Adamawa Fulani in Chad

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Fulani are comprised of a number of distinct sub-groups who live across a huge swath of central and western Africa from Senegal in the west and to Sudan in the east. They are bounded in the north by the Sahara Desert and live no further south than Cameroon and the Central African Republic. They are grouped and named according to their location, occupation and dialect of their widely spoken language. One of their subgroups is the Adamawa, and here is their story. In the 1800s, Modibo Adama, a scholar and Muslim holy warrior, led a jihad in what is now Cameroon and Nigeria, opening the region up to Fulani colonization. He continued his campaign, eventually conquering many villages and founding his own empire, which he named Adamawa after himself. His Fulani people established Islam as the religion in the region. New Adamawa converts learned classical Arabic in order to study the Koran. Most Adamawa Fulani occupy the Adamawa Province of Nigeria, but some have spilled over into Cameroon and Chad.

What Are Their Lives Like?

A true Adamawa Fulani is psychologically and physically distant and distinct from a non-Fulani. He will control his emotions so that no one knows what he is thinking. The ideal Adamawa Fulani is reserved. He is gentle, yet disdainful toward non-Fulani. Though some Adamawa are now scholars and Muslim leaders, most are rural. Although the majority are shepherds, some are farmers who grow sorghum or corn. Usually they obtain millet, yams, and peanuts by trading with nearby tribes. Milk is a main source of the Adamawa Fulani diet, and the people also produce and trade butter in the markets. Adamawa Fulani have dry-season and wet-season camps. They live in the wet-season camps during cultivation and harvest times, when the pastures are best for grazing. Their homes are beehive-shaped huts made of woven twigs, leaves and grass. During the dry season, the people camp in portable huts, moving the cattle or sheep herds to well-watered land in the flood plains. Men hunt, trade livestock, and are in charge of herding. Women usually milk the cows and sell butter. Young men move the herds with the help of their younger brothers. Elders make all political decisions and teach traditions to the children. Children learn from an early age to have the dignity and pride that all Adamawa Fulani seem to possess. Adamawa Fulani boys are initiated into manhood in an unusual manner. Friends must beat each other across the chests with walking sticks. They are not allowed to show signs of pain and the boy will proudly show his scars as a sign of courage throughout his life. A boy who has been initiated into manhood will live in a separate hut which eventually will be the home for his fiancé. Marriages usually are arranged by parents during a child's infancy. According to Muslim tradition, men may marry up to four wives. Adamawa Fulani believe a person lives from generation to generation through his children. If an Adamawa Fulani dies having never had children, his community views him as having died twice. For that reason, children are extremely important to the Adamawa Fulani.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The great majority of the Adamawa Fulani are Muslim; however, like other Fulani groups, the Adamawa Fulani adhere to traditional practices and beliefs as well. For example, taboos are common in their culture: they may not call a first son or daughter by name; a wife is to be seen at a distance from her husband in public; they may not eat goat meat. Adamawa Fulani are required to love their mothers and respect their elders. They possess many virtues, such as generosity, honesty and modesty.

What Are Their Needs?

Pride is a huge barrier to the gospel, which much be accepted like a humble child. The Adamawa Fulani need the humility to understand and act upon the belief that they need a sin-forgiving Savior.

Prayer Points

Pray for the Lord to humble the Adamawa Fulani leaders. Pray for the Lord to provide for the Adamawa Fulani's livestock so well that they acknowledge his goodness and power. Pray for peace between herders and farmers in Chad. There are sometimes violent conflicts over water and land. Pray for the Lord to intervene among the Adamawa Fulani in Chad in such a way that they will become open to accepting the lordship of Christ. Pray for workers to go to the Adamawa Fulani in Chad. Pray for a Disciple Making Movement among the Adamawa that will spread to other Fulani groups.

Scripture Prayers for the Fulani, Adamawa in Chad.

Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

The Waiting World - The Fulani
Source:  The Waiting World      Download

Additional Info
Fulani profile for Children and Family Missions Activities
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-02-28
Link Up Africa
People Name General Fulani, Adamawa
People Name in Country Fulani, Adamawa
Natural Name Adamawa Fulani
Pronunciation ah-dah-MAH-wah foo-LAH-nee
Population this Country 301,000
Population all Countries 4,992,000
Total Countries 7
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per
Pioneer Workers Needed 6
Alternate Names Adamawa; Bagirmi Fulani; Falata; Fellata; Fula; Fulata; Fulba Kita; Fulfulde-Fulani; Gewe; Gueve; Igboro Fulani; Kano-Katsina; Puel; Sudanese Fula; Toroobe; Voila
People ID 11774
ROP3 Code 103079
Country Chad
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Mayo-Kebbi Ouest region: Lac Léré department.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Chad
Region Africa, West and Central
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Mayo-Kebbi Ouest region: Lac Léré department..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Primary Language Fulfulde, Adamawa (301,000 speakers)
Language Code fub   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Fulfulde, Adamawa (301,000 speakers)
Language Code fub   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Fulfulde, Adamawa

Primary Language:  Fulfulde, Adamawa

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1919-1966)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1963-1964)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1983-2018)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Fulfulde, Adamawa
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
General Gospel resources links
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde, Adamawa
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Fulfulde, Adamawa
Text / Printed Matter Children and youth resources
Text / Printed Matter Topical Scripture booklets and Bible studies
Primary Religion: Islam
Religion Subdivision: Sunni
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.10 %)
0.15 %
Ethnic Religions
24.00 %
0.00 %
75.85 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
10.0 %
0.0 %
Other Christian
5.0 %
75.0 %
Roman Catholic
10.0 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2022  Anton Ivanov - Shutterstock  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Map Source Bethany World Prayer Center  
Video Source The Waiting World
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more