Munda in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 20 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Haro Kili 136,000
Munda Kili 136,000
Nag Kili 136,000
Soi Kili 136,000
Nagbansi 29,000
Nagpuria Munda 27,000
Kolhani Munda 26,000
Lohara Munda 26,000
Tamadia Munda 26,000
Santali Munda 25,000

Introduction / History

The Munda probably came to India from South East Asia hundreds of years ago. Most Munda live across northeast and central India. Most Indian Hindus see the Munda as outside the caste system. The Munda are one of the largest tribal people groups of India. They are one of the Scheduled Classes, which means the Munda are guaranteed places in education and government jobs. The Munda speak many different regional languages including their own language of Mundari, Assamese and Hindi. During the colonial period much of their land was taken away and they became agricultural workers tied to the land.


Where Are they Located?

The Munda live primarily in the northeast Indian states of Assam, Jharkand, Odisha and West Bengal.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Munda have traditionally been farm laborers, woodcutters and basket weavers. They live in their own villages although some educated Munda have moved to the cities. They are endogamous, that is, they marry within their community. Society is patriarchal with older men ruling over the villages. A newly married couple lives with or near the husband's parents. Sons inherit land, houses and possessions. The main occupation of the Munda men and women is agriculture with most working fields owned by others. The Munda eat meat except for beef. Their main food is rice along with fruits and vegetables. The Munda have elaborate rituals to celebrate birth, death, engagement and marriage according to the Wikipedia article on the Munda.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of the Munda consider themselves Hindus. However, orthodox Hindus see the Munda as practicing a religion called Sarnaism, the religion of the holy woods or Sal trees. Followers of Sarnaism worship the Creator God, Dharmesh or Singbonga, and the Mother Earth Goddess, Chalapachho Devi. Those who practice Sarnaism worship in village temples or in sacred groves of Sal trees. Each village has one or more priests who lead in worship. A small percent of Munda call themselves Christians.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord would lead Christian workers to become friends with the Munda and help them with their medical, educational and business needs.
* Pray the Munda Christians would receive Bible and leadership training and be willing to share the gospel with their brothers and sisters.
* Pray that Bible believing churches would be established among the Munda.


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Munda
People Name in Country Munda
World Population 3,812,700
Total Countries 5
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 2
Unreached No
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 6  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed
Alternate Names Colh, Haroko, Hor, Horohon, Horo-hon, Kaur, Manki, Mudus, Mundu, Mura, मुंडा
People ID 13867
ROP3 Code 106893
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Munda-Santal
People Group Munda
Ethnic Code AUG04b
Total Subgroups 20 (only 15 largest shown)
  Haro Kili 136,000
  Munda Kili 136,000
  Nag Kili 136,000
  Soi Kili 136,000
  Nagbansi 29,000
  Nagpuria Munda 27,000
  Kolhani Munda 26,000
  Lohara Munda 26,000
  Tamadia Munda 26,000
  Santali Munda 25,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 23
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Assam
1,435,000
Jharkhand
1,229,000
Odisha
559,000
West Bengal
367,000
Arunachal Pradesh
17,000
Chhattisgarh
15,000
Tripura
15,000
Bihar
14,000
Madhya Pradesh
5,200
Manipur
2,300
Andaman and Nicobar
2,100
Nagaland
700
Maharashtra
500
Rajasthan
400
Delhi
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 23  (only 20 largest shown)
  Assam 1,435,000
  Jharkhand 1,229,000
  Odisha 559,000
  West Bengal 367,000
  Arunachal Pradesh 17,000
  Chhattisgarh 15,000
  Tripura 15,000
  Bihar 14,000
  Madhya Pradesh 5,200
  Manipur 2,300
  Andaman and Nicobar 2,100
  Nagaland 700
  Maharashtra 500
  Rajasthan 400
  Delhi 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Mundari (1,048,000 speakers)
Language Code unr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 74
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Assamese
1,018,000
Hindi
459,000
Munda
325,000
Bengali
299,000
Odia
289,000
Santhali
66,000
Ho
47,000
Kurux
44,000
Chhattisgarhi
20,000
Sadri
16,000
Marathi
5,300
Kuvi
4,800
Magahi
2,400
Punjabi, Eastern
1,700
Kharia
1,700
Primary Language Mundari (1,048,000 speakers)
Language Code unr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 74
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Assamese 1,018,000
  Hindi 459,000
  Munda 325,000
  Bengali 299,000
  Odia 289,000
  Santhali 66,000
  Ho 47,000
  Kurux 44,000
  Chhattisgarhi 20,000
  Sadri 16,000
  Marathi 5,300
  Kuvi 4,800
  Magahi 2,400
  Punjabi, Eastern 1,700
  Kharia 1,700
People Groups Speaking Mundari

Primary Language:  Mundari

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1876-1965)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1895-2001)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1910-2002)
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mundari
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.04 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
20.34 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
62.17 %
Islam
0.20 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
17.23 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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