Munda in India


Population
3,659,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Munda probably came to India from South East Asia hundreds of years ago. Most Munda live across northeast and central India. Most Indian Hindus see the Munda as outside the caste system. The Munda are one of the largest tribal people groups of India. They are one of the Scheduled Classes, which means the Munda are guaranteed places in education and government jobs. The Munda speak many different regional languages including their own language of Mundari, Assamese and Hindi. During the colonial period much of their land was taken away and they became agricultural workers tied to the land.


Where Are they Located?

The Munda live primarily in the northeast Indian states of Assam, Jharkand, Odisha and West Bengal.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Munda have traditionally been farm laborers, woodcutters and basket weavers. They live in their own villages although some educated Munda have moved to the cities. They are endogamous, that is, they marry within their community. Society is patriarchal with older men ruling over the villages. A newly married couple lives with or near the husband’s parents. Sons inherit land, houses and possessions. The main occupation of the Munda men and women is agriculture with most working fields owned by others. The Munda eat meat except for beef. Their main food is rice along with fruits and vegetables. The Munda have elaborate rituals to celebrate birth, death, engagement and marriage according to the Wikipedia article on the Munda.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of the Munda consider themselves Hindus. However, orthodox Hindus see the Munda as practicing a religion called Sarnaism, the religion of the holy woods or Sal trees. Followers of Sarnaism worship the Creator God, Dharmesh or Singbonga, and the Mother Earth Goddess, Chalapachho Devi. Those who practice Sarnaism worship in village temples or in sacred groves of Sal trees. Each village has one or more priests who lead in worship. A small percent of Munda call themselves Christians.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord would lead Christian workers to become friends with the Munda and help them with their medical, educational and business needs.
* Pray the Munda Christians would receive Bible and leadership training and be willing to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.
* Pray that Bible believing churches would be established among the Munda.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Munda
People Name in Country Munda
Population in India 3,659,000
World Population 3,805,600
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Colh, Haroko, Hor, Horohon, Horo-hon, Kaur, Manki, Mudus, Mundu, Mura, मुंडा
People ID 13867
ROP3 Code 106893
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Group Munda
Ethnic Code AUG04b
Total Subgroups on file 20
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Haro Kili
136,000
Munda Kili
136,000
Nag Kili
136,000
Soi Kili
136,000
Nagbansi
29,000
Nagpuria Munda
27,000
Kolhani Munda
26,000
Lohara Munda
26,000
Tamadia Munda
26,000
Santali Munda
25,000
Munda Majhi
12,000
Bhumij Munda
11,000
Kharia Munda
11,000
Saora Munda
11,000
Kol Munda
10,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Group Munda
Ethnic Code AUG04b
Total Subgroups 20 (only 15 largest shown)
  Haro Kili 136,000
  Munda Kili 136,000
  Nag Kili 136,000
  Soi Kili 136,000
  Nagbansi 29,000
  Nagpuria Munda 27,000
  Kolhani Munda 26,000
  Lohara Munda 26,000
  Tamadia Munda 26,000
  Santali Munda 25,000
  Munda Majhi 12,000
  Bhumij Munda 11,000
  Kharia Munda 11,000
  Saora Munda 11,000
  Kol Munda 10,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 23
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Assam
1,430,000
Jharkhand
1,227,000
Odisha
565,000
West Bengal
366,000
Arunachal Pradesh
17,000
Chhattisgarh
15,000
Tripura
15,000
Bihar
14,000
Madhya Pradesh
5,800
Andaman and Nicobar
2,100
Manipur
800
Nagaland
600
Rajasthan
400
Maharashtra
400
Delhi
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 23  (only 20 largest shown)
  Assam 1,430,000
  Jharkhand 1,227,000
  Odisha 565,000
  West Bengal 366,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 17,000
  Chhattisgarh 15,000
  Tripura 15,000
  Bihar 14,000
  Madhya Pradesh 5,800
  Andaman and Nicobar 2,100
  Manipur 800
  Nagaland 600
  Rajasthan 400
  Maharashtra 400
  Delhi 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Mundari (1,050,000 speakers)
Language Code unr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 63
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Assamese
1,018,000
Hindi
460,000
Munda
329,000
Odia
300,000
Bengali
299,000
Santhali
65,000
Ho
53,000
Kurux
49,000
Chhattisgarhi
21,000
Sadri
16,000
Kuvi
5,500
Marathi
5,300
Telugu
3,700
Magahi
2,400
Punjabi, Eastern
1,700
Other People Groups Speaking Mundari
Primary Language Mundari (1,050,000 speakers)
Language Code unr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 63
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Assamese 1,018,000
  Hindi 460,000
  Munda 329,000
  Odia 300,000
  Bengali 299,000
  Santhali 65,000
  Ho 53,000
  Kurux 49,000
  Chhattisgarhi 21,000
  Sadri 16,000
  Kuvi 5,500
  Marathi 5,300
  Telugu 3,700
  Magahi 2,400
  Punjabi, Eastern 1,700
People Groups Speaking Mundari

Primary Language:  Mundari

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1876-1965)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1895-2001)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1910-2002)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mundari
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.03 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
18.03 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
62.08 %
Islam
0.41 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.03 %
Unknown
19.42 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




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