000
  Odia 702,000
  Assamese 455,000
  Bhatri 314,000
  Halbi 237,000
  Maria 231,000
  Gondi, Aheri 217,000
  Telugu 194,000
  Koya 158,000
  Kannada 151,000
  Duruwa 122,000
  Bhojpuri 110,000
  Gondi, Adilabad 87,000
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.04 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.82 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
91.21 %
Islam
0.16 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
7.77 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Yann Forget / Wikimedia Commons  Creative Commons  All rights reserved. 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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