Nadar in India


Population
4,231,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Nadar people of southern India cultivated palmyra palm trees in the past. They were "palmyra climbers." Nadar men and women would climb the palm tree, cut a branch and collect the sweet sap. Although all parts of this palm tree are valuable, the sap quickly becomes palm wine in the warm climate of south India. The production of palm wine or toddy was the main occupation of the Nadars until modern times. Today many Nadar obtain higher educations and achieve leadership positions in business and government.


Where Are they Located?

The Nadar people today live primarily in the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Some also live in other areas of south India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Many Nadar still cling to their old way of life as palmyra climbers. Some Nadar and government leaders are trying to discourage the production of alcohol and encourage the production of sugar from the sap of the palm tree. Some educated Nadar are fully engaged in modern Indian society while others without education work and live like their ancestors in rural villages. The Nadar speak Tamil and other regional languages.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The vast majority of the Nadar people are Hindus. The Goddess Bhadrakali is the chief deity of the Nadar. The Nadar also claim that they are the descendants of Bhadrakali. A Bhadrakali temple is at the center of nearly every Nadar community. She is pictured as a fierce warrior with three eyes and carrying weapons with her many hands. The Nadar also worship Murugan, the god of war and son of Shiva.
A small but significant percentage of Nadar are Christians, both Protestants and Catholics.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Nadar Christians would be trained in discipleship and reach out to their Hindu brothers and sisters with the gospel of Christ.
* Pray that the Lord would move Christians to help the Nadar obtain other jobs than the production of palm wine.
* Pray that Nadar churches read and study the Tamil Bibles that are available.


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Nadar
People Name in Country Nadar
Population in India 4,231,000
World Population 4,266,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached No
Progress Scale 2
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Chanmar, Channan, Gramani, Mamameri, Marar, Nadar Christian, Sanan, Shana, Shanan, Shanana, Shananar, Torke Nadar, Uppu Nadar, नादर
People ID 17735
ROP3 Code 113193
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Nadar
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups on file 11
Largest Subgroups
Melnatar
41,000
Pulikkapanikkan
7,800
Kalla
0
Karukkupattayar
0
Kodikkal
0
Konga
0
Madurai
0
Melnadu
0
Naltati
0
Panan
0
Tollakkadan
0
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Tamil
People Group Nadar
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 11
  Melnatar 41,000
  Pulikkapanikkan 7,800
  Kalla 0
  Karukkupattayar 0
  Kodikkal 0
  Konga 0
  Madurai 0
  Melnadu 0
  Naltati 0
  Panan 0
  Tollakkadan 0
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 29
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
2,676,000
Kerala
1,411,000
Karnataka
88,000
Maharashtra
18,000
Puducherry
10,000
Delhi
8,800
Telangana
5,800
Goa
3,800
Gujarat
1,900
Andhra Pradesh
1,500
Andaman and Nicobar
1,300
West Bengal
1,100
Madhya Pradesh
700
Chhattisgarh
500
Uttar Pradesh
400
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 29  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 2,676,000
  Kerala 1,411,000
  Karnataka 88,000
  Maharashtra 18,000
  Puducherry 10,000
  Delhi 8,800
  Telangana 5,800
  Goa 3,800
  Gujarat 1,900
  Andhra Pradesh 1,500
  Andaman and Nicobar 1,300
  West Bengal 1,100
  Madhya Pradesh 700
  Chhattisgarh 500
  Uttar Pradesh 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (2,826,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
1,423,000
English
17,000
Konkani, Goan
7,100
Tulu
6,900
Konkani
3,400
Kannada
3,100
Kodava
400
Other People Groups Speaking Tamil
Primary Language Tamil (2,826,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 1,423,000
  English 17,000
  Konkani, Goan 7,100
  Tulu 6,900
  Konkani 3,400
  Kannada 3,100
  Kodava 400
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Fathers Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Old Version Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
29.88 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
70.12 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Bharat Nadar 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.




Copyright © 2018 Joshua Project.  A ministry of Frontier Ventures.