Nadar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 11 (10 largest shown)  Show all

Subgroup Name Population
Melnatar 41,000
Pulikkapanikkan 7,800
Kalla Unknown
Karukkupattayar Unknown
Kodikkal Unknown
Konga Unknown
Madurai Unknown
Melnadu Unknown
Naltati Unknown
Panan Unknown

Introduction / History

The Nadar people of southern India cultivated palmyra palm trees in the past. They were "palmyra climbers." Nadar men and women would climb the palm tree, cut a branch and collect the sweet sap. Although all parts of this palm tree are valuable, the sap quickly becomes palm wine in the warm climate of south India. The production of palm wine or toddy was the main occupation of the Nadars until modern times. Today many Nadar obtain higher educations and achieve leadership positions in business and government.


Where Are they Located?

The Nadar people today live primarily in the southern Indian states of Tamil Nadu and Kerala. Some also live in other areas of south India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Many Nadar still cling to their old way of life as palmyra climbers. Some Nadar and government leaders are trying to discourage the production of alcohol and encourage the production of sugar from the sap of the palm tree. Some educated Nadar are fully engaged in modern Indian society while others without education work and live like their ancestors in rural villages. The Nadar speak Tamil and other regional languages.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The vast majority of the Nadar people are Hindus. The Goddess Bhadrakali is the chief deity of the Nadar. The Nadar also claim that they are the descendants of Bhadrakali. A Bhadrakali temple is at the center of nearly every Nadar community. She is pictured as a fierce warrior with three eyes and carrying weapons with her many hands. The Nadar also worship Murugan, the god of war and son of Shiva.
A small but significant percentage of Nadar are Christians, both Protestants and Catholics.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Nadar (Hindu traditions) in India.

* Pray that the Nadar Christians would be trained in discipleship and reach out to their Hindu brothers and sisters with the gospel of Christ.
* Pray that the Lord would move Christians to help the Nadar obtain other jobs than the production of palm wine.
* Pray that Nadar churches read and study the Tamil Bibles that are available.


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Nadar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Nadar (Hindu traditions)
World Population 3,055,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 61
Alternate Names Chanmar, Channan, Gramani, Mamameri, Marar, Nadar Christian, Sanan, Shana, Shanan, Shanana, Shananar, Torke Nadar, Uppu Nadar, नादर
People ID 17735
ROP3 Code 113193
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Hindu - Other
People Group Nadar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN23c
Total Subgroups 11
  Melnatar 41,000
  Pulikkapanikkan 7,800
  Kalla 0
  Karukkupattayar 0
  Kodikkal 0
  Konga 0
  Madurai 0
  Melnadu 0
  Naltati 0
  Panan 0
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 29
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Tamil Nadu
1,704,000
Kerala
1,227,000
Karnataka
61,000
Maharashtra
12,000
Puducherry
7,500
Delhi
6,700
Telangana
3,600
Goa
2,500
Andhra Pradesh
1,100
Gujarat
1,100
Andaman and Nicobar
1,000
West Bengal
600
Madhya Pradesh
400
Chandigarh
300
Jharkhand
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 29  (only 20 largest shown)
  Tamil Nadu 1,704,000
  Kerala 1,227,000
  Karnataka 61,000
  Maharashtra 12,000
  Puducherry 7,500
  Delhi 6,700
  Telangana 3,600
  Goa 2,500
  Andhra Pradesh 1,100
  Gujarat 1,100
  Andaman and Nicobar 1,000
  West Bengal 600
  Madhya Pradesh 400
  Chandigarh 300
  Jharkhand 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Tamil (1,835,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
Malayalam
1,182,000
English
7,200
Tulu
5,800
Konkani, Goan
4,500
Konkani
2,900
Kannada
1,300
Kodava
300
Primary Language Tamil (1,835,000 speakers)
Language Code tam   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
  Malayalam 1,182,000
  English 7,200
  Tulu 5,800
  Konkani, Goan 4,500
  Konkani 2,900
  Kannada 1,300
  Kodava 300
People Groups Speaking Tamil

Primary Language:  Tamil

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1714-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1715-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1727-2002)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Father's Love Letter
Audio Recordings General Ministry Resources
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Finding Peace
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video General Ministry Resources
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tamil
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Bible Visuals
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.