Somali Bantu in Somalia


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 5

Subgroup Name Population
Gobaweyn Unknown
Makanne Unknown
Shabelle Unknown
Shambara Unknown
Shiidle Unknown

Introduction / History

The Somali Bantu are made up of diverse groups, such as the Mushunguli, Shambara, Gobaweyn, Shidle, Makanne, Shabelle, etc. Some of these groups have lived in Somalia for many centuries as farmers along the rivers, and have adopted the language and culture of the surrounding Somalis. Other groups originated in Tanzania and Mozambique and were brought to Somalia as slaves during the 19th century. After escaping their captors they also settled as farmers along the villages.

The different Somali Bantu groups are united primarily because of the racial discrimination they face within Somalia. Most Somalis will not intermarry with Somali Bantus, and some will not even eat with them or enter their house. During the civil war in Somalia, Somali Bantus were one of the most vulnerable groups and suffered horribly at the hands of clan militias and criminal gangs.

Somali Bantu fleeing to Kenya were recognized as a minority group in need of special protection, and in 2002 the USA agreed to resettle 12,000 of them. Several thousand others made their way to Tanzania, their ancestral homeland. But many thousand Somali Bantus are stuck in refugee camps in Kenya or in IDP camps within Somalia with little hope of either returning to their farms or getting citizenship in a new country.

Many Somali Bantu will refer to themselves as Bantu, but some prefer the name Jareer. Others will primarily identify by their subgroup, such as the Mushunguli, or by the Somali clan they are affiliated with, such as the Elay or the Geledi. All Somali Bantu groups interact and intermarry freely. About 50% speak Maay as their first language, and another 20% speak it as a second language. In urban centers many learn standard Somali, and in Kenyan refugee camps they pick up Swahili or English.


Where Are they Located?

The Somali Bantu traditionally live along the Juba and Shabelle rivers in southern Somalia. Due to famines and war, many Somali Bantu have fled these areas and now live in urban centers like Mogadishu and Kismayo, as well as in neighboring Kenya.


What Are Their Beliefs?

A few places along the lower Jubba river saw Christian missionary activity in the 20th century and several hundred Somali Bantu became Christians. Today almost all Somali Bantu are Muslims, although some still hold animist beliefs and practices. The areas where most Somali Bantu live have been under the control of the Somali terrorist organization al-Shabaab since 2008, who have imposed an oppressive form of Islam onto the communities and often levied high taxes or forced young men to join their ranks.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Somali Bantu in Somalia.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-01-16
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-01-21
People Name General Somali Bantu
People Name in Country Somali Bantu
World Population 907,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 15
Alternate Names Jareer
People ID 20784
ROP3 Code 103458
Country Somalia
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 3  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Lower Shabelle, Middle Shabelle, Hiraan, Bay, Lower Jubba, Middle Jubba. IDPs in Kismayo and Mogadishu.   Source:  Field worker
Country Somalia
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 3  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Lower Shabelle, Middle Shabelle, Hiraan, Bay, Lower Jubba, Middle Jubba. IDPs in Kismayo and Mogadishu..   Source:  Field worker
Primary Language Maay
Language Code ymm   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
Somali Mushungulu
Primary Language Maay
Language Code ymm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 3
Secondary Languages
  Somali
  Mushungulu
People Groups Speaking Maay

Primary Language:  Maay

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2006-2007)
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maay
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.05 %)
0.05 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
99.95 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source Sergeant G.D. Robinson 
Map Source People Group Location from IMB. Other map data / geography from GMI. Map by Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more