Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 9

Subgroup Name Population
Bhatawar 2,200
Chanrwar 2,200
Chiksauria 2,200
Dhor 2,200
Kanaujia 2,200
Maghaiya 2,200
Nathur 2,200
Surajia 2,200
Kharwar 1,700

Introduction / History

The Musahar are considered one of the lowest of the Dalit groups within India and suffer tremendously from their status in society. Their name is derived from two words meaning "rat catcher" and is likely attributed to them for their tendency to eat rodents in times of dire need. They are short in stature with a long narrow headshape and broad nasal features.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Numbering two million in mostly in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh they have large families and live with several generations in the same household. A Musahar village is almost always filled with children. Though they will frequently speak Hindi, the local trade language, they will speak Angika or Awadhi at home.

Land ownership is rare and most will work as agricultural laborers, day laborers or forest and fishing. The women also work in agriculture or other unskilled labor such as stitching leaf-plates.

Education is not valued and literacy is extremely low with literacy rates running 2-6%. Often times they will drop out at the primary level due to social or economic factors. Modern development programs have had little impact on them as few if any of the sparse allocated resources designated for them every reach them in their need. Many times their wages are paid in crops and they trade in the market place through barter.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Traditionally they follow their tribal faith and will worship their family deity, the village deity as well as the gods of the wider Hindu faith.


What Are Their Needs?

Due their extreme poverty they live far from towns and cities which have proper health care. Nor do they have the capacity to travel to avail themselves of these facilities. The result is a desperate health care situation. Child mortality and maternal mortality are high and the life span is short which is exasperated by high rates of alcoholism among the male population.

Much of their condition is a result of their low position in the caste hierarchy. They are considered untouchables and treated with disdain by all other sections of society. Any attempts at economic advancement will be taken away from them or destroyed and they have little or no capacity to retain property rights. Their constitutional rights of education and food subsidies are routinely denied through corruption and caste based policies. They are powerless and voiceless, unable to change their situation alone. Sadly many Musahar women are kidnapped or sold into prostitution in the major metropolitan cities. Without recourse this becomes their new life, oppressed, abused and forced to suffer in silence.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Musahar (Hindu traditions) in Nepal.


Profile Source:   GSCC  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

People Name General Musahar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Musahar (Hindu traditions)
World Population 3,297,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 4
Alternate Names Banmanus; Banraja; Bhuiya; Gaur; Gonr; Musahar Bhuiya; Mushar; Mushr; Palamau Bhuiya; मुसहर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17711
ROP3 Code 113160
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster South Asia Dalit - Other
People Group Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups 9
  Bhatawar 2,200
  Chanrwar 2,200
  Chiksauria 2,200
  Dhor 2,200
  Kanaujia 2,200
  Maghaiya 2,200
  Nathur 2,200
  Surajia 2,200
  Kharwar 1,700
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 12
Largest States
Sagarmatha
77,000
Janakpur
56,000
Kosi
51,000
Narayani
26,000
Lumbini
5,800
Mechi
3,000
Bheri
800
Bagmati
300
Seti
300
Mahakali
80
Gandaki
80
Rapti
40
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Nepal
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 32  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 12
  Sagarmatha 77,000
  Janakpur 56,000
  Kosi 51,000
  Narayani 26,000
  Lumbini 5,800
  Mechi 3,000
  Bheri 800
  Bagmati 300
  Seti 300
  Mahakali 80
  Gandaki 80
  Rapti 40
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Maithili (200,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
26,000
Nepali
3,400
Angika
2,900
Magahi
1,500
Hindi
700
Awadhi
600
Rangpuri
200
Bengali
100
Kumaoni
60
Primary Language Maithili (200,000 speakers)
Language Code mai   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri 26,000
  Nepali 3,400
  Angika 2,900
  Magahi 1,500
  Hindi 700
  Awadhi 600
  Rangpuri 200
  Bengali 100
  Kumaoni 60
People Groups Speaking Maithili

Primary Language:  Maithili

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2010)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Maithili
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Good News
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Maithili
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: jivən səndesh
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.58 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.50 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
98.76 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.16 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2019  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source GSCC  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Nepal census data.  Current values may differ.