Monpa in Bhutan

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge
* Data can be from various sources including official census, agencies, and local research. Data from these sources can sometimes differ even by orders of magnitude. Joshua Project attempts to present a conservative, balanced estimate.

Introduction / History

The Monpa people live in Arunachal Pradesh (NE India) and Bhutan.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Monpa people are known as friendly and hard working. They work in agriculture, trading, and breeding of yaks and cattle. They grow potatoes. The foundation seeds are brought from Himachal Pradesh and are grown by Monpa people to give certified seeds. They are sold to farmers in other regions of Arunachal Pradesh. Other crops are barley, rice, maize and wheat. They can also grow oranges, apples and nuts in Tawang.
Monpa people live in two story houses made of stone and with planks for floors. They are artistic people who make carpets, utensils from bamboo, and wooden items. They have made a name for themselves with their paintings and paper making. They are skilled in making wood carvings and learned to manufacture paper from the pulp of a certain tree.
After marriage the newly married couple moves into the home of the bride's parents.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Most adhere to the Gelug sect of Tibetan Buddhism. Elements of the ancient Bon shamanistic religion are blended into the practices of the Monpa. The "spirit of the tiger" has been an influence, which may torment people as they sleep.

What Are Their Needs?

Bhutan does not welcome Christian missionaries. No written, audio, or visual Bible resources exist in the Monpa language. There are some indigenous Christians in Bhutan, but they are few and far between.

Prayer Points

There may be a few believers among the Monpa of Bhutan and India, but this is uncertain. Pray for any believers to be taught by God's Spirit how to quickly confess sin, and how to walk in the power of the Lord's Spirit, demonstrating love, joy and peace.
Pray for the Monpa to be completely set free from the bondage of evil spirits.
Pray they will be given a hunger to know the living God.

Scripture Prayers for the Monpa in Bhutan.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

People Name General Monpa
People Name in Country Monpa
Pronunciation MON-pah
Alternate Names Memba; Menpa; Monba; मोनपा
Population this Country 99,000
Population all Countries 147,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 2
People ID 17648
ROP3 Code 113086
ROP25 Code 305594
ROP25 Name Monpa
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 36  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Country Bhutan
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 36  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 2
  Eastern 98,000
  Western 400
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
100.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
* From latest Bhutan census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Primary Language Tshangla
Language Code tsj   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Primary Language Tshangla
Language Code tsj   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
People Groups Speaking Tshangla

Primary Language:  Tshangla

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2000)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2014-2023)
Bible-Complete No
YouVersion NT ( Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name Source
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching Global Recordings Network
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories One Story
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio Jesus Film Project
Film / Video God's Story video God's Story
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Tshangla Jesus Film Project
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime Jesus Film Project
Film / Video World Christian Videos World Christian Videos
General Scripture Earth Gospel resources links Scripture Earth
General YouVersion Bible versions in text and/or audio YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App Android Bible app: Tshangla YouVersion Bibles
Mobile App iOS Bible app: Tshangla YouVersion Bibles
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2024  Matt Hahnewald - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project 
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Learn more.

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