Adamawa Fulani in Chad

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Adamawa Fulani are a vast people group that migrated from North Africa or the Middle East to West and Central Africa centuries ago. They are nomadic shepherds who travel with their herds in search of better grazing land. Confined to an almost horizontal area across Africa, they are bound by the Sahara Desert to the north and by the cattle-attracted tsetse fly to the south. In addition to keeping flocks, some Adamawa Fulani are farmers and some have become scholars and influential leaders.

Today, they are grouped and named according to location, occupation, and dialect. The Adamawa Fulani of Chad are a branch of the Fulani who occupy the Adamawa province of Nigeria and have spilled over into Cameroon and Chad. Their language is called Fulfulde.

They are lighter-skinned and have thinner lips and straighter hair and noses than other African groups with whom they dwell.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Although most Adamawa Fulani are shepherds, some are farmers who grow sorghum or corn. They obtain millet, yams, and peanuts by trading with nearby tribes. Milk is a main source of the Adamawa Fulani diet, and the people also produce and trade butter in the markets.

Adamawa Fulani have dry-season and wet-season camps. They live in the wet-season camps during cultivation and harvest times, when the pastures are best for grazing. Homes are beehive huts made of woven twigs, leaves, and grass. During the dry season, the people camp in portable huts, moving the cattle or sheep herds to well-watered land in the flood plains.

Men hunt, trade livestock, and are in charge of herding. Women usually milk the cattle and sell butter. Young men move the herds, with the help of their younger brothers. Elders make all political decisions and also teach traditions to the children. Children learn from an early age to have the dignity and pride that all Adamawa Fulani seem to possess.

A boy who has been initiated into manhood will live in a separate hut which eventually will be the home for his fiance. Marriages usually are arranged by parents during a child's infancy. According to Muslim tradition, men may marry up to four wives.

Children are considered extremely important. Adamawa Fulani believe a person lives from generation to generation through his children. If an Adamawa Fulani dies having never had children, he is believed to have died twice.

A true Adamawa Fulani is psychologically and physically distant and distinct from a non-Fulani. An Adamawa Fulani will hold in his emotions so that no one knows what he is thinking. The ideal Adamawa Fulani is reserved, yet emotionally tied to his cattle. He is gentle, yet disdainful toward non-Fulani.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The great majority of the Adamawa Fulani are Muslim; however, like other Fulani sects, the Adamawa Fulani adhere to traditional practices and beliefs other than Islam. For example, taboos are common in their culture: they may not call a first son or daughter by name; a wife is to be seen at a distance from her husband in public; goat meat may not be eaten.

Adamawa Fulani are required to love their mothers and respect their elders. They posses many virtues, such as generosity, honesty, and modesty.

Adamawa Fulani boys are initiated into manhood in an unusual manner. Friends must beat each other across the chests with walking sticks. No sign of pain must by shown, and the scars from the beatings are to be proudly shown as a sign of courage throughout the men's lives.

What Are Their Needs?

A large effort has been made to evangelize these reserved people; however, few of the Adamawa Fulani have become Christians. They need much prayer, intercession, and further evangelization so they may be reached with the Gospel message.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Adamawa in Chad.

* Ask the Lord to send laborers with servants' hearts to work among the Adamawa Fulani.
* Ask the Holy Spirit to grant wisdom and favor to any missions agencies focusing on the Adamawa Fulani.
* Pray for effectiveness of the Jesus film among the people.
* Pray that God will give Adamawa Fulani believers boldness to share the love of Jesus with their own people.
* Ask God to raise up prayer teams who will begin breaking up the soil through worship and intercession.
* Ask the Lord to bring forth a strong and growing Adamawa Fulani church for the glory of His name!

Profile Source:   Bethany World Prayer Center  

The Waiting World - The Fulani

Source:  The Waiting World      Download

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-02-28
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulbe, Fulani
People Name in Country Fulani, Adamawa
Natural Name Adamawa Fulani
Population this Country 264,000
Population all Countries 5,208,000
Total Countries 8
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 5
Alternate Names Adamawa; Bagirmi Fulani; Falata; Fellata; Fula; Fulba Kita; Fulfulde-Fulani; Gewe; Gueve; Igboro Fulani; Kano-Katsina; Puel; Sudanese Fula; Toroobe; Voila
People ID 11774
ROP3 Code 103079
Country Chad
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Mayo-Kebbi Ouest region: Lac Léré department.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Chad
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Mayo-Kebbi Ouest region: Lac Léré department..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Fulfulde, Adamawa (264,000 speakers)
Language Code fub   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Fulfulde, Adamawa (264,000 speakers)
Language Code fub   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Fulfulde, Adamawa

Primary Language:  Fulfulde, Adamawa

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1919-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1963-1964)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1983-2018)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Adamawa (FCBH)
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Fulfulde, Adamawa
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Mobile App Download Audio Bible app as APK File from FCBH
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde Bible
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde Bible & DC
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Sunni
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.10 %)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
24.00 %
0.00 %
75.85 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
10.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
5.0 %
75.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2021  Anton Ivanov - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Video Source The Waiting World
Profile Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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