Kazakh in Russia

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Traditionally the Kazakhs were a semi nomadic, equestrian tribal people who roamed the Ural Mountains and the regions of North and Central Asia of Eurasia. As several clans formed a federation for mutual protection, they took on an ethnic identity of their own. The late 15th and early 16th centuries were instrumental in the development of Kazakh identity as an ethnic group. Kazakhs have preserved their culture in part by keeping a tradition of oral history.During the late 19th and early 20th centuries, the annexation of Central Asia by Russia and the Soviet Union respectively resulted in many Kazakhs fleeing the steppes, with many later becoming citizens of other countries. Today, the ethnic Kazakh population of Russia lives primarily in the regions bordering Kazakhstan.Since 1991, the government of Kazakhstan, as part of their nation building strategy, has actively supported the return migration of ‘oralman’, (the Kazakh word for those in diaspora), by offering incentives to lure them into settling in Kazakhstan. As a result, one million ethnic Kazakhs have repatriated to their ancestral homeland. However, there are still many thousands of ethnic Kazakhs living in Russia.

What Are Their Lives Like?

As the Kazakhs dispersed during the Soviet annexation, the diaspora Kazakhs, over time, embraced the language and traditions of the land they emigrated to. Most of the Kazakhs in Russia speak Russian, though they might speak Kazakh at home.Most Kazakhs in Russia live in an urban environment in houses or small apartments, taking up low paid jobs. Western style dress is common among urban Kazakhs.The Kazakhs in Russia eat mainly the foods of the host country, but they also have their own cuisine. Besbarmak is a traditional Kazakh food, made with boiled lamb. Rice and bread are common staples. The Kazakhs enjoy eating apples, grapes, melons, and tomatoes. They have tea with almost every meal.The structure of the Kazakh family is patriarchal, or male-dominated, but this is gradually changing. Such changes have caused a breakdown in the traditional Kazakh family. However, Kazakhs still retain an extremely hierarchical view. Elderly people and those with high positions are given great respect and honor.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Kazakhs are Sunni Muslims, but they can easily become secularized in urban Russia.Islam was first introduced to them in the early eighth century. Their Islamic practices are blended with traditional folk religions such as shamanism, animism and ancestor worship. Even urban Kazakhs in Russia consult shamans (priests who communicate with the spirits). They also practice traditional rituals before and after marriage, at birth and at death. Many of them wear protection beads and talisman to ward off the evil spirits and the evil eye.Since 1818, missionary efforts by various Christian organizations have borne fruit among the Kazakhs in Kazakhstan. Today, the entire Bible, in modern translation, is available in the country. There was a major push to reach the Kazakhs in Kazakhstan in the 1990s, but there was less of an effort to reach them in Russia.

What Are Their Needs?

The Kazakhs in Russia need better education so they can get high paying jobs in Russia. As Central Asians, they are often looked down upon by the Russian majority. They need the Lord’s protection from occasional outbreaks of ethnic violence.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Kazakh in Russia.

Ask the Lord to send long term laborers to live among Kazakhs and share the love of Christ with them.Ask the Holy Spirit to open the hearts of Kazakhs so that they will be receptive to Jesus Christ.Pray that Christian businessmen will have open doors to share the gospel.Ask the Lord to raise up strong local churches that will plant other churches.Pray for Kazakh missionaries to willingly preach the gospel to Kazakhs, even in Russia.Pray for “Open Doors” as they strive to meet the needs of Central Asian believers when they are imprisoned, excluded from families and communities, and deprived of livelihood and employment because of their faith.

Profile Source:   JoshuaProject  

The Kazakhs of Central Asia
Source:  Asia Harvest      Download

Additional Info
Kazakhs profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
People Name General Kazakh
People Name in Country Kazakh
Pronunciation KAH-zahk
Population this Country 660,000
Population all Countries 15,888,000
Total Countries 25
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 13
Alternate Names Gazaqi; Hazake; Kazax; Qazaq; Qazaqi; कॅज़ॅक
People ID 12599
ROP3 Code 104791
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Primary Language Kazakh
Language Code kaz   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Kazakh
Language Code kaz   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Kazakh

Primary Language:  Kazakh

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1818-1989)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1820-2008)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1820-2011)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jans Testimony
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kazakh
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from FCBH
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter Tools for faith conversations
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.01 %)
0.10 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
65.90 %
34.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
1.0 %
83.0 %
Other Christian
2.0 %
7.0 %
Roman Catholic
7.0 %
Photo Source Petar Milošević - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Video Source Asia Harvest
Profile Source JoshuaProject  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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