Turaiha in Bangladesh


Population
Main Language
Largest Religion
Christian
Evangelical
Progress
Progress Gauge

Introduction / History

The Turaiha are a fishermen Hindu Tribe. They are considered as a lower caste and very depressed. Most of them have no idea about their origin. As Mr. A.C. Turner (1933) states "They are an offshoot from Kahars who have a subcaste of Turai in the plains and of Turaha in the hills. They now form a distinct caste broken away from Kahars" (Census of India, 1931.)


Where Are they Located?

The main population of Turaihas is located near the different rivers and lakes in Rohilkhand, Meerut, Agra, Oudh and Benares Division of Uttar Pradesh as well as Bihar and Bengal. The Turaihas are also known as Turai, Turaha, Turahiya and Turha.


What Are Their Lives Like?

Turaiha people used to speak in Hindi, Bhojpuri, Matheli, Oudhi and Bengali. The chief occupation of Turaha people is fishing, cultivating Singhara (Water Nut), making handheld fans and baskets. They are some of the best fishmen in India. They catch and sell fish for their daily income.

They usually drink liquor and toddy. They eat mutton, pork, fish, tortoise and crab. Brahmins do not enter Turaiha houses. On Hindu social scales Turaiha is higher than Chamar and Bhangi. Turaiha community is near to Bhil Tribe and somewhere treated as Dheemar also.


What Are Their Beliefs?

Turaiha are Hindu. They believe they are descended from the Sun god. The great Deity of the Turaihas is Sanichar Raja. Their main festival is held on Saturday in the month of Sawan at the asthan (Shrine) of Sanichar Raja by offering goats, pigs, kheer, grains and bread.


Prayer Points

* Scripture Prayers for the Turaiha in Bangladesh.

* For the salvation of the Turaiha and that God may bring several Christian workers among them.
* Pray that Turaiha will wake up and join the main stream of nation.
* Pray that Christianity will bring modern medicine and antibiotics to the sick of the Turaiha community.


Profile Source:   Arun Kumar  

People Name General Turaiha
People Name in Country Turaiha
World Population 365,000
Total Countries 2
Indigenous Yes
Progress Scale 1
Unreached Yes
Frontier People Group Yes
Pioneer Workers Needed 1
Alternate Names Taruhi, Tomar, Tomra, Turaha, Turha, टुरैहा
People ID 18272
ROP3 Code 113816
Country Bangladesh
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States on file 6
Largest States
Rangpur
1,400
Dhaka
400
Rajshahi
300
Chittagong
60
Khulna
50
Sylhet
20
Specialized Website South Asia Peoples
Country Bangladesh
Region Asia, South
Continent Asia
10/40 Window Yes
National Bible Society Website
Persecution Rank 48  (Open Doors top 50 rank, 1 = highest persecution ranking)
Total States 6
  Rangpur 1,400
  Dhaka 400
  Rajshahi 300
  Chittagong 60
  Khulna 50
  Sylhet 20
Website South Asia Peoples
Primary Language Bengali (1,900 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Language Written Yes   ScriptSource Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
Sylheti
20
Primary Language Bengali (1,900 speakers)
Language Code ben   Ethnologue Listing
Total Languages 2
Secondary Languages
  Sylheti 20
People Groups Speaking Bengali

Primary Language:  Bengali

Bible Translation Status  (Years)
Bible-Portions Yes  (1800-1980)
Bible-New Testament Yes  (1801-1984)
Bible-Complete Yes  (1809-2000)
Bible-NT Audio Online
Bible-NT Text Online
Possible Print Bibles
Amazon
Forum Bible Agencies
National Bible Societies
World Bible Finder
World Bibles
Resource Type Resource Name
Audio Recordings Audio Bible teaching (GRN)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Bangla Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament - Mussolmani Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online New Testament- Common Version (FCBH)
Audio Recordings Online Scripture (Talking Bibles)
Audio Recordings Oral Bible stories in Bengali
Audio Recordings Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Following Jesus (India, JF Project)
Film / Video God's Love Story
Film / Video God's Story Video
Film / Video Jesus Film: view in Bengali
Film / Video Magdalena (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video My Last Day (Jesus Film Project Anime)
Film / Video Rivka (Jesus Film Project)
Film / Video Story of Jesus for Children (JF Project)
Film / Video The Prophets' Story
Film / Video The Savior 3 - Woman at the Well
Film / Video The Savior 8 - Jesus is Risen
General Bible Visuals
General Four Spiritual Laws
Primary Religion: Hinduism
Major Religion Percent *
Buddhism
0.00 %
Christianity  (Evangelical 0.00 %)
0.00 %
Ethnic Religions
0.00 %
Hinduism
100.00 %
Islam
0.00 %
Non-Religious
0.00 %
Other / Small
0.00 %
Unknown
0.00 %
Photo Source Gerald Roberts 
Map Source People Group Location: Omid. Other geography / data: GMI. Map Design: Joshua Project  
Profile Source Arun Kumar  
Data Sources Data is compiled from various sources. Read more
* Religion Values From latest Bangladesh census data.  Current values may differ.