Baidya (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 4

Subgroup Name Population
Barendra Unknown
Bhanga Unknown
Kulia Unknown
Rarhi Unknown

Introduction / History

The Baidya or Vaidya are a Hindu people who live in northeast India and Bangladesh. Their traditional occupation is being physicians. Vaidya means one who knows, studies and teaches the Vedas, the Hindu Scriptures. The Baidya are one of the highest Hindu castes equal to the Brahmins in India and Bangladesh. The kings from the Sena dynasty of the 11th and 12th centuries were Baidya. Besides being medical doctors, the Baidya served as high-ranking military officers and as royal advisers. They were often given large tracts of land due to their service to the king.

Today the Baidya continue to become physicians. Frequently, they are trained in both traditional Indian Ayurveda and Western medicine.

The primary language of the Baidya is Bengali. As educated Indians and Bangladeshi, they also speak English and Hindi.


Where Are they Located?

Most Baidya live in the India state of West Bengal. Smaller groups live in other Indian states and in Bangladesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Baidya are one of the most respected castes in the Hindu system. Many of them still serve as physicians and in other professions like law and engineering. Baidya encourage their children to obtain graduate degrees in university. The Baidya own land that is worked by lower castes.

The Baidya are generally monogamous, meaning they only have one spouse. Families arrange marriages with the consent of the young adults. The Baidya often serve as priests in their own important family celebrations.

Most Baidya are not vegetarians but will not eat beef. Their primary foods are rice, grains, vegetables, fruit and dairy products.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Baidya practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Baidya visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs. The Baidya pay special reverence to Vishnu, the preserver god and Surya, the sun god.

The main yearly holidays of the Baidya people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Baidya need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They must come to realize that they are sinners who need the Savior.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Baidya (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray that a strong movement to Jesus will bring whole Baidya families and communities into a rich experience of God's blessings.
* Pray the Lord will give Baidya families understanding and responsive hearts as they hear about the love of Christ.
* Pray that the Lord leads believers to build redeeming relationships with Baidya to show them that money and a high position in society do not bring peace of mind or the forgiveness of sins.


References

wikipedia.org/wiki/Baidya
indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Baidya,_Vaidya,_Baid,_Vaida


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Baidya (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Baidya (Hindu traditions)
World Population 412,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
Alternate Names Baid; Baidya; Baidyakar; Bediya; Munida; Vaidya; Vaidya/Bede; Vaidyansi; बैदया (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 16295
ROP3 Code 111421
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 18
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
West Bengal
226,000
Tripura
30,000
Jharkhand
13,000
Bihar
9,500
Odisha
2,600
Meghalaya
700
Maharashtra
700
Delhi
700
Chhattisgarh
500
Nagaland
300
Andaman and Nicobar
300
Uttar Pradesh
200
Madhya Pradesh
100
Mizoram
80
Manipur
80
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 18
  West Bengal 226,000
  Tripura 30,000
  Jharkhand 13,000
  Bihar 9,500
  Odisha 2,600
  Meghalaya 700
  Maharashtra 700
  Delhi 700
  Chhattisgarh 500
  Nagaland 300
  Andaman and Nicobar 300
  Uttar Pradesh 200
  Madhya Pradesh 100
  Mizoram 80
  Manipur 80
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Bengali (233,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
Hindi
39,000
Bhojpuri
3,300
Kok Borok
2,400
Odia
1,100
Maithili
500
Assamese
300
Magahi
300
Primary Language Bengali (233,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 39,000
  Bhojpuri 3,300
  Kok Borok 2,400
  Odia 1,100
  Maithili 500
  Assamese 300
  Magahi 300
People Groups Speaking Bengali

Primary Language:  Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1800-1980)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1801-1984)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Bangla Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Mussolmani Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament- Common Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Bengali
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 3 - Woman at the Well
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.32 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.68 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2019  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.