Country:

India

Province / State: Tamil Nadu
District: Madurai

Number of People Groups

279

Unreached People Groups

250

Total Population

3,556,000

Buddhist

0.0 %

Christian

3.3 %

Hindu

90.8 %

Muslim

5.6 %

Sikh

0.0 %

Other Religions

0.4 %
Click column headings for sorting ▲▼
Photo People Group Population Primary Language Progress
Scale
Hindu Muslim Buddhist Christian Sikh Other
 Adi Andhra 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
 Adi Dravida 48,000 Tamil 47,000 - 60 90 - -
Adi Dravida Christian 1,800 Tamil - - - 1,800 - -
 Adiyan 40 Malayalam 40 - - - - -
Agamudaiyan Nattaman 500 Tamil 500 - - - - -
 Agamudaiyan unspecified 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
 Alavan 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Ambalavasi 2,300 Malayalam 2,300 - - - - -
Ambalavasi Kambalattu 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Ambalavasi Tottiyan Naicker 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
 Ambattan (Hindu traditions) 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Ambattan Christian Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
Anglo Indian 200 English - - - 200 - -
Anuppan 100 Kannada 100 - - - - -
Arasar Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
Arasar Christian 30 Malayalam - - - 30 - -
Arayan 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Arunthathiyar 10,000 Tamil 10,000 - - - - -
Ayyanavar 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Badhai (Hindu traditions) 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Baira Unknown Kannada - - - - - -
 Bairagi (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
 Balija (Hindu traditions) 200 Kannada 200 - - - - -
 Bania Agarwal 1,100 Hindi 900 - - - - 100
 Bania Chetti 51,000 Tamil 51,000 - - - - 700
 Bania Komti 800 Telugu 800 - - - - -
 Bania Oswal 700 Hindi 600 - - - - 100
 Bania Srimali 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Bania unspecified 72,000 Hindi 71,000 - - - - 1,000
 Banijiga 2,300 Kannada 2,300 - - - - -
 Baria (Hindu traditions) 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
 Basor 23,000 Hindi 23,000 - - - - -
Bathada 60 Kannada 60 - - - - -
 Bedar (Hindu traditions) 7,800 Kannada 7,800 - - - - -
 Beldar (Hindu traditions) 800 Kannada 800 - - - - -
 Bhat (Hindu traditions) Unknown Hindi - - - - - -
 Bhoi (Hindu traditions) 3,300 Hindi 3,300 - - - - -
 Bohra 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
 Boya 16,000 Telugu 16,000 - - - - -
Brahmin Anavala 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Brahmin Ashtashasram 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Audich 800 Gujarati 800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Christian 100 Tamil - - - 100 - -
Brahmin Dravida 2,600 Tamil 2,600 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaud Saraswat 100 Marathi 100 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gaur 7,900 Hindi 7,900 - - - - -
 Brahmin Gujar Gaur 900 Hindi 900 - - - - -
 Brahmin Iyer 20,000 Tamil 20,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Joshi 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Brahmin Kannada 3,800 Kannada 3,800 - - - - -
Brahmin Kosala Nadu 500 Telugu 500 - - - - -
Brahmin Mahratta 60 Marathi 60 - - - - -
Brahmin Marathi 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
Brahmin Modh 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
Brahmin Nambudiri 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
Brahmin Pancha Dravida 2,600 Malayalam 2,600 - - - - -
Brahmin Potti 50 Malayalam 50 - - - - -
 Brahmin Saraswat 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Brahmin Sawaria 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
Brahmin Sholiar 3,800 Tamil 3,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Tamil 39,000 Tamil 39,000 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telaganya 1,800 Telugu 1,800 - - - - -
 Brahmin Telugu 9,400 Telugu 9,400 - - - - -
 Brahmin unspecified 163,000 Hindi 163,000 - - 30 - 400
 Brahmin Velanadu 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Budega Jangam 400 Telugu 400 - - - - -
 Burmese Unknown Burmese - - - - - -
Byari (Beary) 500 Konkani - 500 - - - -
Chackaravar 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Chakkiliyan (Christian traditions) 2,900 Tamil - - - 2,900 - -
 Chakkiliyan (Hindu traditions) 78,000 Tamil 78,000 - 30 - - -
 Chamar (Hindu traditions) 20 Hindi 20 - - - - -
Chandala 40 Odia 40 - - - - -
Chayakkaran 4,700 Tamil 4,700 - - - - -
Cherumar Christian 1,300 Malayalam - - - 1,300 - -
 Christian 4,300 Hindi - - - 4,300 - -
 Devanga 1,800 Kannada 1,700 - - 50 - -
 Devendrakulathan 3,300 Tamil 3,300 - - - - -
 Devipujak Vaghri (Hindu traditions) 300 Gujarati 300 - - - - -
 Dhangar Bharwad 2,200 Gujarati 2,200 - - - - -
 Dhobi (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Hindi 19,000 - - - - -
Dom (Dombara) 300 Telugu 300 - - - - -
 Domar (Hindu traditions) 800 Odia 800 - - - - -
 Gamit 300 Gamit 300 - - - - -
 Gandla 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
 Gangakula 5,000 Kannada 5,000 - - - - -
 Gavara 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Ghanchi (Hindu traditions) 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Hajam 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Han Chinese, Mandarin Unknown Chinese, Mandarin - - - - - -
 Hill Pulayan 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - - - -
 Holar Unknown Marathi - - - - - -
Idayan 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
 Ilavan 240,000 Malayalam 240,000 - - - - -
Ilavan Christian 800 Tamil - - - 800 - -
Ilavaniyan 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
Ilavathi 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
 Irular 20 Irula 20 - - - - -
 Jat (Hindu traditions) 100 Hindi 100 - - - - -
 Jat (Sikh traditions) 200 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 200 -
 Jhinwar (Sikh traditions) 50 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 50 -
Kadaiyar Unknown Tamil - - - - - -
 Kadan Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
 Kaikolan 85,000 Tamil 85,000 - - - - -
 Kakkalan 1,600 Malayalam 1,600 - - - - -
 Kalal (Hindu traditions) 8,800 Telugu 8,800 - - - - -
 Kalal Idiga 8,200 Telugu 8,200 - - - - -
Kalladi 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
Kallan Tondaman 11,000 Tamil 11,000 - - 200 - -
Kallan unspecified 26,000 Tamil 26,000 - - 200 - -
Kammara 200 Telugu 200 - - - - -
Kanakkan 800 Malayalam 800 - - - - -
 Kaniyan 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Kapu Reddi 900 Telugu 900 - - - - -
 Kapu unspecified 18,000 Telugu 18,000 - - - - -
Kapu Vadugan 4,500 Telugu 4,500 - - - - -
Karimpalan Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
 Kasar (Hindu traditions) 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
 Kattunayakan 5,700 Tamil 5,500 - - 60 - 40
Kavara 60 Tamil 60 - - - - -
 Kharva (Hindu traditions) 30 Gujarati 30 - - - - -
 Koli (Hindu traditions) 2,300 Hindi 2,300 - - - - -
 Koli Mahadev 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
 Koli Malhar 20 Marathi 20 - - - - -
 Koli of Gujarat 2,200 Gujarati 2,200 - - - - -
 Konda Reddi 60 Telugu 60 - - - - -
 Korama unspecified 400 Kannada 400 - - - - -
 Kori 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Koshti 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
Krishnanvak 300 Malayalam 300 - - - - -
Kuda Korava 90 Tamil 90 - - - - -
Kudiya Unknown Kudiya - - - - - -
 Kudumban 400 Tamil 100 - - 300 - -
 Kudumi 8,400 Tamil 8,400 - - - - -
 Kumhar (Hindu traditions) 1,800 Hindi 1,800 - - - - -
 Kunbi (Hindu traditions) 14,000 Gujarati 14,000 - - - - -
Kunchatiga 1,600 Kannada 1,600 - - - - -
Kuravan (Christian traditions) 200 Tamil - - - 200 - -
 Kuravan (Hindu traditions) 7,500 Malayalam 7,500 - - - - -
 Kurmi (Hindu traditions) 4,700 Hindi 4,700 - - - - -
 Kuruba 700 Kannada 700 - - - - -
 Kuruman 20 Kurumba, Betta 20 - - - - -
 Lingayat 10,000 Kannada - - - - - 10,000
 Lohana 20 Gujarati 20 - - - - -
Madari (Hindu traditions) 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
 Madiga (Hindu traditions) Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
 Mahar (Buddhist traditions) 50 Marathi 50 - - - - -
 Mahratta Kunbi 200 Gujarati 200 - - - - -
 Mahratta unspecified 400 Marathi 400 - - - - -
 Mahyavanshi 600 Gujarati 600 - - - - -
Maila 20 Tulu 20 - - - - -
 Mala (Christian traditions) 30 Telugu - - - 30 - -
 Mala (Hindu traditions) 20 Telugu 20 - - - - -
Mala Pulayan 16,000 Telugu 16,000 - - - - -
 Malabar Catholic 900 Malayalam - - - 900 - -
Malai Pandaram 60 Malayalam 60 - - - - -
 Malai Vedan 5,300 Malayalam 5,300 - - - - -
Malakkuravan 400 Tamil 400 - - - - -
Malakuravan 100 Tamil 100 - - - - -
Malasar 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
Malayan, tribe 1,100 Tamil 1,100 - - - - -
Malayarayar 30 Malayalam 30 - - - - -
 Mangala 6,500 Telugu 6,500 - - - - -
 Mannan, caste 5,800 Malayalam 5,800 - - - - -
 Mappila 1,500 Malayalam - 1,500 - - - -
 Maravan 291,000 Tamil 289,000 - - 1,900 - -
 Matang (Hindu traditions) 30 Marathi 30 - - - - -
 Memon 200 Gujarati - 200 - - - -
 Moghal 40 Urdu - 40 - - - -
 Momna 60 Gujarati - 60 - - - -
Mukkuvan (Christian traditions) 20 Malayalam - - - 20 - -
Mukkuvan (Hindu traditions) 60 Malayalam 60 - - - - -
 Munnur 1,100 Telugu 1,100 - - - - -
Mutali 6,000 Tamil 6,000 - - - - -
 Mutrasi 900 Telugu 700 - - 100 - -
Nadar (Christian traditions) 22,000 Tamil - - - 22,000 - -
 Nadar (Hindu traditions) 110,000 Tamil 110,000 - - - - -
 Nai (Hindu traditions) 24,000 Hindi 24,000 - - - - -
 Nair 106,000 Malayalam 106,000 - - - - -
Nalkadaya 20 Tulu 20 - - - - -
Navait 2,600 Konkani - 2,600 - - - -
 Navithan 87,000 Tamil 87,000 - - - - -
 Nayadi Unknown Gujarati - - - - - -
Pagadai 400 Tamil 400 - - - - -
 Paliyan 50 Tamil 50 - - - - -
Pallan (Christian traditions) 49,000 Tamil - - - 49,000 - -
 Pallan (Hindu traditions) 157,000 Tamil 156,000 - 30 700 - -
Palliyan 20 Tamil - - - - - -
Palliyar 400 Tamil 400 - - - - -
 Panan 3,100 Tamil 3,100 - - - - -
Panikkan 9,700 Tamil 9,700 - - - - -
 Paniyan 40 Paniya 30 - - - - -
 Pannadi 40 Tamil 40 - - - - -
Paraiyan (Christian traditions) 18,000 Tamil - - - 18,000 - -
 Paraiyan (Hindu traditions) 164,000 Tamil 164,000 - 30 200 20 -
Paravan (Christian traditions) 30 Tamil - - - 30 - -
 Paravan (Hindu traditions) 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Pashtun Afridi 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
 Pashtun Kakar 1,100 Urdu - 1,100 - - - -
 Pashtun Lodhi (Dalazak) 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Pashtun Mohmand 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Pashtun Yusafzai 1,900 Urdu - 1,900 - - - -
 Pashtun, Pathan 14,000 Urdu - 14,000 - - - -
 Patelia 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Pathiyan 600 Malayalam 600 - - - - -
Patnulkaran 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Perumal Makkukkaran 50 Telugu 50 - - - - -
Perumannan 200 Malayalam 200 - - - - -
 Pulayan unspecified 20 Malayalam 20 - - - - -
 Puthirai Vannan 2,300 Tamil 2,200 - - 70 - -
 Rabari (Hindu traditions) 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Raddi 70 Kannada 70 - - - - -
 Rajput (Hindu traditions) 31,000 Hindi 31,000 - - - - 80
 Rajput (Sikh traditions) 100 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 100 -
Rajput Chandrabansi 600 Hindi 600 - - - - -
 Rajput Chauhan (Hindu traditions) 200 Hindi 200 - - - - -
 Rajput Solanki 60 Hindi 60 - - - - -
 Rajput Surajbansi 6,400 Hindi 6,400 - - - - -
 Rathawa 200 Rathawi 200 - - - - -
 Ravalia 50 Gujarati 50 - - - - -
 Razu 1,500 Telugu 1,500 - - - - -
 Sali 1,700 Kannada 1,700 - - - - -
 Samban 300 Tamil 300 - - - - -
Sayankulam 400 Tamil 400 - - - - -
 Sayyid 6,900 Urdu - 6,900 - - - -
Semman 200 Tamil 200 - - - - -
Shaikh Faruqi 300 Urdu - 300 - - - -
 Shaikh Qureshi 2,900 Urdu - 2,900 - - - -
 Shaikh Siddiqi 600 Urdu - 600 - - - -
 Shaikh unspecified 39,000 Urdu - 39,000 - - - -
Silpi 1,900 Telugu 1,900 - - - - -
 Sinhalese 40 Sinhala - - 40 - - -
 Soligar 20 Sholaga 20 - - - - -
 Sonar (Hindu traditions) 2,300 Hindi 2,300 - - - - 50
 Syrian Christian 1,300 Malayalam - - - 1,300 - -
 Tamil (Muslim traditions) 121,000 Tamil - 121,000 - - - -
 Tarkhan (Sikh traditions) 90 Punjabi, Eastern - - - - 90 -
 Teli (Hindu traditions) 500 Hindi 500 - - - - -
Thandan (Hindu traditions) 1,400 Malayalam 1,400 - - - - -
 Tholuva Naicker 20 Tamil 20 - - - - -
 Thoti, caste Unknown Telugu - - - - - -
Tiruvalluvar 40 Tamil 40 - - - - -
 Toda Unknown Toda - - - - - -
 Urali Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
 Vaddar (Hindu traditions) 6,600 Telugu 6,600 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Kappiliyan 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
Vakkaliga Kunchitiga 2,400 Kannada 2,400 - - - - -
 Vakkaliga unspecified 21,000 Kannada 21,000 - - - - -
Valan 80 Malayalam 80 - - - - -
 Valluvan 1,500 Tamil 1,500 - - - - -
Vaniyan 39,000 Tamil 38,000 - - 500 - -
Vannan (Christian traditions) 600 Tamil - - - 600 - -
 Vannan (Hindu traditions) 19,000 Tamil 19,000 - - - - -
 Vanniyan 154,000 Tamil 153,000 - - 1,100 - -
Vanniyan Agnikula 7,500 Tamil 7,500 - - 60 - -
 Varli 200 Varli 200 - - - - -
Vathiriyan (Christian traditions) 300 Tamil - - - 300 - -
 Vathiriyan (Hindu traditions) 60 Tamil 60 - - - - -
Velakkithalanayan 9,500 Malayalam 9,500 - - - - -
Velan Unknown Malayalam - - - - - -
Vellalan Isai 12,000 Tamil 12,000 - - - - -
Vellalan Kongu 1,800 Tamil 1,800 - - - - -
Vellalan Nanchilnattu 16,000 Tamil 15,000 - - 800 - -
Vellalan Sozhia 8,900 Tamil 8,900 - - - - -
Vellalan Tondamandalam 14,000 Tamil 13,000 - - 400 - -
 Vellalan unspecified 112,000 Tamil 107,000 - - 4,500 - -
Vellalan Virakodi 8,900 Tamil 8,900 - - - - -
Veluthadanayar 7,300 Malayalam 7,300 - - - - -
Vetan (Hindu traditions) 800 Tamil 800 - - - - -
Vettuvan 1,200 Malayalam 1,200 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Asari 6,000 Malayalam 6,000 - - - - -
 Viswakarma Kollan 1,800 Malayalam 1,800 - - - - -
Viswakarma Thattan 900 Malayalam 900 - - - - -
 Viswakarma unspecified 378,000 Telugu 377,000 - - 300 - -
 Yadav (Hindu traditions) 236,000 Hindi 236,000 - - - - -
 Yadav Ghosi 7,100 Hindi 7,100 - - - - -
 Yadav Gola 19,000 Telugu 19,000 - - - - -
 Yenadi 600 Telugu 600 - - - - -
 Yerukula 30 Yerukula 30 - - - - -
  Totals:  279 3,556,000   250 3,229,000 198,000 200 116,000 500 13,000
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