Northern Kurd in Lebanon


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Kurds are one of the largest ethno-linguistic people group in the world without their own nation. The homeland of the Kurds is in the Middle East, northwestern Iran, southeastern Turkey and the northern sections of Iraq and Syria. After WWII Kurds began to migrate from the violence and turmoil of southeastern Turkey to the relative calm of Lebanon. Since the outbreak of the Lebanese Civil War in 1975 the Kurds have suffered as much as any people in Lebanon. About one quarter of a million Kurds live in Lebanon, mostly in the northern section of the country. Some Lebanese Kurds speak northern Kurdish or Kurmanji at home while others speak Arabic.


What Are Their Lives Like?

The Kurds of Lebanon have been in a weak position both socially and economically. Though ill-paid for their unskilled manual labor, they cannot press for better conditions for fear of deportation. Many of the Kurds are not Lebanese citizens. Many Lebanese Kurds take any job they can find in order to feed their families. Since Lebanon's civil war began in 1975, Kurds have been among the country's most oppressed people. Many of them, as well as a number of Syrians and Shi'ite Muslims from southern Lebanon, have been massacred in the wars. Others have fled to the slums of southern Beirut looking for safety. Family is an essential part of Kurdish culture. The relationship between family members is close. The clan and community are more important than the individual in traditional Kurdish society. The Kurdish father is the traditional head of the home. The groom's family must pay a bride price to the relatives of the bride because she becomes officially part of the groom's family after the wedding. Traditionally a Kurdish man and woman in love could not marry without both their families' permission. Kurdish women and girls are supposed to dress modestly. Dressing immodestly would dishonor her family. Respecting older people is integral part of Kurdish culture. Hospitality and family honor are significant features. Many young people have started to put their own interests before that of their family and community.


What Are Their Beliefs?

About 75% of the world's Kurds claim to be Sunni Muslims. Smaller Kurdish groups include Shia, Sufi, Christian and Yazidi. Sunni Kurds tend to be more tolerate of other faiths than other Muslims. Sunni Kurds try to obey the teachings of the Koran and the prophet Mohammad. They believe that by following the Five Pillars of Islam that they will attain heaven when they die. However, Allah, the supreme God of the universe, determines who enters paradise. Sunnis pray five times a day facing Mecca. They fast the month of Ramadan. They attend mosque services on Friday. If a Muslim has the means, he or she will make a pilgrimage to Mecca once in his or her lifetime. The two main holidays for Sunni Muslims are Eid al Fitr, the breaking of the monthly fast and Eid al Adha, the celebration of Abraham's willingness to sacrifice his son to Allah. The Kurdish New Year on March 21 is celebrated as the most important holiday by all Kurds regardless of religion. Celebrations often go on for more than a week. Gifts are exchanged. Families and friends get together for meals.


What Are Their Needs?

The Kurds living in Lebanon must understand that biblical Christianity is not just a Western religion. They must see that their good works and devotion to family will not gain them the forgiveness of their sins or eternal life. As much as the Lebanese Kurds need peace in their neighborhoods and nation, they need spiritual peace with God even more.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Kurd, Kurmanji in Lebanon.

Pray the Lord leads Lebanese believers to build friendships with Kurds and tell them about their Savior. Pray that God creates a hunger for the Bible and spiritual truth in the heart of the Kurdish people living in Lebanon. Ask God to raise up a Disciple Making Movement among Lebanese Kurds in this decade. Pray that Kurdish leaders are willing to investigate the claims of Jesus Christ.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2016-12-15
People Name General Kurd, Kurmanji
People Name in Country Kurd, Kurmanji
Natural Name Northern Kurd
Pronunciation kerd
Population this Country 290,000
Population all Countries 15,960,000
Total Countries 33
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 2  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
Alternate Names Kermanji; Kurmanji; Turkish Kurd; Yazidi; Yezidi
People ID 12877
ROP3 Code 105458
Country Lebanon
Region Africa, North and Middle East
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Scattered urban areas, Beyrouth, Liban-Sud (Sidon), and Liban-Nord (Tripoli) givernorates; also in Beqaa Governorate, Bekah Valley.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Lebanon
Region Africa, North and Middle East
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Scattered urban areas, Beyrouth, Liban-Sud (Sidon), and Liban-Nord (Tripoli) givernorates; also in Beqaa Governorate, Bekah Valley..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Kurdish, Northern (290,000 speakers)
Language Code kmr   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Kurdish, Northern (290,000 speakers)
Language Code kmr   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Kurdish, Northern

Primary Language:  Kurdish, Northern

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1856-2016)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1872-2005)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2008)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Audio Recordings StoryRunners Oral Bible Stories
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Indigitube.tv Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Kurdish, Northern
Film / Video Life's Gold
Film / Video Life's Gold
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Got Questions Ministry
General Walk with the Prophets and meet the Messiah
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from FCBH
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Comic Book Version (SuperBible)
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Kurdish New Testament & Psalms
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.01 %)
4.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
0.00 %
Islam
90.00 %
Non-Religious
6.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Anglican
0.0 %
Independent
0.0 %
Orthodox
52.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
Protestant
3.0 %
Roman Catholic
45.0 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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