Fulani in Gabon

Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

Some historians believe the Fulani emerged from a prehistoric pastoral group that originated in the upper Nile region around 3500 B.C. As the climate of the Sahara grew increasingly harsh, population pressures drove them to migrate slowly west and south in search of better grazing lands. By the 11th century the Fulani emerged as a distinct people group in the Sénégambia Valley. Over the next 400 years they journeyed south of the Sahara, which had become an inhospitable desert.

Traditionally most Fulani are shepherds or cattle herders, but over time some settled down and, by the 19th century, had established a series of kingdoms between Sénégal and Cameroon. The Fulani have myths about how the nomads and settled rulers emerged.

The settled rulers brought Islam to much of West Africa. By about 1810 the Fulani conquered the Hausa, and held much of northern Nigeria in subjection until defeated by the British between 1900-1906. (Per SIM.org)

Where Are they Located?

This people group is predominant in Nigeria, but they live in 20 nations of West Africa including Gabon, where they are hardly noticed among the other ethnic groups.

What Are Their Lives Like?

For hundreds of years the Fulani people have been nomadic shepherds and cattle herders. They sometimes farm, but they much prefer to tend livestock. The judge one another's status by the number of cattle they own.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The 1500s was a time when the first Fulani became Muslim, but they didn't have a full movement to Islam until the 1800s. As often has happened in Islamic history, this movement came as the result of military activity. The Fulani are actually folk Muslims, meaning that they blend traditional religion with Islam. They seek to control the spirit world through animal sacrifices and by wearing fetishes.

The Fulani have their own unique moral code that combines virtues, which they call "The Fulani pathway." The dominant trait involves having an intimate understanding of Fulani language and culture. They also value patience, self-control, discipline, modesty, respect for others, wisdom, courage, and hard work.

What Are Their Needs?

Like the other Fulanis, the Fulanis in Gabon need to understand that it is essential to embrace the lordship of Jesus Christ. Many believe they have all they need, but like the people of Sardis, they are "wretched, miserable, poor, blind, and naked," without an ability to see the Lord.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Fulani in Gabon.

* Traditionally the Fulani have been resistant to Christianity. Pray for spiritual openness.
* Pray that efforts by mission agencies in countries where the Fulani live will affect the Fulanis in Gabon.
* Pray for a disciple making movement among the Fulani throughout West Africa.
* Pray that the few Fulani believers will shine like the sun before their Muslim neighbors so that others will give Christ the honor He is due.



Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

Additional Info
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulbe, Fulani
People Name in Country Fulani
World Population 5,212,000
Total Countries 8
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Adamawa; Bagirmi Fulani; Falata; Fellata; Fula; Fulba Kita; Fulfulde-Fulani; Gewe; Gueve; Igboro Fulani; Kano-Katsina; Puel; Sudanese Fula; Toroobe; Voila
People ID 11774
ROP3 Code 103079
Country Gabon
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Gabon
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

No people group map currently available. Use the above button to submit a map.

Ethnologue Language Map

Primary Language Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger (11,000 speakers)
Language Code fuq   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger (11,000 speakers)
Language Code fuq   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger

Primary Language:  Fulfulde, Central-Eastern Niger

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (2006)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2015)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde New Testament
Primary Religion: Islam
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.20 %)
1.50 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
0.00 %
98.50 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
0.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
0.0 %
30.0 %
Roman Catholic
70.0 %
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more