Tiyar in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 13 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Tarai Unknown
Artia Unknown
Bin Unknown
Ghodai Unknown
Jele Tiyar Unknown
Kewat Unknown
Kolodondia Unknown
Malha Suraiya Unknown
Mlechha Unknown
Muriari Unknown

Introduction / History

The Tiyar are a group of people who live in northeast India and Bangladesh. Tiyar comes from the word for hunter in Sanskrit. The Tiyar were traditionally hunters in the forests of ancient India. With the forests mostly gone, the Tiyar work in the fishing industry and as landless agricultural laborers.

The Tiyar are a Scheduled Caste, which means they are eligible for special consideration in public jobs and university admission. Many Tiyar live in rural villages without electricity, access to clean water and indoor plumbing. Illiteracy is a problem among the Tiyar. The Indian government is working to improve the living conditions of the Tiyar.

The primary languages of the Tiyar are Bengali and Hindi. They also speak other regional Indian languages.


Where Are they Located?

The largest groups of Tiyar live in the northeast Indian states of Bengal, Bihar and
Odisha. Other smaller groups live in other sections of India and Bangladesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lives of the Tiyar are challenging. When fishing is good they make enough money to feed their families. When fishing is not good, they suffer great need.

The landless farm workers are often dependent on the landowners they labor for.

The Tiyar marry within their caste but not within their gotra or clan. They hire Brahmin priests to officiate at their life ceremonies. Families arrange marriages with the newly married couple living near or with the groom's parents. Sons inherit their father's property. Caste associations promote their interests and settle legal disputes.

The main foods of the Tiyar are fish, rice, vegetables, fruit and other grains. They do not eat beef, as is the custom of Hindus.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Tiyar practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Tiyar visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. Their villages often have their own protector god or goddess.

The main yearly holidays of the Tiyar people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Tiyar as a Scheduled Caste have pressing needs. They need help in educating their children. They need electricity, clean water and indoor plumbing in their villages. Most of all they need to hear and respond to the life-changing message of Jesus Christ that alone can forgive their sins.


Prayer Points

* Ask God to send Christian workers to share the good news of Christ with the Tiyar.
* Pray for the Holy Spirit to work powerfully through those ministering to the Tiyar people.
* Pray the Lord will start a movement of Tiyar families experiencing God's blessings


References

peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=41595
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiar


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-14
People Name General Tiyar
People Name in Country Tiyar
World Population 557,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 10
Alternate Names Muchhua, Parichar, Rajbangsi, Tiar, Tior, Titar, Tivora, Tiyaro, Torai, टीयर
People ID 18252
ROP3 Code 113784
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Group Tiyar
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups 13
  Tarai 100
  Artia 0
  Bin 0
  Ghodai 0
  Jele Tiyar 0
  Kewat 0
  Kolodondia 0
  Malha Suraiya 0
  Mlechha 0
  Muriari 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
West Bengal
231,000
Bihar
185,000
Odisha
71,000
Jharkhand
4,700
Tripura
1,100
Meghalaya
700
Andaman and Nicobar
600
Chhattisgarh
500
Delhi
500
Maharashtra
100
Nagaland
100
Mizoram
100
Madhya Pradesh
90
Uttar Pradesh
70
Manipur
40
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  West Bengal 231,000
  Bihar 185,000
  Odisha 71,000
  Jharkhand 4,700
  Tripura 1,100
  Meghalaya 700
  Andaman and Nicobar 600
  Chhattisgarh 500
  Delhi 500
  Maharashtra 100
  Nagaland 100
  Mizoram 100
  Madhya Pradesh 90
  Uttar Pradesh 70
  Manipur 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Bengali (222,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 13
Secondary Languages
Hindi
117,000
Odia
68,000
Angika
42,000
Maithili
32,000
Bhojpuri
9,800
Magahi
2,800
Chhattisgarhi
300
Kui
300
Munda
60
Kurux
60
Pengo
30
Kuvi
Primary Language Bengali (222,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 13
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 117,000
  Odia 68,000
  Angika 42,000
  Maithili 32,000
  Bhojpuri 9,800
  Magahi 2,800
  Chhattisgarhi 300
  Kui 300
  Munda 60
  Kurux 60
  Pengo 30
  Kuvi 10
People Groups Speaking Bengali

Primary Language:  Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1800-1980)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1801-1984)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Bangla Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Mussolmani Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament- Common Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Bengali
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video I Am Guilty (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Burning Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.12 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.88 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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