Jhalo Malo in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Jhalo Malo are a Dalit group of people who live in Bengali region of northeast India and Bangladesh. Malo means "boatman" in Arabic. The traditional occupation of the Jhalo Malo is that of fishing. They fish with nets in the Bay of Bengal and in the rivers of northeast India.

The Malo also work as landless laborers in agriculture. They constitute a Scheduled Caste in India meaning they are eligible for special consideration for public jobs and university admission.

Unfortunately, the Malo are looked down upon by Indian society. Brahmin castes will not receive food or water from them. Illiteracy is a big problem with many Malo people unable to read or write. The Indian government is trying to raise the educational and economic levels of the Malo. Much work still needs to be done.

The primary language of the Jhalo Malo is Bengali. Others speak Assamese, Hindi and other languages of India.


Where Are they Located?

The largest community of Jhalo Malo lives in the Indian states of west Bengal and Assam. Smaller groups live other regions of north and central India.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The lives of the Jhalo Malo are difficult. When fishing is good, they can earn enough money to feed their families. When fishing is bad, they can starve. Landless farm workers often live by the whim of the landowners.

The Jhalo Malo marry within their caste but not within their particular clan or family. Families arrange marriages. Fortunately, child marriage of Jhalo girls is disappearing. Sons inherit what little property a father possesses.

Since most Brahmins refuge to associate with them, the Malo priests officiate at important life ceremonies such as births, weddings and funerals. The Malo dead are cremated often near a river.

The main foods of the Jhalo Malo are fish, rice, curries, vegetables and other grains.

As Hindus, they do not eat beef.

Caste councils promote the Malo interests and decide legal disputes.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The Jhalo Malo are Hindus and devoted to Vishnu, the preserver god and his avatars, especially Rama and Krishna. Malo are often denied entrance into Hindu temples so they have their own shrines and places of worship.

Hindus believe that by performing rituals and good works that they will attain moksha or freedom from the endless cycle of birth, death and rebirth. The Malo visit shrines and offer prayers, food, flowers and incense to their god Vishnu and his consort.

The main yearly holidays of the Jhalo Malo people are Holi, the festival of colors, Diwali, the festival of lights and Navratri, the celebration of autumn.


What Are Their Needs?

The Jhalo Malo as Dalits have tremendous spiritual and physical needs. They need help in educating their children. They would benefit by modern medicine. They need help in learning new job skills to escape their poverty. Most of all, they need to hear the life changing message of Jesus Christ in a way they can understand.


Prayer Points

* Pray that the Lord sends Christian workers to help the Jhalo Malo.
* Pray that the Jhalo Malo turn away from Vishnu and open their hearts to Jesus.
* Pray that Indian Christians would reach out and share the gospel with them.
* Pray that whole families of the Jhalo Malo are brought to the Savior and that Bible believing churches are planted in the Malo people.


References

peoplegroups.org/Explore/groupdetails.aspx?peid=41500
http://en.banglapedia.org/index.php?title=Dalit_Community
indpaedia.com/ind/index.php/Malo,_Bankura


Profile Source:   David Kugel  

People Name General Jhalo Malo
People Name in Country Jhalo Malo
Population in India 443,000
World Population 690,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 9
Alternate Names Mala, Malakar, Malo, Malo Patni, झालो मालो
People ID 17007
ROP3 Code 112331
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 15
Largest States
West Bengal
315,000
Assam
99,000
Odisha
14,000
Jharkhand
9,200
Meghalaya
2,900
Andaman and Nicobar
1,000
Bihar
700
Tripura
400
Delhi
200
Arunachal Pradesh
200
Nagaland
100
Manipur
60
Maharashtra
40
Mizoram
30
Telangana
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 15
  West Bengal 315,000
  Assam 99,000
  Odisha 14,000
  Jharkhand 9,200
  Meghalaya 2,900
  Andaman and Nicobar 1,000
  Bihar 700
  Tripura 400
  Delhi 200
  Arunachal Pradesh 200
  Nagaland 100
  Manipur 60
  Maharashtra 40
  Mizoram 30
  Telangana 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Bengali (320,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
Assamese
83,000
Hindi
26,000
Odia
12,000
Kurux
400
Mundari
300
Kui
200
Santhali
200
Maithili
80
Primary Language Bengali (320,000 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 9
Secondary Languages
  Assamese 83,000
  Hindi 26,000
  Odia 12,000
  Kurux 400
  Mundari 300
  Kui 200
  Santhali 200
  Maithili 80
People Groups Speaking Bengali

Primary Language:  Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1800-1980)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1801-1984)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Bangla Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Mussolmani Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament- Common Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Bengali
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video I Am Guilty (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Burning Heart (Indigitube.tv)
Film / Video The Prophets Story (Indigitube.tv)
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
General God's Simple Plan
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.09 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.91 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source David Kugel  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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