Rautia in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 9

Subgroup Name Population
Bargohri 700
Majhgohri 600
Chhotogahri 300
Chhotogohri 300
Badagahandi 200
Berra 200
Baraik Unknown
Borhia Unknown
Nagat Unknown

Introduction / History

A small group of the Rautia or Raute people live in central and northern Bangladesh. A much larger population of this people lives in northeast India. According to tradition, they were a tribal militia who helped a prince and received land as a payment for their services. Their name Rautias means "lesser Rajput." After receiving their land, they took up the profession as farmers, a job deemed below the status of a Rajput.

The Rautia live mainly in villages with other castes. They grow rice, wheat, millet, sugarcane, vegetables and fruit on their farms. Some Rautias have moved to cities and taken up other occupations such as factory workers, public administrators and shopkeepers. . Many Rautia are unable to read and write. The primary language of the Rautia is a dialect of Hindi called Sadri. Many also speak Bengali, the major language of the area where they live.


Where Are they Located?

The Rautia live in the Sylhet and Dhaka provinces of Bangladesh.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Most of the Rautia people live in a similar way as their ancestors did, tilling the soil of Bangladesh. Many of their villages do not have electricity, access to clean water or indoor plumbing. Many young Rautias have left the rural life to pursue educational and economic opportunities in urban centers.

The eldest son in many Rautia families inherits all or half of his father's property. It is the duty of the eldest brother to give land and property to his younger brothers. The Rautia generally marry within their caste. Often they marry their cousins. They sometimes will marry outsiders who have nearly the same rank as theirs in the Hindu caste system.

The Rautia bury their dead. They employ Brahmins to officiate at their important family rituals like births, weddings and funerals. Caste councils promote their interests and settle legal disputes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Rautias practice Hinduism, the ancient religion of India along with folk religion. The Rautias venerate their ancestors and try to ward off evil spirits with rituals. The Rautias worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Rautias visit Hindu temples and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their gods. There are many forms of Hinduism, each with its own deities and beliefs.

The main yearly holidays of the Rautias people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights, Navratri, the celebration of autumn and Rama Navami, Rama's birthday. There are no known believers among the Rautia of Bangladesh.


What Are Their Needs?

The Rautias need to hear the life-changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand. They need to see the love and mercy of Christ lived out before them in practical ways. They need help in educating their children and in gaining access to modern medicine.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Rautia in India.

* Pray that the tiny number of Rautia believers in India would grow and be established in the faith.
* Pray that many of the Rautia people will come to love God with their whole being and will walk in His ways.
* Pray that God will overthrow spiritual forces of darkness opposing the spread of His gospel among the Rautia people in India and Bangladesh.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rautia
peoplegroups.org/explore/GroupDetails.aspx?peid=41620
indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Rautia


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Rautia
People Name in Country Rautia
World Population 118,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
Alternate Names Baraik; Ganjhu; Gonju; Kotwar; Raute; रौतिया
People ID 17949
ROP3 Code 113438
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Hindu - Other
People Group Rautia
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups 9
  Bargohri 700
  Majhgohri 600
  Chhotogahri 300
  Chhotogohri 300
  Badagahandi 200
  Berra 200
  Baraik 60
  Borhia 60
  Nagat 60
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 9
Largest States
Jharkhand
94,000
West Bengal
14,000
Bihar
6,600
Odisha
1,300
Chhattisgarh
500
Meghalaya
200
Nagaland
200
Manipur
30
Andaman and Nicobar
10
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 9
  Jharkhand 94,000
  West Bengal 14,000
  Bihar 6,600
  Odisha 1,300
  Chhattisgarh 500
  Meghalaya 200
  Nagaland 200
  Manipur 30
  Andaman and Nicobar 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (49,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
Sadri
41,000
Bengali
15,000
Magahi
4,600
Bhojpuri
3,300
Odia
1,700
Panchpargania
1,600
Assamese
40
Primary Language Hindi (49,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
  Sadri 41,000
  Bengali 15,000
  Magahi 4,600
  Bhojpuri 3,300
  Odia 1,700
  Panchpargania 1,600
  Assamese 40
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (EngSub)
Film / Video Coconuts
Film / Video Creation to Christ
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.16 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.84 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Philippe Billois 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.