Bhotia in India

The Bhotia have only been reported in India
Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.

Introduction / History

Essentially all Buddhist groups in India today are groups who migrated from neighboring Buddhist countries (through choice or to avoid conflict), or who live along the borders with these countries. The Bhotia are the majority people in nearby Bhutan and many live in Nepal as well. In India, they are mainly in Sikkim along the southern slopes of the Himalayas. Bhotia society was feudal in nature; there were serfs and landlords. The serfs and slaves that the Bhotias took were at the bottom of society while the landed aristocracy had the power and wealth.


What Are Their Lives Like?

In most ways, the lifestyles of India’s Buddhist peoples are like those of their Hindu counterparts. However, sex roles are unusual for the Bhotia people. Women aren’t forced to get married if they are not satisfied with the possible choices of husbands. Men are away for a good percentage of a year, usually on trading expeditions, so their influence on their children is far less than that of the mother. Bhotia women are noted for being competent mothers and home makers.


What Are Their Beliefs?

The majority of Bhotia are Tantrayana (Lamaistic) Buddhists. Lamaistic Buddhism was developed in Tibet and then spread among the Mongols and other minority groups in southwestern Asia. They follow the teachings of the Dalai Lama and believe that each person's well-being was determined by his behavior in previous lives. It is highly influenced by shamanism. They live in fear of their gods and constantly strive to appease them with religious chants, rituals and sacrifices. Like Hindus, Buddhists believe that existence is a continuing cycle of death and rebirth (reincarnation). As long as a person remains within the cycle of death and rebirth, he can never be completely free from pain and suffering. The cycle can only be broken by achieving nirvana, and only those who follow the Buddhist principles of the "middle way" and the "noble eight-fold path" can achieve that state.


What Are Their Needs?

The small number of Bhotia believers need discipleship materials to encourage and strengthen them in their Christian walk. They also need the power of the Holy Spirit to take Christ to their neighbors and families.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Bhotia in India.

Pray the hearts of the Bhotia people would be stirred to hunger after God, to drink of living water. Pray for family-based movements to soon transform Bhotia society, blessing them spiritually and economically. Pray for the Lord to move in the hearts of believers to give up their own rights and sacrifice their lives to see the Bhotia people blessed by the work of Jesus Christ, the only savior.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2007-08-20
Global Prayer Digest: 2010-08-15
People Name General Bhotia
People Name in Country Bhotia
Pronunciation BOH-tee-ah
Population this Country 133,000
Population all Countries 133,000
Total Countries 1
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 3
Alternate Names Bhotia of Bhutan; Bhotia of Sikkim; Bhutia; Dandzongka; Drukpa; Lachengpa; Lhori; Monpa; Rang; Ranks; Rongpa; Shauka; Sikkim Bhotia; Tibetan; Tibetan Bhotia; भोटिया, सिक्किम
People ID 16449
ROP3 Code 111608
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country They inhabit all four districts of Sikkim, but they are concentrated in North Sikkim District near the Chinese border. A migrant community of Sikkimese has moved down into the Darjeeling District of West Bengal.   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States on file 10
Largest States
West Bengal
80,000
Uttarakhand
46,000
Uttar Pradesh
7,000
Delhi
100
Bihar
80
Chandigarh
60
Tamil Nadu
30
Jharkhand
20
Tripura
20
Punjab
10
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country They inhabit all four districts of Sikkim, but they are concentrated in North Sikkim District near the Chinese border. A migrant community of Sikkimese has moved down into the Darjeeling District of West Bengal..   Source:  Peoples of the Buddhist World, 2004
Total States 10
  West Bengal 80,000
  Uttarakhand 46,000
  Uttar Pradesh 7,000
  Delhi 100
  Bihar 80
  Chandigarh 60
  Tamil Nadu 30
  Jharkhand 20
  Tripura 20
  Punjab 10
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Nepali (55,000 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 49
Secondary Languages
(only 15 largest shown)
Kumaoni
20,000
Sikkimese
12,000
Hindi
7,300
Tibetan, Central
6,300
Garhwali
6,100
Sherpa
2,900
Rawat
2,100
Chaudangsi
1,500
Bengali
1,500
Darmiya
300
Byangsi
200
Santhali
200
Awadhi
100
Gujarati
100
Punjabi, Eastern
100
Primary Language Nepali (55,000 speakers)
Language Code npi   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 49
Secondary Languages (only 15 largest shown)
  Kumaoni 20,000
  Sikkimese 12,000
  Hindi 7,300
  Tibetan, Central 6,300
  Garhwali 6,100
  Sherpa 2,900
  Rawat 2,100
  Chaudangsi 1,500
  Bengali 1,500
  Darmiya 300
  Byangsi 200
  Santhali 200
  Awadhi 100
  Gujarati 100
  Punjabi, Eastern 100
People Groups Speaking Nepali

Primary Language:  Nepali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1850-1961)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1821-2010)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1914-2012)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online Audio Scripture
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Following Jesus video
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Nepali
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video New Way (Naya Goreto)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
Film / Video The Hope Video
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Comic Book Version
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Nepali
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
49.89 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
4.90 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
44.31 %
Islam
0.37 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.06 %
Unknown
0.48 %
* From latest India census data.
Current Christian values may substantially differ.
Photo Source Indrajit Das - Wikimedia  Creative Commons 
Map Source People Group data: Omid. Map geography: UNESCO / GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project.  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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