Lahaula in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Subgroups: 4

Subgroup Name Population
Brahmin Unknown
Thakkur Unknown
Kanet Unknown
Lohar Unknown

Identity

The Lahaula or Lahuli Tinan - who are counted under the Tibetan nationality in China - are also known as Bhotia. The term Bhotia refers to people of Tibetan stock in general. The name Lahuli is also a generic term used to describe the inhabitants of the Lahul District, which was formerly controlled by the British. A 1922 missionary survey explained, "The name Tibet is unknown in the country itself, having been given to it by the Turks and Persians. Its true name is Bod or Bodyu, ie. Bodland, the original name of the inhabitants being Bodpa. Little Tibet, to the west of Tibet proper, consists of Lahoul and Spiti, which belong to England."


History

The Lahuli region was part of the Ladakhi Kingdom in the tenth century. Border clashes in the area in the 1950s and 1960s resulted in the Chinese seizing a large tract of land from India. The region, which is home to the Lahuli people, is called Aksai Chin.


Customs

Lahuli men are skillful merchants and traders. Lahuli women are known for their independence. "Since their husbands are usually off on trading expeditions, the women feel free to take more than one husband. The men trade salt, grain and wool to other people in the Himalayan region and in the process sometimes become quite wealthy."


Religion

The strength of Tibetan Buddhism in northern India depends to a great extent on the prosperity and generosity of the Lahuli Tinan. "They, in turn, feel spiritually secure because of the religious merit they gain by dispensing charity and generously supporting the temples."


Christianity

There are a handful of Lahuli Tinan believers in India, but none are known on the Tibetan side of the border. Few have ever heard of Jesus Christ. Mission work in Lahul began after Karl Gutzlaff challenged the Moravians to begin a mission in Tibet. "The first missionaries, A. W. Heyde and E. Pagell, settled down in Kyelang, a Tibetan village in the province of Lahul."


Profile Source:   Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Expanded PDF Profile

People Name General Lahaula
People Name in Country Lahaula
Population in India 2,900
World Population 6,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group No
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Bhot, Bhotia of Lahui, Bodh, Gondhia, Gondia, Lahula, Lahuli, Lahuli Tinan, Rangloi, Stod, Teenan, Tinani, Tod, लाहौला
People ID 18532
ROP3 Code 114148
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Central Himalayas, on both sides of India - China border   Source:  Joshua Project
Total States on file 2
Largest States
Himachal Pradesh
2,900
Chandigarh
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region South Asia
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 11  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Location in Country Central Himalayas, on both sides of India - China border.   Source:  Joshua Project
Total States 2
  Himachal Pradesh 2,900
  Chandigarh 20
Website South Asia Peoples

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Ethnolinguistic map or other map

Primary Language Tinani (1,700 speakers)
Language Code lbf   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 13
Secondary Languages
  Pattani 600
  Hindi 300
  Bhattiyali 200
  Kangri 70
  Kinnauri 50
  Tibetan, Central 30
  Sikkimese 20
  Naga, Liangmai 10
  Nepali 10
  Punjabi, Eastern 10
  Kinnauri, Bhoti 0
  Dogri 0
People Groups Speaking Tinani

Primary Language:  Tinani

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1908-1915)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (2017)
Bible-Complete No
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Mobile App Download Bible from Google Play Store
Text / Printed Matter Bible
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
48.31 %
Christianity  (Evangelical Unknown)
0.21 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
50.79 %
Islam
0.28 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.14 %
Unknown
0.28 %
Photo Source Copyrighted © 2018  Peoples of the Buddhist World, Paul Hattaway  All rights reserved.  Used with permission
Profile Source Operation China, Paul Hattaway  Copyrighted ©   Used with permission  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.


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