The Kurds are the fourth largest ethno-linguistic group in the Middle East after the Arabs, Persians and Turks. Some experts say that the Kurds are the largest people in the world without their own country. A small population of Kurmanji or Northern Turks found their way into the former Soviet Republic of Georgia. The Kurmanji dialect is the most widely spoken of the four Kurdish dialects. The Kurds came to Georgia in the last two centuries to escape Turkish persecution in their homeland. Most Kurds in Georgia live in the capital of Tbilisi and in a southern region near the Armenian border. The heart language of the Kurds in Georgia is Northern Kurdish. Kurds also speak Georgian and often Russian. A revised complete Bible in northern Kurdish became available in 2016.
The Kurds have prospered in Georgia. Both before and after the fall of the Soviet Union the Kurds, as a small minority, were allowed to speak their language among their family and operate their businesses. The Georgian Kurds are generally better off economically than the Kurds in Turkey and Iran. Those Kurds who live in urban settings own businesses and work in the professions. Rural Kurds farm their land and raise animals. Traditional Kurdish culture is communal. The needs of the family or clan are put above the desires of the individual. Families are patrilineal with the father and husband running the home. Single women are not seen as full adults in traditional Kurdish society. Women and girls are expected to dress modestly.
Monogamy is the norm although a wealthy man may have up to four wives. If a husband dies, his brothers are expected to take the widow as a second wife if she is unable to find another husband. Families arrange marriages but the choice is not forced on the young person. He or she must agree to the match. Kurds usually live in extended families. A large number of children is viewed as a blessing from Allah. Parents encourage their children to gain college degrees. In urban settings, nuclear families are more common. Kurds want to be good citizens so as to not bring shame on their families. Hospitality is highly valued in Kurdish culture.
The large majority of Georgian Kurds are Muslim, mostly Sunni. Muslims try to obey the teachings of the Koran and the prophet Mohammad. Sunnis believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. However, Allah, the supreme God of the universe, determines who enters paradise. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime. Muslims are also prohibited from drinking alcohol, eating pork, gambling, stealing, using deceit, slandering, and making idols.
The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah. The most important Kurdish holiday is the New Year festival, Nowruz or Newroz, celebrated on the spring equinox (March 19-21). Kurds all over the world celebrate their New Year with special meals, games, dancing, poetry, and family get togethers.
Many Georgian Kurds have never heard a clear presentation of the gospel. Isa or Jesus is much more than a human prophet as He is described in Islam. The Georgian Kurds may be prosperous financially, but they are in spiritual poverty. Only a tiny number claim to be followers of Jesus Christ.
* Scripture Prayers for the Kurd, Kurmanji in Georgia.
Ask the Lord to call people who are willing to go to Georgia and share Christ with the Kurds.
Ask the Holy Spirit to soften the hearts of the Muslim Kurds towards Jesus Christ, the only savior.
Pray that God will raise up Georgian believers to help the Muslim Kurds begin their own church planting movement.
Ask God to strengthen, encourage, and protect the few known Kurdish believers in Georgia.
Ask the Lord to give mission agencies wise strategies for reaching the Kurdish population.
|Profile Source: Joshua Project|
|People Name General||Kurd, Kurmanji|
|People Name in Country||Kurd, Kurmanji|
|Natural Name||Northern Kurd|
|Population this Country||1,700|
|Population all Countries||15,960,000|
|Progress Scale||1 ●|
|Frontier People Group||No|
|GSEC||1 (per PeopleGroups.org)|
|Pioneer Workers Needed||1|
|Alternate Names||Kermanji; Kurmanji; Turkish Kurd; Yazidi; Yezidi|
|Region||Europe, Eastern and Eurasia|
|National Bible Society||Website|
|Persecution Rank||Not ranked|
|Location in Country||Kvemo Kartli and Mtskheta-Mtianeti regions; T’bilisi area. Source: Ethnologue 2016|
|Primary Language||Kurdish, Northern (1,700 speakers)|
|Language Code||kmr Ethnologue Listing|
|Language Written||Yes ScriptSource Listing|
Primary Language: Kurdish, Northern
|Bible Translation ▲||Status (Years)|
|Bible-New Testament||Yes (1872-2005)|
|Possible Print Bibles|
|Forum Bible Agencies|
|National Bible Societies|
|World Bible Finder|
|Resource Type ▲||Resource Name|
|Audio Recordings||Audio Bible teaching (GRN)|
|Audio Recordings||Online New Testament (FCBH)|
|Audio Recordings||Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)|
|Audio Recordings||StoryRunners Oral Bible Stories|
|Film / Video||God's Story Video|
|Film / Video||Indigitube.tv Video / Animation|
|Film / Video||Jesus Film: view in Kurdish, Northern|
|Film / Video||Life's Gold|
|Film / Video||Life's Gold|
|Film / Video||LUMO film of Gospels|
|Film / Video||Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)|
|Film / Video||My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)|
|Film / Video||Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)|
|Film / Video||The Prophets' Story|
|General||Got Questions Ministry|
|General||Walk with the Prophets and meet the Messiah|
|Mobile App||Download audio Bible app as APK file from FCBH|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)|
|Text / Printed Matter||Bible: Kurdish New Testament & Psalms|
|Text / Printed Matter||Jesus Messiah comic book|
|Major Religion ▲||Percent|
|Christianity (Evangelical 0.10 %)||
|Other / Small||
|Christian Segments ▲||Percent|