Mal (Hindu traditions) in India


Population
1,861,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Mal of India are cultivators. Some of them are village watchmen. The word Mal means soldiers.

In Bihar, the Mal speak Hindi and read and write in Devanagari. They are not vegetarians. They eat rice as their main cereal and have vegetables also. They are endogamous, which means they prefer to marry within their ethnic community. Divorce and marrying again is allowed among them. Inheritance on the death of the father goes to the sons with the oldest son becoming in charge of the home. The women help the men with financial matters. Young boys herd cows. There are marriage rituals and a death pollution period. A community council controls social matters. Most of the Mal are laborers with no land of their own. They are Hindus and have their own community festivals.

In West Bengal, many of the Mal live in the Birbhum region but live in most parts of the state. They are a Scheduled Caste. They do not eat beef or pork. The Mal there are similar to the Mal living in Bihar but they speak, read and write in Bengali.

The Mal have a low literacy level which means the gospel needs to be given in oral form too.


Prayer Points

* Pray that God gives the Mal dreams and visions leading them to Jesus Christ.
* Pray that the community leaders among them will come to Jesus Christ and lead the other Mal to salvation also.


References

Singh, K. S., ed. "India's Communities A-Z", Oxford University Press, USA 1999


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

People Name General Mal (Hindu traditions)
People Name in Country Mal (Hindu traditions)
Population in India 1,861,000
World Population 1,886,200
Total Countries 3
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 38 to 43
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Malia, Malla, माल (हिंदू ट्रेडिशन्स)
People ID 17424
ROP3 Code 112825
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 20
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Bihar
(1,415,000)
West Bengal
(339,000)
Jharkhand
(92,000)
Odisha
(8,100)
Andaman and Nicobar
(1,400)
Uttar Pradesh
(1,400)
Delhi
(800)
Chhattisgarh
(700)
Meghalaya
(700)
Maharashtra
(600)
Nagaland
(500)
Madhya Pradesh
(300)
Arunachal Pradesh
(300)
Karnataka
(100)
Mizoram
(100)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 20
  Bihar (1,415,000)
  West Bengal (339,000)
  Jharkhand (92,000)
  Odisha (8,100)
  Andaman and Nicobar (1,400)
  Uttar Pradesh (1,400)
  Delhi (800)
  Chhattisgarh (700)
  Meghalaya (700)
  Maharashtra (600)
  Nagaland (500)
  Madhya Pradesh (300)
  Arunachal Pradesh (300)
  Karnataka (100)
  Mizoram (100)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Hindi (859,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
Bhojpuri
(458,000)
Bengali
(349,000)
Maithili
(106,000)
Magahi
(40,000)
Odia
(4,300)
Angika
(500)
Andaman Creole Hindi
(100)
Kannada
(40)
Assamese
People Groups Speaking Hindi
Primary Language Hindi (859,000 speakers)
Language Code hin   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 10
Secondary Languages
  Bhojpuri (458,000)
  Bengali (349,000)
  Maithili (106,000)
  Magahi (40,000)
  Odia (4,300)
  Angika (500)
  Andaman Creole Hindi (100)
  Kannada (40)
  Assamese (10)
People Groups Speaking Hindi

Primary Language:  Hindi

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes   (1806-1962)
Bible-New Testament Yes   (1811-1998)
Bible-Complete Yes   (1818-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum of Bible Agencies
Gospel Go
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Hindi Bible stories
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video A Beautiful Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video A Pilgrimage (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Aasha - Hope (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Coconuts (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Creation to Christ (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Fathers Love Letter
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Haqeeqat Episode 6 (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Hindi
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video Ten Virgins (Indigitube.tv)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Isudas   Copyrighted ©   Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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