Musahar (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Musahar are considered one of the lowest of the Dalit groups within India and suffer tremendously from their status in society. Their name is derived from two words meaning "rat catcher" and is likely attributed to them for their tendency to eat rodents in times of dire need. They are short in stature with a long narrow headshape and broad nasal features.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Numbering two million in mostly in the states of Bihar and Uttar Pradesh they have large families and live with several generations in the same household. A Musahar village is almost always filled with children. Though they will frequently speak Hindi, the local trade language, they will speak Angika or Awadhi at home.

Land ownership is rare and most will work as agricultural laborers, day laborers or forest and fishing. The women also work in agriculture or other unskilled labor such as stitching leaf-plates.

Education is not valued and literacy is extremely low with literacy rates running 2-6%. Often times they will drop out at the primary level due to social or economic factors. Modern development programs have had little impact on them as few if any of the sparse allocated resources designated for them every reach them in their need. Many times their wages are paid in crops and they trade in the market place through barter.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Traditionally they follow their tribal faith and will worship their family deity, the village deity as well as the gods of the wider Hindu faith.


What Are Their Needs?

Due their extreme poverty they live far from towns and cities which have proper health care. Nor do they have the capacity to travel to avail themselves of these facilities. The result is a desperate health care situation. Child mortality and maternal mortality are high and the life span is short which is exasperated by high rates of alcoholism among the male population.

Much of their condition is a result of their low position in the caste hierarchy. They are considered untouchables and treated with disdain by all other sections of society. Any attempts at economic advancement will be taken away from them or destroyed and they have little or no capacity to retain property rights. Their constitutional rights of education and food subsidies are routinely denied through corruption and caste based policies. They are powerless and voiceless, unable to change their situation alone. Sadly many Musahar women are kidnapped or sold into prostitution in the major metropolitan cities. Without recourse this becomes their new life, oppressed, abused and forced to suffer in silence.


Profile Source:   GSCC  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-09-15
Global Prayer Digest: 2015-08-28
People Name General Musahar (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 2,774,000
World Population 3,012,000
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 55
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 3  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Banmanus, Banraja, Bhuiya, Gaur, Gonr, Musahar Bhuiya, Mushar, Mushr, Palamau Bhuiya, मुसहर (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17711
ROP3 Code 113160
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups on file 15
Largest Subgroups
Maghaiya
104,000
Bhatawar
102,000
Chanrwar
101,000
Chiksauria
101,000
Dhor
101,000
Kanaujia
101,000
Nathur
101,000
Surajia
101,000
Kharwar
99,000
Banmanush
8,600
Kharebind
2,600
Dhangar
2,500
Dosadh
2,500
Bhuiya
80
Palamau
80
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Hindi
People Group Musahar (Hindu traditions)
Ethnic Code CNN25c
Total Subgroups 15
  Maghaiya 104,000
  Bhatawar 102,000
  Chanrwar 101,000
  Chiksauria 101,000
  Dhor 101,000
  Kanaujia 101,000
  Nathur 101,000
  Surajia 101,000
  Kharwar 99,000
  Banmanush 8,600
  Kharebind 2,600
  Dhangar 2,500
  Dosadh 2,500
  Bhuiya 80
  Palamau 80
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 12
Largest States
Bihar
2,325,000
Uttar Pradesh
259,000
Jharkhand
90,000
Assam
63,000
West Bengal
34,000
Odisha
900
Uttarakhand
800
Andaman and Nicobar
700
Manipur
200
Tripura
100
Arunachal Pradesh
80
Chandigarh
60
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 12
  Bihar 2,325,000
  Uttar Pradesh 259,000
  Jharkhand 90,000
  Assam 63,000
  West Bengal 34,000
  Odisha 900
  Uttarakhand 800
  Andaman and Nicobar 700
  Manipur 200
  Tripura 100
  Arunachal Pradesh 80
  Chandigarh 60
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (1,476,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Maithili
486,000
Bhojpuri
416,000
Magahi
215,000
Angika
94,000
Bengali
53,000
Assamese
38,000
Sadri
7,700
Surjapuri
3,700
Awadhi
2,500
Bagheli
2,000
Kudmali
1,400
Kanauji
800
Odia
600
Garhwali
200
Bundeli
100
Other People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (1,476,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 18
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Maithili 486,000
  Bhojpuri 416,000
  Magahi 215,000
  Angika 94,000
  Bengali 53,000
  Assamese 38,000
  Sadri 7,700
  Surjapuri 3,700
  Awadhi 2,500
  Bagheli 2,000
  Kudmali 1,400
  Kanauji 800
  Odia 600
  Garhwali 200
  Bundeli 100
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Father's Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Final Prodigal (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.07 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.02 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.88 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.02 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Isudas  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source GSCC  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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