Nair in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Nair is the name of an upper Hindu Caste from the southern Indian state of Kerala. The Nairs were a martial nobility, similar to the Samurai of Japan and figure prominently in the history of Kerala. Kalarippayattu (ancient martial art) is associated with the Nairs

Nairs are Nagas and were Kshatriyas belonging to the Serpent dynasty (Nagavansham) who removed their sacred thread and migrated south to escape the wrath of a vengeful Parashurama. The affinity of the Nair community towards serpent worship, their martial past, and the absence of the sacred thread lends support to this theory.

Throughout the medieval period and until well into the 19th century, the Nairs had a pre-eminent role in Kerala. By the middle of the 19th century, however, this dominance started waning. Institutions like the sambandham and the matrilineal joint family system which had ensured the strength of the Nair community earlier, now became productive of many evils in changing socio-political background of Kerala. The impact of the market economy, the disappearance of traditional military training, the absorption of new values through the new system of education, the self-consciousness being generated among the lower castes and their cry for equality and privileges - all these factors brought about a decline of Nair dominance.


Profile Source:   Ravivarman Thampi  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2006-09-28
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-10-07
Global Prayer Digest: 2014-09-30
People Name General Nair
People Name in Country Nair
Population in India 6,696,000
World Population 6,700,100
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 133
Alternate Names Naique, Naire, Nairi, Nayammar, Nayar, Nayarangi, Nayre, नायर
People ID 17747
ROP3 Code 113205
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Malayali
People Group Nair
Ethnic Code CNN23b
Total Subgroups on file 88
Largest Subgroups
(only 15 largest shown)
Maran
344,000
Tarakan
179,000
Chakkala
172,000
Padamangalam
149,000
Vattakadan
137,000
Itacheri
135,000
Kuruvelam
104,000
Surupam
102,000
Vilakuttolai
102,000
Kusavan
55,000
Menokki
55,000
Natamukki
55,000
Svarupakkar
55,000
Veliyan
55,000
Manigramam
32,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Malayali
People Group Nair
Ethnic Code CNN23b
Total Subgroups 88 (only 15 largest shown)
  Maran 344,000
  Tarakan 179,000
  Chakkala 172,000
  Padamangalam 149,000
  Vattakadan 137,000
  Itacheri 135,000
  Kuruvelam 104,000
  Surupam 102,000
  Vilakuttolai 102,000
  Kusavan 55,000
  Menokki 55,000
  Natamukki 55,000
  Svarupakkar 55,000
  Veliyan 55,000
  Manigramam 32,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 33
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Kerala
5,092,000
Tamil Nadu
1,318,000
Karnataka
147,000
Maharashtra
56,000
Goa
23,000
Puducherry
20,000
Delhi
13,000
Telangana
7,600
Gujarat
5,800
Andhra Pradesh
3,800
Madhya Pradesh
1,700
Andaman and Nicobar
1,400
West Bengal
1,300
Rajasthan
900
Odisha
800
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 33  (only 20 largest shown)
  Kerala 5,092,000
  Tamil Nadu 1,318,000
  Karnataka 147,000
  Maharashtra 56,000
  Goa 23,000
  Puducherry 20,000
  Delhi 13,000
  Telangana 7,600
  Gujarat 5,800
  Andhra Pradesh 3,800
  Madhya Pradesh 1,700
  Andaman and Nicobar 1,400
  West Bengal 1,300
  Rajasthan 900
  Odisha 800
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Malayalam (5,139,000 speakers)
Language Code mal   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
Tamil
1,366,000
Konkani
50,000
Tulu
37,000
Kannada
36,000
Konkani, Goan
24,000
English
5,500
Other People Groups Speaking Malayalam
Primary Language Malayalam (5,139,000 speakers)
Language Code mal   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 7
Secondary Languages
  Tamil 1,366,000
  Konkani 50,000
  Tulu 37,000
  Kannada 36,000
  Konkani, Goan 24,000
  English 5,500
People Groups Speaking Malayalam

Primary Language:  Malayalam

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1968)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1829-1995)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1841-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Malayalam
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible Gateway Scripture
Text / Printed Matter Bible: മലയാളം - Malayalam
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.25 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.75 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Joshua Project  Creative Commons  Used with permission
Map Source Joshua Project / Global Mapping International  
Profile Source Ravivarman Thampi  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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