Aka in India


Population
9,400
Christian
Evangelical
Largest Religion
Main Language
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Aka women make their faces ugly, by painting them! Covering their beauty is their way of protecting themselves from men from outside. Because of this habit the British and Assamese gave them their name 'Aka', which in Assamese means 'painted'.

They are very proud of their long history. Their folklore claims that their ancestor was King Bhaluka, the grandson of King Bana who was defeated by Lord Krishna at Tezpur. Though their population is small, there are two dialects, namely Hrusso Aka and Kora Aka. They are a close-knit community, with eleven clans and sub clans.


What Are Their Lives Like?

They practice shift cultivation – mainly maize and millet. Rearing a bison-like animal called a Mithun is an activity in every household.

Handicrafts, basket weaving and woodcarving are the principal arts among the Aka tribe. Aka men wear a silky Assamese toga, while the women wear a long dark red garment that covers their entire body. Silver ornaments play an important role in the female costume: vase shaped earrings, and for the richer ones, a silver filigree chain is worn around the head. Men having several wives is quite common.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Both Hrusso and Koro Aka speakers follow the same religious beliefs and practices. Their main god is represented by the sun and moon, and they call him Donyi Polo. This god is a supreme god, all powerful, and controlling all living and non-living things. However, centuries of Buddhist and Hindu influences have greatly shaped their religious rituals. Now, superstition and magic play a central role in their beliefs. Shizon is the most popular one – used mainly against their enemies. One Shizon ritual involves slaughtering a dog, draining its blood and sprinkling a few drops of blood in their enemy's house or burning it in his hearth. The expectation is that spirits will harm the enemy.


What Are Their Needs?

As a result of nearly 50 years of Christian ministry among the Aka, about 30% are Christians. Others practice their age-old beliefs. Translation of the Scripture into these two dialects will go a long way to help strengthen the existing churches and lead the entire community to Christ.


Prayer Points

* Pray for Aka churches and their leaders to catch the vision for their people and to take an active lead in the evangelism of their community.
*Pray for unity among the churches and a thirst for God's Word.
* Pray for the mother tongue translation team to be strengthened, well equipped and speed the process of translating the Scripture.
(Mother tongue translation teams consist of language speakers and translation consultants working together.)


Profile Source:   Anonymous  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Aka
People Name in Country Aka
Population in India 9,400
World Population 9,800
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Least-Reached Yes
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 5  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Alternate Names Aka Pygmy, Akha, Baaka, Bayele, Hrusso, आका
People ID 16195
ROP3 Code 111303
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 4
Largest States
Arunachal Pradesh (7,200) Assam (2,100) West Bengal (80)
Nagaland (40)
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 17  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file: 4
Arunachal Pradesh (7,200) Assam (2,100)
West Bengal (80) Nagaland (40)

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Ethnologue Language Map
Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language: Hruso (8,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: hru   Ethnologue Listing
Written: Unknown
Total Languages: 16
Secondary Languages:
Assamese (400) Hindi (300) Bengali (100)
Nyishi (70) Adi (20) Punjabi, Eastern
Nepali Kuvi Tibetan, Central
Kok Borok Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken English
Kodava Naga, Sangtam Telugu
Primary Language: Hruso (8,000 speakers)   People group listing
Language Code: hru   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages: 16
Secondary Languages:
Assamese (400) Hindi (300)
Bengali (100) Nyishi (70)
Adi (20) Punjabi, Eastern (10)
Nepali (10) Kuvi (0)
Tibetan, Central (0) Kok Borok (0)
Arabic, Mesopotamian Spoken (0) English (0)
Kodava (0) Naga, Sangtam (0)
Telugu (0)
Primary Language: Hruso

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible Portions No
New Testament No
Complete Bible No
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Primary Religion: Hinduism

Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
9.14 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
4.52 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
61.36 %
Islam
0.01 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
24.97 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
Unknown
Independent
Unknown
Orthodox
Unknown
Other Christian
Unknown
Protestant
Unknown
Roman Catholic
Unknown
Photo Source: Rev. T. Kampu  
Profile Source: Anonymous  
Data Sources: Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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