Khalka Mongols in United States

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

In the thirteenth century, Genghis Khan formed one of the greatest empires in world history by uniting all of the nomadic Mongol tribes. During the centuries that followed, the once mighty Mongol empire was squeezed between the growing Russian and Chinese empires. In the early 1920s, Mongolia became a Marxist state until its quiet democratic revolution in 1990. The Khalkha are the largest group of Mongols in Mongolia. In fact, they are the core of all the Mongol peoples across North Asia. The Khalkha Mongols consider themselves the direct descendants of Genghis Khan and therefore, the true preservers of Mongol culture. The Khalkha Mongols consider their language, Halh, to be the "real" Mongolian language, since all other Mongols speak variations or dialects of Halh. Halh is understood throughout Mongolia and by Mongols living in Central Asia. Mongolia was once one of the most closed countries in the world, but is now relatively open to outside influence, including Christianity. Statistics have shown that Mongols who leave their homeland are more open to the claims of Christ than their brothers and sisters who stay behind. A few thousand Mongols have migrated to the US in search of economic opportunities and a better life for their children. The primary language of the Mongol Americans is Halh within their families. They speak English with outsiders. A new translation of the complete Bible in Halh became available to Mongolians in 2015.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The Mongols of the US often work in any jobs they can find to support their families. These occupations include mining, sheep herding, agriculture, factory, and construction work. Almost all Mongol Americans live in apartments or houses. Groups and families of Mongols are now residing in New York City, Chicago, Los Angeles, and San Francisco. The Mongol Americans have adapted to the foods that North Americans eat. This is in sharp contrast to the meat, dairy and fat diet of the natives of Mongolia. Khalkha Mongols traditionally married while they were very young. The girls were usually 13 or 14, and the boys were only a few years older. Today, Mongol American couples usually marry while they are in their early to mid-twenties; then they immediately begin having children. Mongolian parents encourage their children to obtain a college education. Urban Khalkha Mongols, especially those with a college education, tend to delay marriage until they reach their late twenties. Mongol families frequently have four or more children. Khalkha Mongols love music, folk dances, chess, and sporting events. Every July, the ancient Naadam festival is celebrated throughout Mongolia. Their popular sporting events include horse racing, archery and wrestling. Mongols living in USA face the challenge of retaining their culture and at the same time adapting to modern western society.

What Are Their Beliefs?

Khalkha Mongols were traditionally Shamanists (belief in an unseen world of gods, demons, and spirits). The people depended on shamans (medicine men) to cure the sick through magic, communicate with the gods, and control events. In the late 1500s, the Mongols were introduced to Tibetan Buddhism, and most Mongols converted to Buddhism at that time. By 1900, half of Mongolia's males were serving as priests in Buddhist monasteries. However, as a result of an anti-religious movement launched by the Marxist government in the 1930s, over half of the Khalkha Mongols became either non-religious or atheists. Today, a number of Khalkha Mongols have returned to the beliefs of their forefathers. Shamans are once again called upon to cure the sick or alleviate evil spirits through divination, oracles, and astrology. A combination of Buddhism and Shamanism has survived, especially among the elderly. The Mongols living in the USA are still culturally Shamanistic Buddhists. A tiny group of believers now exists among the American Mongols.

What Are Their Needs?

Mongol Americans need to see that Jesus Christ is the Savior and Lord of all people, including themselves. Mongols coming to the USA need help in learning English and finding jobs to support their families. Their children must adapt to American schools.

Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Mongol, Khalka in United States.

Pray that God will open the hearts of Khalkha Mongol leaders in the USA to the gospel so that they will open the door for a movement to Christ. Ask God to set Khalkha Mongols free from their bondage to occultism and Shamanistic beliefs. Ask God to raise up teams of intercessors who will faithfully stand in the gap for Khalkha Mongols of Australia. Pray that American believers will have opportunities to introduce Khalkha Mongols to the Prince of Peace.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2017-05-29
People Name General Mongol, Khalka
People Name in Country Mongol, Khalka
Pronunciation Mong-goll, Hahl-ka
Natural Name Khalka Mongols
Natural Pronunciation Hahl-ka Mong-golls
Population this Country 15,000
Population all Countries 2,433,000
Total Countries 12
Indigenous No
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bait; Bayad; Bayit; Hahl Mongol; Hanl; Khalka; Khalkha Mongol; Meng Zu; Menggu; Mongolian; Oirat; Southeastern Mongolian; Western Mongul
People ID 18605
ROP3 Code 114225
Country United States
Region America, North and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country United States
Region America, North and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Primary Language:  Mongolian, Halh

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1979-1991)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1990)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2003-2015)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Building a Family of Love
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mongolian, Halh
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
General Mongolian Online Video Christian Resource Center
Mobile App Download Audio Bible app as APK File from FCBH
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Mongolian Ariun Bible, 2004 Edition
Text / Printed Matter Father's Love Letter
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible text (Scripture Earth)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent
35.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.20 %)
2.00 %
Ethnic Religions
32.00 %
0.00 %
4.00 %
27.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
57.0 %
2.0 %
Other Christian
22.0 %
17.0 %
Roman Catholic
2.0 %
Photo Source Charles Keen 
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more


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