Khalka Mongol in Russia

Main Language
Largest Religion
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The name Khalka means "shield." The region of Outer Mongolia has been called the shield since the sixteenth century. In the early 1900s one missionary described the Mongols as "well-built and sturdy. He is fearless, and self-reliant; generous, and comparatively honest, kindly, hospitable, and easily approached and understood when treated with proper consideration."

The Khalka Mongolian language is largely intelligible with the standard language spoken by most Mongols in the Chinese province of Inner Mongolia. Speakers from the two countries have little trouble understanding each other; however, one linguist points out that the two languages "have important phonological and loan differences."

The Khalka keep carefully preserved genealogies to prove they are descendants of Genghis Khan, their national hero. For centuries they were ruled by a hereditary line of nobles and princes, until these families were stripped of power by the Mongolian and Chinese Communist governments in the last century.

A small group of Mongols now live in Siberia in Russia near the Outer Mongolian border. The Mongols speak Mongolian at home and Russian at work and school. A new revised, Mongolian Bible became available in 2015.

What Are Their Lives Like?

The traditional occupation of Mongols in their homeland is the nomadic herding and rearing of animals. They raise and sell horses, cattle, camels, yaks, sheep, and goats. In Russia, most Mongols still practice their ancient way of life. Some Mongols have moved to Russian cities and towns and work jobs in sanitation, security, factories, transportation, and retail. Some have taken advantage of the Russian educational system and now work in middle class and professional jobs.

Since they are such a small minority in Russia, the Mongols try to keep a low profile. They often have larger families than the Russian majority. The father/husband leads and provides for the family. Women take care of domestic responsibilities. Women frequently have to work outside the home to make ends meet. The Mongols in Russia are slowly losing their ancient customs and language as their children and grandchildren are educated in secular Russian schools.

The greatest festival of the year for all Mongols is “nadam,” a word meaning amusement. Mongols from far and wide gather for horse racing, wrestling, archery, and other games.

What Are Their Beliefs?

About one third of Khalka Mongols in Siberia follow Tibetan Buddhism, also known as Lamaism. This form of Buddhism is becoming weaker among the Khalka Mongols in Russia.

Portions of the Bible were first translated into Khalka in the early twentieth century. Early missionary work was slow and difficult. In 1990 the number of Khalka believers was thought to be only in the dozens. Now many thousands of Mongolians in Mongolia have come to the Lord. We can pray that this movement to Christ will extend to the Mongolians in Siberia too.

What Are Their Needs?

In Russia, many indigenous peoples see Christianity as a European religion. The Mongolians must come to understand that Jesus Christ is the Savior and Lord of all peoples. He alone can forgive their sins and grant them eternal life.

Prayer Points

Pray that Mongol parents in Russia are able to provide for their children.

Pray that Mongol elders in Russia would be moved by the Lord to read the Bible and investigate the claims of Jesus Christ.

Ask the Lord to send workers to the Mongols in Russia.

Pray the Lord raises up biblical Mongol churches in Russia in this decade.

Scripture Prayers for the Mongol, Khalka in Russia.


Profile Source:   Joshua Project  

Additional Info
Global Prayer Digest: 2008-03-23
People Name General Mongol, Khalka
People Name in Country Mongol, Khalka
Natural Name Khalka Mongol
Pronunciation HAHL-ka MAHNG-goal
Population this Country 3,000
Population all Countries 2,518,000
Total Countries 12
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bait; Bayad; Bayit; Hahl Mongol; Hanl; Khalka; Khalkha Mongol; Meng Zu; Menggu; Mongolian; Oirat; Southeastern Mongolian; Western Mongul
People ID 18605
ROP3 Code 114225
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Buryatiya Republic.   Source:  Ethnologue 2016
Country Russia
Region Europe, Eastern and Eurasia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window No
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank Not ranked
Location in Country Buryatiya Republic..   Source:  Ethnologue 2016

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language:  Mongolian, Halh

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1979-1991)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1990)
Bible-Complete Yes  (2003-2015)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
World Bibles
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
Virtual Storehouse
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching
Audio Recordings DAVAR Partners recording, complete Bible
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Online New Testament
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio
Film / Video Building a Family of Love
Film / Video God's Story video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Mongolian, Halh
Film / Video LUMO film of Gospels
Film / Video Magdalena video
Film / Video My Last Day video, anime
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children
General Biblical answers to your questions
General Four Spiritual Laws
General Gospel resources links
General Mongolian Online Video Christian Resource Center
Mobile App Download audio Bible app as APK file
Text / Printed Matter Bible: Mongolian, Halh
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter Literacy primer for Mongolian, Halh
Primary Religion: Buddhism
Major Religion Percent
35.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 1.20 %)
2.00 %
Ethnic Religions
32.00 %
0.00 %
4.00 %
27.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
0.00 %
Christian Segments Percent
0.0 %
57.0 %
2.0 %
Other Christian
22.0 %
17.0 %
Roman Catholic
2.0 %
Photo Source gradlon - Flickr  Creative Commons 
Profile Source Joshua Project  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more