Mongol, Khalka in Canada

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

In the thirteenth century, Genghis Khan formed the largest empire in world history by uniting all of the nomadic Mongol tribes. During the centuries that followed, the once mighty Mongol Empire was squeezed between the growing Russian and Chinese empires. In the early 1920s, Mongolia became a Marxist state until its quiet democratic revolution in 1990.

The Khalka Mongols consider their language, Halh, to be the "real" Mongolian language, since all other Mongols speak variations or dialects of Halh. Halh is understood throughout Mongolia and by Mongols living in Central Asia.

Where Are they Located?

Most Khalka Mongolians live in Mongolia or China, but a small number have found their way to Canada. Some have made their home in Calgary.

What Are Their Lives Like?

Some of the Mongols have gone to Canada to evade either poverty or a bad family situation in Mongolia. Alcoholism and unemployment are widespread in Mongolia. Some of these people are in danger of being deported since they are not refugees in the traditional sense.

What Are Their Beliefs?

The Khalka Mongols were traditionally shamanists (belief in an unseen world of gods, demons, and spirits). The people depended on shamans (medicine men) to cure the sick by magic, communicate with the gods, and control events.

In the late 1500s, the Mongols were introduced to Tibetan Buddhism, and most Mongols converted to Buddhism at that time. By 1900, more than half of Mongolia's males were serving as priests in Buddhist monasteries. However, as a result of an anti-religious movement launched by the Marxist government in the 1930s, about three-quarters of the Khalka Mongols became either non-religious or atheists.

Today, a number of Khalka Mongols have returned to the beliefs of their forefathers. Shamans are once again called upon to cure the sick or alleviate evil spirits through divination, oracles, and astrology. This might be affecting some of the Mongols in Canada as well.

What Are Their Needs?

Mongol immigrants in Canada need to learn language and job skills that will help them to flourish in their new environment.

Prayer Points

* Ask God to set the Khalka Mongol free from their bondage to occultism and shamanistic beliefs.
* Pray for a disciple making movement to flourish among the Mongols in North America.
* Ask God to raise up teams of intercessors who will faithfully stand in the gap for the Khalkha Mongols around the world.
* Pray that believers in Canada will have opportunities to introduce the Khalka Mongol to the Prince of Peace.
* Pray that Mongol men in Canada would rise up to become strong in the Lord. Pray that they will use that strength to nurture their families in the ways of Christ.


Profile Source:   Keith Carey  

People Name General Mongol, Khalka
People Name in Country Mongol, Khalka
Population in Canada 1,500
World Population 2,165,300
Total Countries 11
Indigenous No
Unreached Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Progress Scale 1
GSEC 1  (per
Alternate Names Bait, Bayad, Bayit, Hahl Mongol, Hanl, Khalka, Khalkha Mongol, Meng Zu, Menggu, Mongolian, Oirat, Southeastern Mongolian, Western Mongul
People ID 18605
ROP3 Code 114225
Country Canada
Region North America and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Country Canada
Region North America and Caribbean
Continent North America
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked

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Ethnologue Language Map

Primary Language Mongolian, Halh (1,500 speakers)
Language Code khk   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 1
Other People Groups Speaking Mongolian, Halh
Primary Language Mongolian, Halh (1,500 speakers)
Language Code khk   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 1
People Groups Speaking Mongolian, Halh

Primary Language:  Mongolian, Halh

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1979-1991)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1990)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2003)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon National Bible Societies
Forum of Bible Agencies World Bible Finder
Gospel Go World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Building a Family of Love (
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mongolian, Halh
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Mongolian Ariun Bible, 2004 Edition
Text / Printed Matter Fathers Love Letter
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Ethnic Religions
Major Religion Percent
30.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.10 %)
1.50 %
Ethnic Religions
36.50 %
32.00 %
Other / Small
Christian Segments Percent
Other Christian
Roman Catholic
Photo Source Charles Keen 
Profile Source Keith Carey  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more

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