Targala in India

The Targala have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Subgroups: 2

Subgroup Name Population
Naik 2,000
Voya 2,000

Introduction / History

The Targala (or Bhoviya) claim they are the descendants of an ex-communicated Brahmin community. They have three subgroups, the Nayak, Bhojak (or Bhojai) and Voyas. These names are also used as surnames. Each subgroup is divided into a number of clans named after their ancestral homes.


What Are Their Lives Like?

They allow for inter-subgroup marriages, but they strictly adhere to community endogamy (marrying only within the caste). Vermilion, bracelets and toe-rings are symbols of marriage for women. They are Hindu, and their community goddess is Bahucharamata or Ambamata. They worship Bhubaneswari and Suleswari or Sulgamata as village deities. Traditionally, they accept food and water from higher castes such as the Brahmin and Kshatriya, but not from the lower castes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Targala people practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India. Hinduism is a catch-all phrase for the local religions of South Asia, so it is very diverse. At the popular level, Hindus worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers, and incense to their gods in hopes of gaining protection and benefits. They do not have a personal or familial relationship with their gods like Christians or Jews. There are other Hindus who are much more philosophical, especially among the Brahmins.
Almost all Hindus participate in yearly celebrations like Holi, the festival of colors and the start of spring / Diwali, the festival of lights / Navratri, the celebration of autumn / and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday.


What Are Their Needs?

The Targala people need a John 10:10 blessing: the abundant life Jesus offers those who are willing to submit to his lordship.


Prayer Points

Please pray for believers in the state of Gujarat, that they will live holy lives, honoring the Lord and being zealous in their service to him. Pray they will be protected from those who would harm them and their witness.
Pray the government of Gujarat will actively work to protect all religious minorities.
There are Christian believers in Gujarat, in other people groups. Pray these believers will develop a heart to take the message of Jesus throughout their state.


Scripture Prayers for the Targala in India.


References


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Targala
People Name in Country Targala
Alternate Names Bhavaiya; Bhavaya; Bhayiya; Bhojak; Bhojja; Bhoviya; Nayak; टरगला (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
Population this Country 43,000
Population all Countries 43,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
People ID 18220
ROP3 Code 113746
ROP25 Code 307973
ROP25 Name Targala
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 5
Largest States
Gujarat
39,000
Maharashtra
3,000
Karnataka
100
Dadra and Nagar Have
60
Daman and Diu
20
Districts Interactive map, listing and data download
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 5
  Gujarat 39,000
  Maharashtra 3,000
  Karnataka 100
  Dadra and Nagar Have 60
  Daman and Diu 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.05 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.95 %
Unknown
0.00 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Gujarati (34,000 speakers)
Language Code guj   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
Hindi
1,500
Konkani
300
Koli, Wadiyari
60
Kannada
30
Primary Language Gujarati (34,000 speakers)
Language Code guj   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 5
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 1,500
  Konkani 300
  Koli, Wadiyari 60
  Kannada 30
People Groups Speaking Gujarati

Primary Language:  Gujarati

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1809-1965)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1820-1985)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1823-2021)
FCBH NT (www.bible.is) Online
YouVersion NT (www.bible.com) Online
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Photo Source (Representative photo)
Copyrighted © 2024  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.



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