Turaiha in India


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Turaiha are a fishermen Hindu Tribe. They are considered as a lower caste and very depressed. Most of them have no idea about their origin. As Mr. A.C. Turner (1933) states "They are an offshoot from Kahars who have a subcaste of Turai in the plains and of Turaha in the hills. They now form a distinct caste broken away from Kahars" (Census of India, 1931.)


Where Are they Located?

The main population of Turaihas is located near the different rivers and lakes in Rohilkhand, Meerut, Agra, Oudh and Benares Division of Uttar Pradesh as well as Bihar and Bengal. The Turaihas are also known as Turai, Turaha, Turahiya and Turha.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Turaiha people used to speak in Hindi, Bhojpuri, Matheli, Oudhi and Bengali. The chief occupation of Turaha people is fishing, cultivating Singhara (Water Nut), making handheld fans and baskets. They are some of the best fishmen in India. They catch and sell fish for their daily income.

They usually drink liquor and toddy. They eat mutton, pork, fish, tortoise and crab. Brahmins do not enter Turaiha houses. On Hindu social scales Turaiha is higher than Chamar and Bhangi. Turaiha community is near to Bhil Tribe and somewhere treated as Dheemar also.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Turaiha are Hindu. They believe they are descended from the Sun god. The great Deity of the Turaihas is Sanichar Raja. Their main festival is held on Saturday in the month of Sawan at the asthan (Shrine) of Sanichar Raja by offering goats, pigs, kheer, grains and bread.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Turaiha in India.

* For the salvation of the Turaiha and that God may bring several Christian workers among them.
* Pray that Turaiha will wake up and join the main stream of nation.
* Pray that Christianity will bring modern medicine and antibiotics to the sick of the Turaiha community.


Profile Source:   Arun Kumar  

People Name General Turaiha
People Name in Country Turaiha
World Population 365,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
GSEC 1  (per PeopleGroups.org)
Pioneer Workers Needed 7
Alternate Names Taruhi, Tomar, Tomra, Turaha, Turha, टुरैहा
People ID 18272
ROP3 Code 113816
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 7
Largest States
Bihar
307,000
Uttar Pradesh
28,000
West Bengal
24,000
Uttarakhand
1,300
Jharkhand
600
Meghalaya
60
Andaman and Nicobar
30
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country India
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 10  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 7
  Bihar 307,000
  Uttar Pradesh 28,000
  West Bengal 24,000
  Uttarakhand 1,300
  Jharkhand 600
  Meghalaya 60
  Andaman and Nicobar 30
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Bhojpuri (162,000 speakers)
Language Code bho   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
Hindi
153,000
Bengali
22,000
Maithili
21,000
Kumaoni
800
Garhwali
300
Kanauji
60
Awadhi
40
Primary Language Bhojpuri (162,000 speakers)
Language Code bho   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 8
Secondary Languages
  Hindi 153,000
  Bengali 22,000
  Maithili 21,000
  Kumaoni 800
  Garhwali 300
  Kanauji 60
  Awadhi 40
People Groups Speaking Bhojpuri

Primary Language:  Bhojpuri

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1911-1982)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1998-2006)
Bible-Complete No
Bible-NT Audio Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Bhojpuri
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bhojpuri
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
General Got Questions Ministry
Text / Printed Matter Jesus Messiah comic book
Text / Printed Matter OneHope resources for children and youth
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter Online Bible (Bibles India)
Text / Printed Matter World Missionary Press Booklets
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
99.99 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.01 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Arun Kumar  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest India census data.  Current values may differ.