Madhiban in Somalia

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Midgan people of Somalia are also known as Madhiban or Gabooye. At one time, they were hunters. They are one of the low caste communities of Somalia along with the Yibir and Tumals. Midgan people became low caste because they were accused of some wrong-doing to other communities in the past. Midgan people are expected to do leather work and other things reserved for those at the bottom of the Somali pecking order. There are similar caste groups in other parts of the Horn of Africa.

Where Are they Located?

Midgan people live only in Somalia.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Being a tanner is a very unpleasant job. Midgan people must endure the stench of decaying carcasses and the chemicals it takes to process cow hides, making them into leather.

On top of this, they are looked down upon by other people groups in Somalia. Rape by other clans is a common occurrence, and it usually goes unpunished. Midgan children do not go to school because they cannot afford fees and are at risk of mistreatment by other children. They must live in separate communities, because others consider them dirty or polluted. Other Somali clans and ethnic groups will not intermarry with the Midgans. Some of the Midgan people are either barbers or blacksmiths, which are also low-status professions.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Midgan people are best described as animists. They believe the world is filled with various spirits that must be appeased or placated. They are not Muslim like the majority Somali population. There are no Christian believers among them.

What Are Their Needs?

The Midgan people need training in areas that will allow them to play an essential role in Somalia. For example, if they learned certain computer skills or ways to improve Somalia's infrastructure, they could no longer be held back. Believers with the right skills might be able to provide this kind of training.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Madhiban in Somalia.

* Pray for the opportunity for Midgan people to hear about the savior who accepts all people as equals.
* Pray for believers in other parts of Africa to go to the Midgan people with the eternal gospel.
* Pray for spiritual discernment and favor for believers.
* Pray for a Disciple-Making movement to emerge among the Midgan people in Somalia.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2019-01-22
People Name General Madhiban
People Name in Country Madhiban
Population this Country 7,300
Population all Countries 9,900
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Gaboye; Midgan; Muse Dheri
People ID 19170
ROP3 Code 106615
Country Somalia
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 3  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Scattered among Somali tribes   Source:  World Christian Database
Country Somalia
Region Africa, East and Southern
Continent Africa
10/40 Window Yes
Persecution Rank 3  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Scattered among Somali tribes.   Source:  World Christian Database

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Somali (7,300 speakers)
Language Code som   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Primary Language Somali (7,300 speakers)
Language Code som   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Somali

Primary Language:  Somali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1915-1935)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1972-1976)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1979-2008)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, Old Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video I Against My Brother (Somali)
Film / Video Video / Animation
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Somali
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video Walk with Jesus (Africa, JF Project)
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Got Questions Ministry
General Walk with the Prophets and meet the Messiah
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file from FCBH
Mobile App Download audio Bible app from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Kitaabka Quduuska Ah
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Somali Bible
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
70.00 %
0.00 %
30.00 %
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
Other Christian
Roman Catholic
Photo Source Anonymous 
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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