Monpa in India


Population
57,000
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Monpas live in the regions of Tawang and West Kameng in Arunachal Pradesh in India. The word Tawang means a place blessed by a horse. Tawang has also been called Monyul and the people who live here are called Monpas.

Agriculture is their main work. They also trade and also breed yaks and other cattle. They are cultivators. The Monpa grow potatoes. The foundation seeds are brought from Himachal Pradesh and are grown by the Monpa to give certified seeds. Then they are sold to farmers in other regions of Arunachal Pradesh.

Horticulture in the region has only happened more lately. Tawang is suitable for growing oranges, apples and nuts for example. Some parts are suitable for some crops and other parts of the region are suitable for growing other crops.

The Monpas live in two story houses made of stone and with planks for floors. The Monpas are artistic. They make carpets, utensils from bamboo and wooden items. They have made a name for themselves with their paintings and with making paper.
Monogamy is usual in marriages but polygamy is also allowed. Usually marriages take place after discussion. Cross cousin marriage is the favorite way of marriage. Divorce is allowed and so is the marrying again of widows too.

The Monpa celebrate festivals. Their language is Tibeto-Burman but different from that of East Tibet. They are ruled by the Trukdri which has six ministers. Some of their other crops are barley, rice, maize and wheat for example.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Monpas are Mongaloid in descent. They are Buddhists. The Tawang monastery is the mainstay of their life spiritually. They used to be in the Bon faith which incorporates spirit worship and animal sacrifices. They are influenced by Buddha and are a friendly and hardworking people.


Prayer Points

* It may be good to pray that Christians with artistic talents could make friends with them and give them the gospel message.


References

www.indiantravelportal.com/arunachal-pradesh/tribes/monpas.html
http://www.indianetzone.com/8/monpa_tribe.htm


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Monpa
People Name in Country Monpa
Population in India 57,000
World Population 154,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Progress Scale 1
Alternate Names Memba, Menpa, Monba, मोनपा
People ID 17648
ROP3 Code 113086
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 1
  Arunachal Pradesh (57,000)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Monpa, Tawang (54,000 speakers)
Language Code twm   Ethnologue Listing
Written Unknown
Total Languages 22
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Hindi
(600)
Tibetan, Central
(50)
Nepali
(50)
Santhali
(40)
Adi
(20)
Mising
(20)
Sikkimese
(10)
Nyishi
(10)
Assamese
Mundari Bengali Digaro-Mishmi
Kharia Malayalam English
People Groups Speaking Monpa, Tawang
Primary Language Monpa, Tawang (54,000 speakers)
Language Code twm   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 22
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Hindi (600)
  Tibetan, Central (50)
  Nepali (50)
  Santhali (40)
  Adi (20)
  Mising (20)
  Sikkimese (10)
  Nyishi (10)
  Assamese (10)
  Mundari (10)
  Bengali (10)
  Digaro-Mishmi (0)
  Kharia (0)
  Malayalam (0)
  English (0)
People Groups Speaking Monpa, Tawang

Primary Language:  Monpa, Tawang

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions No
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Monpa, Tawang
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
78.65 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
1.75 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
18.99 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.61 %
Photo Source Mukesh Jain   Creative Commons  
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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