Silpkar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
340,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The name Shilpakar is generally used for the communities categorized lowly and residing in the hilly areas of Uttar Pradesh. The Shilpakar are also known as Dom, Dum, Ram, Arya and Harijan. The Shilpakar belong to an aboriginal non-Aryan stock and it is said that they were reduced to a state of slavery by the Khasia and later on by the immigrant high castes in the historical past.

They speak the Kumaoni and Garwali languages. They also use Hindi while communicating with others. Their staple cereals are wheat, rice and maize.

The Shilpakar are divided into different hierarchically arranged groups based on their hereditary occupations. The first group is referred to as Mistri, which includes Lohar, Tamta and Orh, etc. The second group includes drummers such as the Dhobi, Damai and Bajgi. The third group includes serfs, vagrants and beggars.

Various occupational groups of the Shilpakar still pursue their traditional hereditary occupations such as black smithy, copper smithy, basketry, masonry, oil-pressing, drum-beating and leather-work, etc. They also engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry, manufacture agricultural implements, making baskets and household utensils, etc.

Marriages are permitted in groups belonging to the same status. Adult marriage is the norm through negotiation. They cremate the dead and the death pollution is observed. The incidence of colour-blindness is 1.7 per cent among them.

Some of their deities are Bhairon, Betal, Kalchhin, Kalua, Chhurmall and Gangnath, etc. These deities are worshipped as family, village and regional deities.

Alternate names: Shilpakar, Athapahariya, Aagri, Badde, Bairi, Bakharia, Beda, Chanyal, Damai, Dholi, Dhaloti, Dhunar, Kolai, Kolta, Kumbhar, Mour, Lohar, Okhera Parki, Rudia, Tamta.


Prayer Points

* For the salvation of the Shilpakar people.
* That the Shilpakar people may transform their caste ridden society
* For good educational facilities, rehabilitation and vocational training.
* For health problems such as colour-blindness may be healed.


Profile Source:   India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-11-26
People Name General Silpkar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Silpkar (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 340,000
World Population 398,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Badde, Bairi, Beda, Chanyal, Damai, Dhaloti, Dholi, Dhunar, Kolai, Kolta, Kumbhar, Lohar, Mour, Orh, Rudia, Shilpakar, Shilpkar, Tamta, Tirwa, सिलपकार (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 18107
ROP3 Code 113610
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 2
Largest States
Uttarakhand (286,000) Uttar Pradesh (53,000)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 2
Uttarakhand (286,000) Uttar Pradesh (53,000)
Primary Language: Kumaoni (136,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: kfy   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages: 8
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (124,000) Garhwali (53,000) Awadhi (8,200)
Bhojpuri (2,000) Punjabi, Eastern (1,100) Kanauji (600)
Bundeli (100)
Primary Language: Kumaoni (136,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: kfy   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 8
Secondary Languages:
Hindi (124,000) Garhwali (53,000)
Awadhi (8,200) Bhojpuri (2,000)
Punjabi, Eastern (1,100) Kanauji (600)
Bundeli (100)
Primary Language: Kumaoni

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions Yes   (1825-2007)
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
 
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Kumaoni
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kumaoni
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.05 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.95 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source: Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source: India Missions Association - Edited by Philipose Vaidyar  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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