Gujjar in India


Population
1,167,000
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Gujjars (also known as Gurjars) entered India along with White Huns in 5th century A.D. from central Asia. Some of their clan names such as Hun, Aftali, etc. indicate that they were a part of the Hun tribe. They established their rule in present day Rajasthan by the name Gurjaratra in the 7th century A.D. Mihr Bhoja became their great emperor, who expanded the Gujjar ruled area to almost the entire northwestern part of India.There are several places in India and Pakistan named after their caste name as well as their different clans names such as Gujarat, Gujjaranwala, Gujjarkhan, Gujargarh, Gujarpur, Basigujjaran, Chachian, Khatanian, Kharian, Hunwara and many others. Three states ruled by Gujjar kings were even present at the time of Independence Day of India in 1947, which got emerged into India along with other states later on.


Where Are they Located?

Today they are found living in almost all the northwestern Indian states such as Rajasthan, Madhyapradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Himachal Pradesh, Kashmir, Uttar Pradesh, Gujarat, Maharashtra and Uttaranchal Pradesh. They also live in large numbers in Pakistan's West Punjab, North West Frontier Province, Sindh and Azad Kashmir and also in Eastern Afghanistan.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh and Uttaranchal areas, Gujjars are mostly pastoral nomads, having no villages or other permanent settlements. They roam behind their herds of cattle on carts and horses and make their temporary settlements under tents in forest areas. They move to high altitude hills in summer while came back to pastoral grounds of lowlands in winter. In Haryana and Rajasthan and Gujarat a very small section of Gujjars is semi nomadic while the rest of them in these areas and other areas are well settled people participating in animal husbandry and agriculture. Gujjars of some areas are also viewed by other people as a community of criminals such as cattle thieves, horse thieves and looters. However, this is a misconception. Some of them are very well-to-do and rich landlords. Generally Gujjars are tall, strong and sturdy people with fair skin color and sharp features. They are considered wrestlers from birth in some areas while their other favorite sport is to lift huge, heavy stones. They are also good horse riders.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Gujjars are mostly Hindus in India, though in Kashmir and Himachal Pradesh they are mostly Sunni Muslims. Muslim Gujjars are also present in Uttaranchal Pradesh and Uttar Pradesh in small numbers while in East Punjab they are Sikhs too. The nomadic Gujjars are almost all Sunni Muslims. Gujjars believe in their customary laws regarding their social life amongst themselves.


What Are Their Needs?

They need education and to shun their out dated rituals such as child marriages etc. They need to be uplifted from their backwardness by incorporating policies such as of reservation for them in jobs and by teaching them the latest techniques in animal husbandry and agriculture. Efforts should be made to inspire them to leave their pastoral nomadic life by lending them material support they require.


Profile Source:   Anonymous  

Prayer / Resource Links:
Global Prayer Digest: 2013-08-07
People Name General Gujjar
People Name in Country Gujjar
Population in India 1,167,000
World Population 3,491,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 24 to 28
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Bakarwal, Dodhi, Goor, Gujar, Gujri, Manhas, Mannas, गुज्जर
People ID 16879
ROP3 Code 112161
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 8
Largest States
Jammu and Kashmir
(1,113,000)
Himachal Pradesh
(46,000)
Uttar Pradesh
(3,000)
Haryana
(2,100)
Madhya Pradesh
(1,200)
Uttarakhand
(900)
Delhi
(400)
Maharashtra
(80)
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 15  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 8
  Jammu and Kashmir (1,113,000)
  Himachal Pradesh (46,000)
  Uttar Pradesh (3,000)
  Haryana (2,100)
  Madhya Pradesh (1,200)
  Uttarakhand (900)
  Delhi (400)
  Maharashtra (80)
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Gujari (678,000 speakers)
Language Code gju   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 33
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Kashmiri
(261,000)
Dogri
(34,000)
Urdu
(33,000)
Bhadrawahi
(22,000)
Balti
(10,000)
Khowar
(8,600)
Kangri
(7,200)
Punjabi, Eastern
(6,600)
Pahari, Mahasu
(5,600)
Mandeali
(4,300)
Chambeali
(3,000)
Bilaspuri
(2,600)
Hindi
(2,100)
Bhattiyali
(1,500)
Bateri
(1,100)
People Groups Speaking Gujari
Primary Language Gujari (678,000 speakers)
Language Code gju   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 33
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Kashmiri (261,000)
  Dogri (34,000)
  Urdu (33,000)
  Bhadrawahi (22,000)
  Balti (10,000)
  Khowar (8,600)
  Kangri (7,200)
  Punjabi, Eastern (6,600)
  Pahari, Mahasu (5,600)
  Mandeali (4,300)
  Chambeali (3,000)
  Bilaspuri (2,600)
  Hindi (2,100)
  Bhattiyali (1,500)
  Bateri (1,100)
People Groups Speaking Gujari

Primary Language:  Gujari

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions No
Bible-New Testament No
Bible-Complete No
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.02 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.01 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
3.16 %
Islam
96.65 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.04 %
Unknown
0.11 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2017  Matt Brandon  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Omid / Joshua Project / Global Mapping Intl  
Profile Source Anonymous  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
Religion Values * From India census data.  Current values may differ.


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