Munda in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 1

Subgroup Name Population
Nagbansi 29,000

Introduction / History

The Munda probably came to India from South East Asia hundreds of years ago. Most Munda live across northeast and central India. Most Indian Hindus see the Munda as outside the caste system. The Munda are one of the largest tribal people groups of India. They are one of the Scheduled Classes, which means the Munda are guaranteed places in education and government jobs. The Munda speak many different regional languages including their own language of Mundari, Assamese and Hindi. During the colonial period much of their land was taken away and they became agricultural workers tied to the land.


Where Are they Located?

The Munda live primarily in the northeast Indian states of Assam, Jharkand, Odisha and West Bengal.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Munda have traditionally been farm laborers, woodcutters and basket weavers. They live in their own villages although some educated Munda have moved to the cities. They are endogamous, that is, they marry within their community. Society is patriarchal with older men ruling over the villages. A newly married couple lives with or near the husband's parents. Sons inherit land, houses and possessions. The main occupation of the Munda men and women is agriculture with most working fields owned by others. The Munda eat meat except for beef. Their main food is rice along with fruits and vegetables. The Munda have elaborate rituals to celebrate birth, death, engagement and marriage according to the Wikipedia article on the Munda.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of the Munda consider themselves Hindus. However, orthodox Hindus see the Munda as practicing a religion called Sarnaism, the religion of the holy woods or Sal trees. Followers of Sarnaism worship the Creator God, Dharmesh or Singbonga, and the Mother Earth Goddess, Chalapachho Devi. Those who practice Sarnaism worship in village temples or in sacred groves of Sal trees. Each village has one or more priests who lead in worship. A small percent of Munda call themselves Christians.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Munda in India.

Pray the Lord would lead Christian workers to become friends with the Munda and help them with their medical, educational and business needs.
Pray the Munda Christians would receive Bible and leadership training and be willing to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.
Pray that Bible believing churches would be established among the Munda.


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2020-11-08
People Name General Munda
People Name in Country Munda
Population this Country 4,294,000
Population all Countries 4,352,000
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Colh; Haroko; Hor; Horohon; Horo-hon; Kaur; Manki; Mudus; Mundu; Mura; मुंडा
People ID 13867
ROP3 Code 106893
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 23
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Assam
1,679,000
Jharkhand
1,445,000
Odisha
656,000
West Bengal
428,000
Arunachal Pradesh
20,000
Chhattisgarh
18,000
Tripura
17,000
Bihar
16,000
Madhya Pradesh
6,000
Manipur
2,700
Andaman and Nicobar
2,500
Nagaland
800
Rajasthan
500
Maharashtra
500
Delhi
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 23  (only 20 largest shown)
  Assam 1,679,000
  Jharkhand 1,445,000
  Odisha 656,000
  West Bengal 428,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 20,000
  Chhattisgarh 18,000
  Tripura 17,000
  Bihar 16,000
  Madhya Pradesh 6,000
  Manipur 2,700
  Andaman and Nicobar 2,500
  Nagaland 800
  Rajasthan 500
  Maharashtra 500
  Delhi 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Mundari (1,059,000 speakers)
Language Code unr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 74
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Assamese
1,020,000
Hindi
463,000
Munda
332,000
Bengali
308,000
Odia
289,000
Santhali
65,000
Ho
47,000
Kurux
44,000
Chhattisgarhi
20,000
Sadri
16,000
Marathi
5,300
Kuvi
4,800
Magahi
3,600
Punjabi, Eastern
1,700
Kharia
1,700
Primary Language Mundari (1,059,000 speakers)
Language Code unr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 74
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Assamese 1,020,000
  Hindi 463,000
  Munda 332,000
  Bengali 308,000
  Odia 289,000
  Santhali 65,000
  Ho 47,000
  Kurux 44,000
  Chhattisgarhi 20,000
  Sadri 16,000
  Marathi 5,300
  Kuvi 4,800
  Magahi 3,600
  Punjabi, Eastern 1,700
  Kharia 1,700
People Groups Speaking Mundari

Primary Language:  Mundari

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1876-1965)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2020-2021)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1910-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mundari
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
General Gospel resources links
General Gospel website in this language
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.05 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
19.38 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
63.04 %
Islam
0.20 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
17.32 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Ramesh Lalwani - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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