Khandait in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Khandai or Kandayat were traditionally soldiers and landowners in east India. "Khandai" means man of the sword or landowner. When the Moguls conquered the Orissa area, many Khandai lost their land holdings to the new rulers. They joined the Moguls' armies and regained some of the territory they had lost. During the British period, the Khandai continued to serve as military officers and soldiers.

Today the Khandai are landowners who generally have lower castes farm their property. They serve in the Indian Army and in police forces. Education is a high priority in Khandai families. Khandai have gained the highest political positions in Orissa and West Bengal.

The vast majority of Khandai speak Odia and Bengali. Most educated Khandai also speak Hindi so they can communicate with Indian citizens from central and north India.


Where Are they Located?

Most Khandai live in the east Indian states of Orissa and West Bengal.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Khandai are a Forward caste so they are not eligible for special positions in schools and government. The Khandai own land and fill high levels in east Indian society. They work in government, the military, education and business.

The Khandai marry within their gotra or clan. Cousin marriages are common. Sons inherit property with the eldest son getting the home of his parents. Brahmin priests officiate at the life rituals of birth, weddings and death. The Khandai cremate their dead.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Khandai are almost all Hindus. They worship and serve the gods of the Hindu pantheon. They celebrate the Hindu holidays such as Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of light and Navratri, the festival for the coming of spring.


What Are Their Needs?

The Khandai need to realize that they are sinners in need of a Savior. They need to be willing to humble themselves and see that the gods of Hinduism will not save them.


Prayer Points

* Pray the Lord leads Christians to make friends with the Khandai and show them the love and care of Christ.
* Pray the Khandia would be dissatisfied with Hinduism and open to the teachings of the Bible.
* Pray God moves many Khandai to become Christians and that Bible believing churches are planted in their community.


References

en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Talk%3AKhandayat
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Khandayat


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-09-22
Global Prayer Digest: 2009-09-09
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-09-14
People Name General Khandait
People Name in Country Khandait
Population in India 1,731,000
World Population 1,732,700
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 34
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Khandayat, Mahanayaka Khandayata, Mahanayaka Khyatriya, खंदाित
People ID 17150
ROP3 Code 112500
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Group Khandait
Ethnic Code CNN25l
Total Subgroups on file 3
Largest Subgroups
Mahanayaka
137,000
Chasa
23,000
Paik
23,000
Affinity Bloc South Asian Peoples
People Cluster Bengali
People Group Khandait
Ethnic Code CNN25l
Total Subgroups 3
  Mahanayaka 137,000
  Chasa 23,000
  Paik 23,000
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 25
Largest States
(only 15 largest shown)
Odisha
1,407,000
West Bengal
253,000
Jharkhand
25,000
Chhattisgarh
17,000
Assam
11,000
Andhra Pradesh
11,000
Delhi
1,600
Bihar
900
Maharashtra
900
Andaman and Nicobar
800
Madhya Pradesh
500
Arunachal Pradesh
400
Meghalaya
400
Rajasthan
300
Gujarat
300
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 25  (only 20 largest shown)
  Odisha 1,407,000
  West Bengal 253,000
  Jharkhand 25,000
  Chhattisgarh 17,000
  Assam 11,000
  Andhra Pradesh 11,000
  Delhi 1,600
  Bihar 900
  Maharashtra 900
  Andaman and Nicobar 800
  Madhya Pradesh 500
  Arunachal Pradesh 400
  Meghalaya 400
  Rajasthan 300
  Gujarat 300
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Odia (1,368,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Bengali
272,000
Hindi
64,000
Assamese
8,000
Chhattisgarhi
3,100
Kui
1,400
Santhali
1,000
Maithili
900
Ho
500
Telugu
500
Magahi
400
Mundari
300
Kuvi
300
Pengo
100
Bhojpuri
100
Sadri
100
Other People Groups Speaking Odia
Primary Language Odia (1,368,000 speakers)
Language Code ory   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 19
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Bengali 272,000
  Hindi 64,000
  Assamese 8,000
  Chhattisgarhi 3,100
  Kui 1,400
  Santhali 1,000
  Maithili 900
  Ho 500
  Telugu 500
  Magahi 400
  Mundari 300
  Kuvi 300
  Pengo 100
  Bhojpuri 100
  Sadri 100
People Groups Speaking Odia

Primary Language:  Odia

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1811-1956)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1815-2004)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Odia
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
General Got Questions Ministry
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: ODIA - Oriya
Text / Printed Matter Bibles, Bible League
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.02 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.98 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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