Tiyar in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Subgroups: 13 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Tarai 27,000
Jele Tiyar 4,200
Ghodai 600
Artia 300
Kolodondia 300
Mlechha 300
Bin Unknown
Kewat Unknown
Malha Suraiya Unknown
Muriari Unknown

Introduction / History

The Tiyar are a group of people who live in northeast India and Bangladesh. Tiyar comes from the word for hunter in Sanskrit. The Tiyar were traditionally hunters in the forests of ancient India. With the forests mostly gone, the Tiyar work in the fishing industry and as landless agricultural laborers.

The Tiyar are a Scheduled Caste, which means they are eligible for special consideration in public jobs and university admission. Many Tiyar live in rural villages without electricity, access to clean water and indoor plumbing. Illiteracy is a problem among the Tiyar. The Indian government is working to improve the living conditions of the Tiyar.

The primary languages of the Tiyar are Bengali and Hindi. They also speak other regional Indian languages.


Where Are they Located?

The largest groups of Tiyar live in the northeast Indian states of Bengal, Bihar and
Odisha. Other smaller groups live in other sections of India and Bangladesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lives of the Tiyar are challenging. When fishing is good they make enough money to feed their families. When fishing is not good, they suffer great need.

The landless farm workers are often dependent on the landowners they labor for.

The Tiyar marry within their caste but not within their gotra or clan. They hire Brahmin priests to officiate at their life ceremonies. Families arrange marriages with the newly married couple living near or with the groom's parents. Sons inherit their father's property. Caste associations promote their interests and settle legal disputes.

The main foods of the Tiyar are fish, rice, vegetables, fruit and other grains. They do not eat beef, as is the custom of Hindus.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Tiyar practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Tiyar visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. Their villages often have their own protector god or goddess.

The main yearly holidays of the Tiyar people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Tiyar as a Scheduled Caste have pressing needs. They need help in educating their children. They need electricity, clean water and indoor plumbing in their villages. Most of all they need to hear and respond to the life-changing message of Jesus Christ that alone can forgive their sins.


Prayer Points

Ask God to send Christian workers to share the good news of Christ with the Tiyar.
Pray for the Holy Spirit to work powerfully through those ministering to the Tiyar people.
Pray the Lord will start a movement of Tiyar families experiencing God's blessings


Scripture Prayers for the Tiyar in India.


References

peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=41595
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tiar


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-14
People Name General Tiyar
People Name in Country Tiyar
Pronunciation tee-AR
Population this Country 584,000
Population all Countries 637,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 12
Alternate Names Muchhua; Parichar; Rajbangsi; Tiar; Tior; Titar; Tivora; Tiyaro; Torai; टीयर
People ID 18252
ROP3 Code 113784
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Hindu - other
People Group Tiyar
Ethnic Code CNN25
Total Subgroups 13
  Tarai 27,000
  Jele Tiyar 4,200
  Ghodai 600
  Artia 300
  Kolodondia 300
  Mlechha 300
  Bin 0
  Kewat 0
  Malha Suraiya 0
  Muriari 0
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 17
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
West Bengal
269,000
Bihar
217,000
Odisha
84,000
Jharkhand
5,700
Tripura
1,200
Meghalaya
800
Andaman and Nicobar
700
Chhattisgarh
600
Delhi
600
Nagaland
100
Mizoram
100
Maharashtra
100
Madhya Pradesh
90
Uttar Pradesh
70
Manipur
60
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 17
  West Bengal 269,000
  Bihar 217,000
  Odisha 84,000
  Jharkhand 5,700
  Tripura 1,200
  Meghalaya 800
  Andaman and Nicobar 700
  Chhattisgarh 600
  Delhi 600
  Nagaland 100
  Mizoram 100
  Maharashtra 100
  Madhya Pradesh 90
  Uttar Pradesh 70
  Manipur 60
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Bengali (221,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 13
Secondary Languages
Hindi
115,000
Odia
68,000
Angika
40,000
Maithili
34,000
Bhojpuri
9,800
Magahi
3,200
Kui
300
Chhattisgarhi
300
Munda
60
Kurux
40
Pengo
30
Kuvi
Primary Language Bengali (221,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 13
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 115,000
  Odia 68,000
  Angika 40,000
  Maithili 34,000
  Bhojpuri 9,800
  Magahi 3,200
  Kui 300
  Chhattisgarhi 300
  Munda 60
  Kurux 40
  Pengo 30
  Kuvi 10
People Groups Speaking Bengali

Primary Language:  Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1800-1980)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1801-1984)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1809-2022)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Online New Testament Faith Comes by Hearing
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Following Jesus video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Love Story General / Other
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation Create International
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bengali Jesus Film Project
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels Bible Media Group/LUMO
Film / Video Magdalena video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Rivka video Jesus Film Project
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children Jesus Film Project
Film / Video The Prophets' Story Create International
Film / Video The Savior 3 - Woman at the Well Create International
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen Create International
General Bible for Children Bible for Children
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.01 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.83 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2022  Mr. Keyboard - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more